ObjectiveWe sought to investigate prevalence, incidence and prognostic implications of permanent pacemaker (PPM) implantation in patients with cardiac amyloidosis (CA), thereby identifying the predictors of time to PPM implantation. MethodsSeven hundred eighty-seven patients with CA (602 men, median age 74 years, 571 transthyretin amyloidosis (ATTR), 216 light-chain amyloidosis (AL)) evaluated at two European referral centres were retrospectively included. Clinical, laboratory and instrumental data were analysed. The associations between PPM implantation and mortality, heart failure (HF) or a composite endpoint of mortality, cardiac transplantation and HF were analysed. Results81 (10.3%) patients had a PPM before initial evaluation. Over a median follow-up time of 21.7 months (IQR 9.6-45.2), 81 (10.3%) additional patients (18 with AL (22.2%) and 63 with ATTR (77.8%)) underwent PPM implantation with a median time to implantation of 15.6 months (IQR 4.2-40), complete atrioventricular block was the most common indication (49.4%). Independent predictors of PPM implantation were QRS duration (HR 1.03, 95% CI 1.02 to 1.03, p<0.001) and interventricular septum (IVS) thickness (HR 1.1, 95% CI 1.03 to 1.17, p=0.003). The model to estimate the probability of PPM at 12 months and containing both factors showed a C-statistic of 0.71 and a calibration of slope of 0.98. ConclusionsConduction system disease requiring PPM is a common complication in CA that affects up to 20.6% of patients. QRS duration and IVS thickness are independently associated with PPM implantation. A PPM implantation at 12 months model was devised and validated to identify patients with CA at higher risk of requiring a PPM and who require closer follow-up.

Saturi, G., De Frutos, F., Sguazzotti, M., Gonzalez-Lopez, E., Nardi, E., Domínguez, F., et al. (2024). Predictors and outcomes of pacemaker implantation in patients with cardiac amyloidosis. HEART, 110(1), 40-48 [10.1136/heartjnl-2022-322315].

Predictors and outcomes of pacemaker implantation in patients with cardiac amyloidosis

Saturi, Giulia;Sguazzotti, Maurizio;Nardi, Elena;Ponziani, Alberto;Caponetti, Angelo Giuseppe;Accietto, Antonella;Giovannetti, Alessandro;Gagliardi, Christian;Galiè, Nazzareno;Longhi, Simone
2024

Abstract

ObjectiveWe sought to investigate prevalence, incidence and prognostic implications of permanent pacemaker (PPM) implantation in patients with cardiac amyloidosis (CA), thereby identifying the predictors of time to PPM implantation. MethodsSeven hundred eighty-seven patients with CA (602 men, median age 74 years, 571 transthyretin amyloidosis (ATTR), 216 light-chain amyloidosis (AL)) evaluated at two European referral centres were retrospectively included. Clinical, laboratory and instrumental data were analysed. The associations between PPM implantation and mortality, heart failure (HF) or a composite endpoint of mortality, cardiac transplantation and HF were analysed. Results81 (10.3%) patients had a PPM before initial evaluation. Over a median follow-up time of 21.7 months (IQR 9.6-45.2), 81 (10.3%) additional patients (18 with AL (22.2%) and 63 with ATTR (77.8%)) underwent PPM implantation with a median time to implantation of 15.6 months (IQR 4.2-40), complete atrioventricular block was the most common indication (49.4%). Independent predictors of PPM implantation were QRS duration (HR 1.03, 95% CI 1.02 to 1.03, p<0.001) and interventricular septum (IVS) thickness (HR 1.1, 95% CI 1.03 to 1.17, p=0.003). The model to estimate the probability of PPM at 12 months and containing both factors showed a C-statistic of 0.71 and a calibration of slope of 0.98. ConclusionsConduction system disease requiring PPM is a common complication in CA that affects up to 20.6% of patients. QRS duration and IVS thickness are independently associated with PPM implantation. A PPM implantation at 12 months model was devised and validated to identify patients with CA at higher risk of requiring a PPM and who require closer follow-up.
2024
Saturi, G., De Frutos, F., Sguazzotti, M., Gonzalez-Lopez, E., Nardi, E., Domínguez, F., et al. (2024). Predictors and outcomes of pacemaker implantation in patients with cardiac amyloidosis. HEART, 110(1), 40-48 [10.1136/heartjnl-2022-322315].
Saturi, Giulia; De Frutos, Fernando; Sguazzotti, Maurizio; Gonzalez-Lopez, Esther; Nardi, Elena; Domínguez, Fernando; Ponziani, Alberto; Cabrera, Eva;...espandi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/958714
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