Study Design: This was a retrospective study.Objective: Since a better understanding of modifiable risk factors for proximal junctional disease (PJD) may lead to improved postoperative outcomes and less need of revision surgery, the aim of the present study is to determine whether sarcopenia and osteopenia are independent risk factors for PJD in patients undergoing lumbar fusion.Summary of Background Data: PJD is one of the most frequent complications following posterior instrumented spinal fusion. It is characterized by a spectrum of pathologies ranging from proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) to proximal junctional failure (PJF). The etiology of PJD is multifactorial and currently not fully understood. Patient-specific factors, such as age, body mass index, osteoporosis, sarcopenia, and the presence of other comorbidities, can represent potential risk factors.Materials and Methods: A retrospective review of patients, aging 50-85 years, who underwent a short (<= 3 levels) posterior lumbar fusion for degenerative diseases was performed. Through magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), central sarcopenia and osteopenia were evaluated, measuring the psoas-to-lumbar vertebral index (PLVI) and the M-score. A multivariate analysis was performed to determine the independent risk factors for PJD, PJK, and PJF.Results: A total of 308 patients (mean age at surgery 63.8 +/- 6.2 years) were included. Ten patients (3.2%) developed a PJD and all required revision surgery. Multivariate regression identified PLVI (P = 0.02) and M-score (P = 0.04) as independent risk factors for both PJK (P = 0.02 and P = 0.04, respectively) and PJF (P = 0.04 and P = 0.01, respectively).Conclusions: Sarcopenia and osteopenia, as measured by PLVI and M-score, proved to be independent risk factors for PJD in patients who undergo lumbar fusion for degenerative diseases.

Traversari, M., Ruffilli, A., Barile, F., Cerasoli, T., Manzetti, M., Viroli, G., et al. (2023). Sarcopenia and osteopenia are independent risk factors for proximal junctional disease after posterior lumbar fusion: Results of a retrospective study. JOURNAL OF CRANIOVERTEBRAL JUNCTION AND SPINE, 14(1), 65-70 [10.4103/jcvjs.jcvjs_140_22].

Sarcopenia and osteopenia are independent risk factors for proximal junctional disease after posterior lumbar fusion: Results of a retrospective study

Traversari, Matteo;Ruffilli, Alberto;Barile, Francesca;Cerasoli, Tosca;Manzetti, Marco;Viroli, Giovanni;Ialuna, Marco;Mazzotti, Antonio;Faldini, Cesare
2023

Abstract

Study Design: This was a retrospective study.Objective: Since a better understanding of modifiable risk factors for proximal junctional disease (PJD) may lead to improved postoperative outcomes and less need of revision surgery, the aim of the present study is to determine whether sarcopenia and osteopenia are independent risk factors for PJD in patients undergoing lumbar fusion.Summary of Background Data: PJD is one of the most frequent complications following posterior instrumented spinal fusion. It is characterized by a spectrum of pathologies ranging from proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) to proximal junctional failure (PJF). The etiology of PJD is multifactorial and currently not fully understood. Patient-specific factors, such as age, body mass index, osteoporosis, sarcopenia, and the presence of other comorbidities, can represent potential risk factors.Materials and Methods: A retrospective review of patients, aging 50-85 years, who underwent a short (<= 3 levels) posterior lumbar fusion for degenerative diseases was performed. Through magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), central sarcopenia and osteopenia were evaluated, measuring the psoas-to-lumbar vertebral index (PLVI) and the M-score. A multivariate analysis was performed to determine the independent risk factors for PJD, PJK, and PJF.Results: A total of 308 patients (mean age at surgery 63.8 +/- 6.2 years) were included. Ten patients (3.2%) developed a PJD and all required revision surgery. Multivariate regression identified PLVI (P = 0.02) and M-score (P = 0.04) as independent risk factors for both PJK (P = 0.02 and P = 0.04, respectively) and PJF (P = 0.04 and P = 0.01, respectively).Conclusions: Sarcopenia and osteopenia, as measured by PLVI and M-score, proved to be independent risk factors for PJD in patients who undergo lumbar fusion for degenerative diseases.
2023
Traversari, M., Ruffilli, A., Barile, F., Cerasoli, T., Manzetti, M., Viroli, G., et al. (2023). Sarcopenia and osteopenia are independent risk factors for proximal junctional disease after posterior lumbar fusion: Results of a retrospective study. JOURNAL OF CRANIOVERTEBRAL JUNCTION AND SPINE, 14(1), 65-70 [10.4103/jcvjs.jcvjs_140_22].
Traversari, Matteo; Ruffilli, Alberto; Barile, Francesca; Cerasoli, Tosca; Manzetti, Marco; Viroli, Giovanni; Ialuna, Marco; Salamanna, Francesca; Maz...espandi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/958503
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