Introduction and aim: Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (iCCA) is a disease characterized by rarity, heterogeneity, and high mortality, where surgical resection is often not possible. Nowadays, due to the recent introduction of new therapeutic options such as trans-arterial radioembolization (TARE), it is increasingly important to define the role of morphofunctional imaging methods for the prognostic stratification of patients affected by iCCA. The aim of the study was to verify the prognostic value of morphofunctional imaging methods at the baseline in patients with inoperable iCCA. Methods: In total, 45 patients with iCCA were sent to our center between January 2016 and March 2021 for being evaluated to be treated with TARE. All of them underwent both [18F]-FDG-PET/CT and contrast-enhanced CT (ceCT) in a single procedure and were included in our study. The inclusion criteria were as follows: a diagnosis of inoperable iCCA; both [18F]-FDG-PET/CT and ceCT scans; and washout from therapy for at least 2 months before baseline [18F]-FDG-PET/CT and ceCT scans. Both clinical and laboratory data and baseline imaging data (ceCT and [18F]-FDG-PET/CT) were collected. In particular, regarding clinical and laboratory data, we collected overall survival (OS), gender, age, prior therapies, liver function indices, and tumor markers. Regarding ceCT, we collected TNM staging, lesion diameter, volume, vascularization, and presence of intravascular necrosis. Regarding [18F]-FDG-PET/CT, we collected TNM staging, Standard-Uptake-Value max (SUVmax), Metabolic-Tumor-Volume (MTV), and Total-Lesion-Glycolysis (TLG=MTV*lesions SUVmean). Philips-Vue-PACS software was used, setting hepatic SUVmean as TLG threshold. Results: A statistically significant correlation was found between some examined parameters at morphofunctional investigations at the baseline and OS. [18F]-FDG-PET/CT parameters statistically correlated with OS were the stage of disease greater than M0 (p = 0.037), major lesion SUVmax (p = 0.010), MTV (p ≤ 0.001), and TLG (p < 0.001). Other parameters at ceCT correlated with OS were the stage of disease greater than T2 (p = 0.038), maximum lesion diameter (p = 0.07), volume of the major lesion (p = 0.016), and total volume of lesions (p = 0. 009). Biochemical parameters correlated with OS were gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT, p = 0.014), alkaline phosphatase (ALP, p = 0.019), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA, p = 0.004), and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA 19-9, p < 0.001). From the parameters estimated by the multivariate model, we derived a four-variable score for OS combining nodal involvement and SUVmax at [18F]-FDG-PET/CT, GGT, and CA 19-9 levels. Conclusion: Considering our data, performing integrated pre-therapy imaging is critical for the prognostic stratification of patients with iCCA.

Prognostic value of integrated morphofunctional imaging methods in inoperable intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma / Nanni C.; Mosconi C.; Dragonetti V.; Barakat M.; Fraccascia N.; Cocozza M.A.; Brocchi S.; Palloni A.; Paccapelo A.; Brandi G.; Fanti S.. - In: FRONTIERS IN MEDICINE. - ISSN 2296-858X. - ELETTRONICO. - 10:(2023), pp. 1204717.1-1204717.9. [10.3389/fmed.2023.1204717]

Prognostic value of integrated morphofunctional imaging methods in inoperable intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma

Mosconi C.;Dragonetti V.;Barakat M.;Fraccascia N.;Cocozza M. A.;Brocchi S.;Palloni A.;Paccapelo A.;Fanti S.
2023

Abstract

Introduction and aim: Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (iCCA) is a disease characterized by rarity, heterogeneity, and high mortality, where surgical resection is often not possible. Nowadays, due to the recent introduction of new therapeutic options such as trans-arterial radioembolization (TARE), it is increasingly important to define the role of morphofunctional imaging methods for the prognostic stratification of patients affected by iCCA. The aim of the study was to verify the prognostic value of morphofunctional imaging methods at the baseline in patients with inoperable iCCA. Methods: In total, 45 patients with iCCA were sent to our center between January 2016 and March 2021 for being evaluated to be treated with TARE. All of them underwent both [18F]-FDG-PET/CT and contrast-enhanced CT (ceCT) in a single procedure and were included in our study. The inclusion criteria were as follows: a diagnosis of inoperable iCCA; both [18F]-FDG-PET/CT and ceCT scans; and washout from therapy for at least 2 months before baseline [18F]-FDG-PET/CT and ceCT scans. Both clinical and laboratory data and baseline imaging data (ceCT and [18F]-FDG-PET/CT) were collected. In particular, regarding clinical and laboratory data, we collected overall survival (OS), gender, age, prior therapies, liver function indices, and tumor markers. Regarding ceCT, we collected TNM staging, lesion diameter, volume, vascularization, and presence of intravascular necrosis. Regarding [18F]-FDG-PET/CT, we collected TNM staging, Standard-Uptake-Value max (SUVmax), Metabolic-Tumor-Volume (MTV), and Total-Lesion-Glycolysis (TLG=MTV*lesions SUVmean). Philips-Vue-PACS software was used, setting hepatic SUVmean as TLG threshold. Results: A statistically significant correlation was found between some examined parameters at morphofunctional investigations at the baseline and OS. [18F]-FDG-PET/CT parameters statistically correlated with OS were the stage of disease greater than M0 (p = 0.037), major lesion SUVmax (p = 0.010), MTV (p ≤ 0.001), and TLG (p < 0.001). Other parameters at ceCT correlated with OS were the stage of disease greater than T2 (p = 0.038), maximum lesion diameter (p = 0.07), volume of the major lesion (p = 0.016), and total volume of lesions (p = 0. 009). Biochemical parameters correlated with OS were gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT, p = 0.014), alkaline phosphatase (ALP, p = 0.019), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA, p = 0.004), and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA 19-9, p < 0.001). From the parameters estimated by the multivariate model, we derived a four-variable score for OS combining nodal involvement and SUVmax at [18F]-FDG-PET/CT, GGT, and CA 19-9 levels. Conclusion: Considering our data, performing integrated pre-therapy imaging is critical for the prognostic stratification of patients with iCCA.
2023
Prognostic value of integrated morphofunctional imaging methods in inoperable intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma / Nanni C.; Mosconi C.; Dragonetti V.; Barakat M.; Fraccascia N.; Cocozza M.A.; Brocchi S.; Palloni A.; Paccapelo A.; Brandi G.; Fanti S.. - In: FRONTIERS IN MEDICINE. - ISSN 2296-858X. - ELETTRONICO. - 10:(2023), pp. 1204717.1-1204717.9. [10.3389/fmed.2023.1204717]
Nanni C.; Mosconi C.; Dragonetti V.; Barakat M.; Fraccascia N.; Cocozza M.A.; Brocchi S.; Palloni A.; Paccapelo A.; Brandi G.; Fanti S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/957690
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