Introduction: Involving patients and carers in the development of blended collaborative care (BCC) interventions for multimorbid heart failure (HF) patients is recommended but rarely practised, and research on the patient perspective is scarce. The aim of this study is to investigate patients' and carers' care-related needs and preferences to better customize a novel international BCC intervention. Methods: A qualitative study design using framework analysis was employed. The study was performed in accordance with the EQUATOR standards for reporting qualitative research (SRQR). Patients aged at least 65 years with HF and at least two other physical diseases as well as their carers completed semistructured interviews in Germany, Italy, and Denmark. Based on these interviews, personas (prototype profiles of patients and carers) were created. Results: Data from interviews with 25 patients and 17 carers were analysed. Initially, seven country-specific personas were identified, which were iteratively narrowed down to a final set of 3 personas: (a) the one who needs and wants support, (b) the one who has accepted their situation with HF and reaches out when necessary, and (c) the one who feels neglected by the health care system. Carers identifying with the last persona showed high levels of psychological stress and a high need for support. Discussion: This is the first international qualitative study on patients' and carers' needs regarding a BCC intervention using the creation of personas. Across three European countries, data from interviews were used to develop three contrasting personas. Instead of providing "one size fits all" interventions, the results indicate that BCC interventions should offer different approaches based on the needs of individual patients and carers. The personas will serve as a basis for the development of a novel BCC intervention as part of the EU project ESCAPE (Evaluation of a patient-centred biopSychosocial blended collaborative CAre Pathway for the treatment of multimorbid Elderly patients).

Needs of multimorbid heart failure patients and their carers: a qualitative interview study and the creation of personas as a basis for a blended collaborative care intervention / Engelmann, Petra; Eilerskov, Natasja; Thilsing, Trine; Bernardini, Francesco; Rasmussen, Sanne; Löwe, Bernd; Herrmann-Lingen, Christoph; Gostoli, Sara; Andréasson, Frida; Rafanelli, Chiara; Pedersen, Susanne S.; Jaarsma, Tiny; Kohlmann, Sebastian. - In: FRONTIERS IN CARDIOVASCULAR MEDICINE. - ISSN 2297-055X. - ELETTRONICO. - 10:(2023), pp. 1186390.1-1186390.12. [10.3389/fcvm.2023.1186390]

Needs of multimorbid heart failure patients and their carers: a qualitative interview study and the creation of personas as a basis for a blended collaborative care intervention

Bernardini, Francesco;Gostoli, Sara;Rafanelli, Chiara;
2023

Abstract

Introduction: Involving patients and carers in the development of blended collaborative care (BCC) interventions for multimorbid heart failure (HF) patients is recommended but rarely practised, and research on the patient perspective is scarce. The aim of this study is to investigate patients' and carers' care-related needs and preferences to better customize a novel international BCC intervention. Methods: A qualitative study design using framework analysis was employed. The study was performed in accordance with the EQUATOR standards for reporting qualitative research (SRQR). Patients aged at least 65 years with HF and at least two other physical diseases as well as their carers completed semistructured interviews in Germany, Italy, and Denmark. Based on these interviews, personas (prototype profiles of patients and carers) were created. Results: Data from interviews with 25 patients and 17 carers were analysed. Initially, seven country-specific personas were identified, which were iteratively narrowed down to a final set of 3 personas: (a) the one who needs and wants support, (b) the one who has accepted their situation with HF and reaches out when necessary, and (c) the one who feels neglected by the health care system. Carers identifying with the last persona showed high levels of psychological stress and a high need for support. Discussion: This is the first international qualitative study on patients' and carers' needs regarding a BCC intervention using the creation of personas. Across three European countries, data from interviews were used to develop three contrasting personas. Instead of providing "one size fits all" interventions, the results indicate that BCC interventions should offer different approaches based on the needs of individual patients and carers. The personas will serve as a basis for the development of a novel BCC intervention as part of the EU project ESCAPE (Evaluation of a patient-centred biopSychosocial blended collaborative CAre Pathway for the treatment of multimorbid Elderly patients).
2023
Needs of multimorbid heart failure patients and their carers: a qualitative interview study and the creation of personas as a basis for a blended collaborative care intervention / Engelmann, Petra; Eilerskov, Natasja; Thilsing, Trine; Bernardini, Francesco; Rasmussen, Sanne; Löwe, Bernd; Herrmann-Lingen, Christoph; Gostoli, Sara; Andréasson, Frida; Rafanelli, Chiara; Pedersen, Susanne S.; Jaarsma, Tiny; Kohlmann, Sebastian. - In: FRONTIERS IN CARDIOVASCULAR MEDICINE. - ISSN 2297-055X. - ELETTRONICO. - 10:(2023), pp. 1186390.1-1186390.12. [10.3389/fcvm.2023.1186390]
Engelmann, Petra; Eilerskov, Natasja; Thilsing, Trine; Bernardini, Francesco; Rasmussen, Sanne; Löwe, Bernd; Herrmann-Lingen, Christoph; Gostoli, Sara; Andréasson, Frida; Rafanelli, Chiara; Pedersen, Susanne S.; Jaarsma, Tiny; Kohlmann, Sebastian
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/957683
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