The eastern forelimb of the Maiella anticline above the leading edge of the underlying thrust displays a complex system of fractures, faults and a series of kink bands in the Cretaceous platform carbonates. The kink bands have steep limbs, display top-to-the-east shear, parallel to the overall transport direction, and are brecciated and faulted. A system of pervasive normal faults, trending sub-parallel to the strike of the mechanical layers, accommodates local extension generated by flexural slip. Two sets of strike-slip faults exist: one is left-lateral at a high angle to the main Maiella thrust; the other is right-lateral, intersecting the first set at an acute angle. The normal and strike-slip faults were formed by shearing across bed-parallel, strike-, and dip-parallel pressure solution seams and associated splays; the thrust faults follow the tilted mechanical layers along the steeper limb of the kink bands. The three pervasive, mutually-orthogonal pressure solution seams are pre-tilting. One set of low-angle normal faults, the oldest set in the area, is also pre-tilting. All other fault/fold structures appear to show signs of overlapping periods of activity accounting for the complex tri-shear-like deformation that developed as the front evolved during the Oligocene–Pliocene Apennine orogeny.

Deformation along the leading edge of the Maiella thrust sheet in central Italy

ANTONELLINI, MARCO;
2010

Abstract

The eastern forelimb of the Maiella anticline above the leading edge of the underlying thrust displays a complex system of fractures, faults and a series of kink bands in the Cretaceous platform carbonates. The kink bands have steep limbs, display top-to-the-east shear, parallel to the overall transport direction, and are brecciated and faulted. A system of pervasive normal faults, trending sub-parallel to the strike of the mechanical layers, accommodates local extension generated by flexural slip. Two sets of strike-slip faults exist: one is left-lateral at a high angle to the main Maiella thrust; the other is right-lateral, intersecting the first set at an acute angle. The normal and strike-slip faults were formed by shearing across bed-parallel, strike-, and dip-parallel pressure solution seams and associated splays; the thrust faults follow the tilted mechanical layers along the steeper limb of the kink bands. The three pervasive, mutually-orthogonal pressure solution seams are pre-tilting. One set of low-angle normal faults, the oldest set in the area, is also pre-tilting. All other fault/fold structures appear to show signs of overlapping periods of activity accounting for the complex tri-shear-like deformation that developed as the front evolved during the Oligocene–Pliocene Apennine orogeny.
A. Aydin; M. Antonellini; E. Tondi; F. Agosta
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/95728
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