One of the main aims of the Italian National Healthcare Outcomes Program (Programma Nazionale Esiti, PNE) is the identification of the hospitals with the lowest performance, leading them to improve their quality. In order to evaluate PNE impact for a subset of outcome indicators, we evaluated whether the performance of the hospitals with the lowest scores in 2016 had significantly improved after five years. The eight indicators measured the risk-adjusted likelihood of the death of each patient (adjusted relative risk - RR) 30 days after the admission for acute myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, chronic kidney disease, femur fracture or lung and colon cancer. In 2016, the PNE identified 288 hospitals with a very low performance in at least one of the selected indicators. Overall, 51.0% (n = 147) of these hospitals showed some degree of improvement in 2021, and 27.4% of them improved so much that the death risk of their patients fell below the national mean value. In 34.7% of the hospitals, however, the patients still carried a mean risk of death higher than 30% higher than the average Italian patient with the same disease. Only 38.5% of the hospitals in Southern Italy improved the scores of the selected indicators, versus 68.0% in Northern and Central Italy. Multivariate analyses, adjusting for the baseline performance in 2016, confirmed univariate results and showed a significantly lower likelihood of improvement with increasing hospital volume. Despite the overall methodological validity of the PNE system, current Italian policies and actions aimed at translating hospital quality scores into effective organizational changes need to be reinforced with a special focus on larger southern regions.

Impact of the Italian Healthcare Outcomes Program (PNE) on the Care Quality of the Poorest Performing Hospitals / Fiore, Matteo; Bianconi, Alessandro; Acuti Martellucci, Cecilia; Rosso, Annalisa; Zauli, Enrico; Flacco, Maria Elena; Manzoli, Lamberto. - In: HEALTHCARE. - ISSN 2227-9032. - ELETTRONICO. - 12:4(2024), pp. 431.1-431.11. [10.3390/healthcare12040431]

Impact of the Italian Healthcare Outcomes Program (PNE) on the Care Quality of the Poorest Performing Hospitals

Fiore, Matteo
Primo
Methodology
;
Bianconi, Alessandro
Secondo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Manzoli, Lamberto
Ultimo
Conceptualization
2024

Abstract

One of the main aims of the Italian National Healthcare Outcomes Program (Programma Nazionale Esiti, PNE) is the identification of the hospitals with the lowest performance, leading them to improve their quality. In order to evaluate PNE impact for a subset of outcome indicators, we evaluated whether the performance of the hospitals with the lowest scores in 2016 had significantly improved after five years. The eight indicators measured the risk-adjusted likelihood of the death of each patient (adjusted relative risk - RR) 30 days after the admission for acute myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, chronic kidney disease, femur fracture or lung and colon cancer. In 2016, the PNE identified 288 hospitals with a very low performance in at least one of the selected indicators. Overall, 51.0% (n = 147) of these hospitals showed some degree of improvement in 2021, and 27.4% of them improved so much that the death risk of their patients fell below the national mean value. In 34.7% of the hospitals, however, the patients still carried a mean risk of death higher than 30% higher than the average Italian patient with the same disease. Only 38.5% of the hospitals in Southern Italy improved the scores of the selected indicators, versus 68.0% in Northern and Central Italy. Multivariate analyses, adjusting for the baseline performance in 2016, confirmed univariate results and showed a significantly lower likelihood of improvement with increasing hospital volume. Despite the overall methodological validity of the PNE system, current Italian policies and actions aimed at translating hospital quality scores into effective organizational changes need to be reinforced with a special focus on larger southern regions.
2024
Impact of the Italian Healthcare Outcomes Program (PNE) on the Care Quality of the Poorest Performing Hospitals / Fiore, Matteo; Bianconi, Alessandro; Acuti Martellucci, Cecilia; Rosso, Annalisa; Zauli, Enrico; Flacco, Maria Elena; Manzoli, Lamberto. - In: HEALTHCARE. - ISSN 2227-9032. - ELETTRONICO. - 12:4(2024), pp. 431.1-431.11. [10.3390/healthcare12040431]
Fiore, Matteo; Bianconi, Alessandro; Acuti Martellucci, Cecilia; Rosso, Annalisa; Zauli, Enrico; Flacco, Maria Elena; Manzoli, Lamberto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/956893
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