Purpose: The study aimed to obtain a comprehensive 3D visualization of knee specimens, including the cruciate ligaments and corresponding femoral and tibial bone insertions using a non-destructive micro-CT method. Methods: Knee specimens were fixed in anatomical positions and chemically dehydrated before being scanned using micro-CT with a voxel size of 17.5 μm. RGBA (red, green, blue, alpha) transfer functions were applied to virtually colorize each structure. Following micro-CT scanning, the samples were rehydrated, decalcified, and trimmed based on micro-CT 3D reconstructions as references. Histological evaluations were performed on the trimmed samples. Histological and micro-CT images were registered to morphologically and densitometrically assess the 4-layer insertion of the ACL into the bone. Results: The output of the micro-CT images of the knee in extension and flexion allowed a clear differentiation of the morphologies of both soft and hard tissues, such as the ACL, femoral and tibial bones, and cartilage, and the subsequent creation of 3D composite models useful for accurately tracing the entire morphology of the ligament, including its fiber and bundle components, the trajectory between the femur and tibia, and the size, extension, and morphology of its insertions into the bones. Conclusion: The implementation of the non-destructive micro-CT method allowed complete visualization of all the different components of the knee specimens. This allowed correlative imaging by micro-CT and histology, accurate planning of histological sections, and virtual anatomical and microstructural analysis. The micro-CT approach provided an unprecedented 3D level of detail, offering a viable means to study ACL anatomy.

3D visualization of the human anterior cruciate ligament combining micro-CT and histological analysis / Parrilli A.; Grassi A.; Orellana F.; Lolli R.; Marchiori G.; Berni M.; Fini M.; Lopomo N.F.; Zaffagnini S.. - In: SURGICAL AND RADIOLOGIC ANATOMY. - ISSN 0930-1038. - ELETTRONICO. - 46:2(2024), pp. 249-258. [10.1007/s00276-023-03295-5]

3D visualization of the human anterior cruciate ligament combining micro-CT and histological analysis

Grassi A.;Lolli R.;Berni M.;Zaffagnini S.
2024

Abstract

Purpose: The study aimed to obtain a comprehensive 3D visualization of knee specimens, including the cruciate ligaments and corresponding femoral and tibial bone insertions using a non-destructive micro-CT method. Methods: Knee specimens were fixed in anatomical positions and chemically dehydrated before being scanned using micro-CT with a voxel size of 17.5 μm. RGBA (red, green, blue, alpha) transfer functions were applied to virtually colorize each structure. Following micro-CT scanning, the samples were rehydrated, decalcified, and trimmed based on micro-CT 3D reconstructions as references. Histological evaluations were performed on the trimmed samples. Histological and micro-CT images were registered to morphologically and densitometrically assess the 4-layer insertion of the ACL into the bone. Results: The output of the micro-CT images of the knee in extension and flexion allowed a clear differentiation of the morphologies of both soft and hard tissues, such as the ACL, femoral and tibial bones, and cartilage, and the subsequent creation of 3D composite models useful for accurately tracing the entire morphology of the ligament, including its fiber and bundle components, the trajectory between the femur and tibia, and the size, extension, and morphology of its insertions into the bones. Conclusion: The implementation of the non-destructive micro-CT method allowed complete visualization of all the different components of the knee specimens. This allowed correlative imaging by micro-CT and histology, accurate planning of histological sections, and virtual anatomical and microstructural analysis. The micro-CT approach provided an unprecedented 3D level of detail, offering a viable means to study ACL anatomy.
2024
3D visualization of the human anterior cruciate ligament combining micro-CT and histological analysis / Parrilli A.; Grassi A.; Orellana F.; Lolli R.; Marchiori G.; Berni M.; Fini M.; Lopomo N.F.; Zaffagnini S.. - In: SURGICAL AND RADIOLOGIC ANATOMY. - ISSN 0930-1038. - ELETTRONICO. - 46:2(2024), pp. 249-258. [10.1007/s00276-023-03295-5]
Parrilli A.; Grassi A.; Orellana F.; Lolli R.; Marchiori G.; Berni M.; Fini M.; Lopomo N.F.; Zaffagnini S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/956345
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