Disorder of arousal (DOA) is a form of non-rapid eye movement sleep parasomnia caused by partial or incomplete arousal from deep sleep. Most previous studie of patients with DOA analyzed prearousal hypersynchronous delta activity (HSDA), but few studies have described postarousal HSDA. Herein, we report a 23-year-old man with a history of abrupt arousal during sleep and confused behavior and speech since he was 14 years old. During video electroencephalograph monitoring, he had 9 arousal events of getting up, sitting on the bed, looking around, or simple arousal, including eyes open, looking at the ceiling, or head flexion. During all arousal events, the postarousal electroencephalography pattern was prolonged HSDA for approximately 40 seconds. The patient was treated unsuccessfully for more than 2 years with an antiseizure medication (lacosamide); eventually, he responded to clonazepam that was administered for the possibility of DOA. Prolonged rhythmic HSDA without spatiotemporal evolution can appear as a postarousal electroencephalography pattern of DOA. When diagnosing DOA, it is important to recognize that postarousal HSDA can appear as a characteristic electroencephalography pattern of DOA.

A case of disorder of arousal with prolonged postarousal hypersynchronous delta activity / Kang M.-K.; Shin D.-S.; Lee H.C.; Provini F.; Jung K.-Y.. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL SLEEP MEDICINE. - ISSN 1550-9389. - STAMPA. - 19:7(2023), pp. 1365-1368. [10.5664/jcsm.10548]

A case of disorder of arousal with prolonged postarousal hypersynchronous delta activity

Provini F.;
2023

Abstract

Disorder of arousal (DOA) is a form of non-rapid eye movement sleep parasomnia caused by partial or incomplete arousal from deep sleep. Most previous studie of patients with DOA analyzed prearousal hypersynchronous delta activity (HSDA), but few studies have described postarousal HSDA. Herein, we report a 23-year-old man with a history of abrupt arousal during sleep and confused behavior and speech since he was 14 years old. During video electroencephalograph monitoring, he had 9 arousal events of getting up, sitting on the bed, looking around, or simple arousal, including eyes open, looking at the ceiling, or head flexion. During all arousal events, the postarousal electroencephalography pattern was prolonged HSDA for approximately 40 seconds. The patient was treated unsuccessfully for more than 2 years with an antiseizure medication (lacosamide); eventually, he responded to clonazepam that was administered for the possibility of DOA. Prolonged rhythmic HSDA without spatiotemporal evolution can appear as a postarousal electroencephalography pattern of DOA. When diagnosing DOA, it is important to recognize that postarousal HSDA can appear as a characteristic electroencephalography pattern of DOA.
2023
A case of disorder of arousal with prolonged postarousal hypersynchronous delta activity / Kang M.-K.; Shin D.-S.; Lee H.C.; Provini F.; Jung K.-Y.. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL SLEEP MEDICINE. - ISSN 1550-9389. - STAMPA. - 19:7(2023), pp. 1365-1368. [10.5664/jcsm.10548]
Kang M.-K.; Shin D.-S.; Lee H.C.; Provini F.; Jung K.-Y.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/956213
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