Introduction: Idiopathic/isolated rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (iRBD) is considered the prodromal stage of alpha-synucleinopathies. Thus, iRBD patients are the ideal target for disease-modifying therapy. The risk FActoRs PREdictive of phenoconversion in iRBD Italian STudy (FARPRESTO) is an ongoing Italian database aimed at identifying risk factors of phenoconversion, and eventually to ease clinical trial enrollment of well-characterized subjects. Methods: Polysomnography-confirmed iRBD patients were retrospectively and prospectively enrolled. Baseline harmonized clinical and nigrostriatal functioning data were collected at baseline. Nigrostriatal functioning was evaluated by dopamine transporter-single-photon emission computed tomography (DaT-SPECT) and categorized with visual semi-quantification. Longitudinal data were evaluated to assess phenoconversion. Cox regressions were applied to calculate hazard ratios. Results: 365 patients were enrolled, and 289 patients with follow-up (age 67.7 ± 7.3 years, 237 males, mean follow-up 40 ± 37 months) were included in this study. At follow-up, 97 iRBD patients (33.6%) phenoconverted to an overt synucleinopathy. Older age, motor and cognitive impairment, constipation, urinary and sexual dysfunction, depression, and visual semi-quantification of nigrostriatal functioning predicted phenoconversion. The remaining 268 patients are in follow-up within the FARPRESTO project. Conclusions: Clinical data (older age, motor and cognitive impairment, constipation, urinary and sexual dysfunction, depression) predicted phenoconversion in this multicenter, longitudinal, observational study. A standardized visual approach for semi-quantification of DaT-SPECT is proposed as a practical risk factor for phenoconversion in iRBD patients. Of note, non-converted and newly diagnosed iRBD patients, who represent a trial-ready cohort for upcoming disease-modification trials, are currently being enrolled and followed in the FARPRESTO study. New data are expected to allow better risk characterization.

Clinical and dopaminergic imaging characteristics of the FARPRESTO cohort of trial-ready idiopathic rapid eye movement sleep behavior patients / Arnaldi D.; Mattioli P.; Pardini M.; Morbelli S.; Capriglia E.; Rubino A.; Rustioni V.; Terzaghi M.; Casaglia E.; Serra A.; Figorilli M.; Liguori C.; Fernandes M.; Placidi F.; Baldelli L.; Provini F.; Ferini-Strambi L.; Marelli S.; Plazzi G.; Antelmi E.; Brunetti V.; Bonanni E.; Puligheddu M.. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY. - ISSN 1351-5101. - STAMPA. - 30:12(2023), pp. 3703-3710. [10.1111/ene.16001]

Clinical and dopaminergic imaging characteristics of the FARPRESTO cohort of trial-ready idiopathic rapid eye movement sleep behavior patients

Baldelli L.;Provini F.;
2023

Abstract

Introduction: Idiopathic/isolated rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (iRBD) is considered the prodromal stage of alpha-synucleinopathies. Thus, iRBD patients are the ideal target for disease-modifying therapy. The risk FActoRs PREdictive of phenoconversion in iRBD Italian STudy (FARPRESTO) is an ongoing Italian database aimed at identifying risk factors of phenoconversion, and eventually to ease clinical trial enrollment of well-characterized subjects. Methods: Polysomnography-confirmed iRBD patients were retrospectively and prospectively enrolled. Baseline harmonized clinical and nigrostriatal functioning data were collected at baseline. Nigrostriatal functioning was evaluated by dopamine transporter-single-photon emission computed tomography (DaT-SPECT) and categorized with visual semi-quantification. Longitudinal data were evaluated to assess phenoconversion. Cox regressions were applied to calculate hazard ratios. Results: 365 patients were enrolled, and 289 patients with follow-up (age 67.7 ± 7.3 years, 237 males, mean follow-up 40 ± 37 months) were included in this study. At follow-up, 97 iRBD patients (33.6%) phenoconverted to an overt synucleinopathy. Older age, motor and cognitive impairment, constipation, urinary and sexual dysfunction, depression, and visual semi-quantification of nigrostriatal functioning predicted phenoconversion. The remaining 268 patients are in follow-up within the FARPRESTO project. Conclusions: Clinical data (older age, motor and cognitive impairment, constipation, urinary and sexual dysfunction, depression) predicted phenoconversion in this multicenter, longitudinal, observational study. A standardized visual approach for semi-quantification of DaT-SPECT is proposed as a practical risk factor for phenoconversion in iRBD patients. Of note, non-converted and newly diagnosed iRBD patients, who represent a trial-ready cohort for upcoming disease-modification trials, are currently being enrolled and followed in the FARPRESTO study. New data are expected to allow better risk characterization.
2023
Clinical and dopaminergic imaging characteristics of the FARPRESTO cohort of trial-ready idiopathic rapid eye movement sleep behavior patients / Arnaldi D.; Mattioli P.; Pardini M.; Morbelli S.; Capriglia E.; Rubino A.; Rustioni V.; Terzaghi M.; Casaglia E.; Serra A.; Figorilli M.; Liguori C.; Fernandes M.; Placidi F.; Baldelli L.; Provini F.; Ferini-Strambi L.; Marelli S.; Plazzi G.; Antelmi E.; Brunetti V.; Bonanni E.; Puligheddu M.. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY. - ISSN 1351-5101. - STAMPA. - 30:12(2023), pp. 3703-3710. [10.1111/ene.16001]
Arnaldi D.; Mattioli P.; Pardini M.; Morbelli S.; Capriglia E.; Rubino A.; Rustioni V.; Terzaghi M.; Casaglia E.; Serra A.; Figorilli M.; Liguori C.; Fernandes M.; Placidi F.; Baldelli L.; Provini F.; Ferini-Strambi L.; Marelli S.; Plazzi G.; Antelmi E.; Brunetti V.; Bonanni E.; Puligheddu M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/956196
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