Periprosthetic joint infections (PJI) and fracture-related infections (FRI) of the distal femur (DF) may result in massive bone defects. Treatment options include articulated silver-coated (SC) megaprosthesis (MP) in the context of a two-stage protocol. However, there is limited evidence in the literature on this topic. A retrospective review of the prospectively maintained databases of three Institutions was performed. Forty-five patients were included. The mean follow-up time was 43 +/- 17.1 months. Eight (17.8%) patients had a recurrent infection. The estimated recurrence-free survival rate was 91.1% (93.5% PJI vs. 85.7% FRI) 2 years following MP implantation, and 75.7% (83.2% PJI vs. 64.3% FRI; p = 0.253) after 5 years. No statistically relevant difference was found according to the initial diagnosis (PJI vs. FRI). Among possible risk factors, only resection length was found to significantly worsen the outcomes in terms of infection control (p = 0.031). A total of eight complications not related to infection were found after reimplantation, but only five of them required further surgery. Above-the-knee amputation was performed in two cases (4.4%), both for reinfection. Articulated DF SC MP in a two-stage protocol is a safe and effective treatment for chronic knee infection with severe bone loss.

Silver-Coated Distal Femur Megaprosthesis in Chronic Infections with Severe Bone Loss: A Multicentre Case Series / Fiore, Michele; Sambri, Andrea; Morante, Lorenzo; Bortoli, Marta; Parisi, Stefania Claudia; Panzavolta, Francesco; Alesi, Domenico; Neri, Elisabetta; Neri, Maria Pia; Tedeschi, Sara; Zamparini, Eleonora; Cevolani, Luca; Donati, Davide Maria; Viale, Pierluigi; Campanacci, Domenico Andrea; Zaffagnini, Stefano; De Paolis, Massimiliano. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 2077-0383. - ELETTRONICO. - 12:20(2023), pp. 6679.1-6679.16. [10.3390/jcm12206679]

Silver-Coated Distal Femur Megaprosthesis in Chronic Infections with Severe Bone Loss: A Multicentre Case Series

Fiore, Michele;Sambri, Andrea
;
Morante, Lorenzo;Bortoli, Marta;Parisi, Stefania Claudia;Panzavolta, Francesco;Alesi, Domenico;Tedeschi, Sara;Cevolani, Luca;Donati, Davide Maria;Viale, Pierluigi;Zaffagnini, Stefano;
2023

Abstract

Periprosthetic joint infections (PJI) and fracture-related infections (FRI) of the distal femur (DF) may result in massive bone defects. Treatment options include articulated silver-coated (SC) megaprosthesis (MP) in the context of a two-stage protocol. However, there is limited evidence in the literature on this topic. A retrospective review of the prospectively maintained databases of three Institutions was performed. Forty-five patients were included. The mean follow-up time was 43 +/- 17.1 months. Eight (17.8%) patients had a recurrent infection. The estimated recurrence-free survival rate was 91.1% (93.5% PJI vs. 85.7% FRI) 2 years following MP implantation, and 75.7% (83.2% PJI vs. 64.3% FRI; p = 0.253) after 5 years. No statistically relevant difference was found according to the initial diagnosis (PJI vs. FRI). Among possible risk factors, only resection length was found to significantly worsen the outcomes in terms of infection control (p = 0.031). A total of eight complications not related to infection were found after reimplantation, but only five of them required further surgery. Above-the-knee amputation was performed in two cases (4.4%), both for reinfection. Articulated DF SC MP in a two-stage protocol is a safe and effective treatment for chronic knee infection with severe bone loss.
2023
Silver-Coated Distal Femur Megaprosthesis in Chronic Infections with Severe Bone Loss: A Multicentre Case Series / Fiore, Michele; Sambri, Andrea; Morante, Lorenzo; Bortoli, Marta; Parisi, Stefania Claudia; Panzavolta, Francesco; Alesi, Domenico; Neri, Elisabetta; Neri, Maria Pia; Tedeschi, Sara; Zamparini, Eleonora; Cevolani, Luca; Donati, Davide Maria; Viale, Pierluigi; Campanacci, Domenico Andrea; Zaffagnini, Stefano; De Paolis, Massimiliano. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 2077-0383. - ELETTRONICO. - 12:20(2023), pp. 6679.1-6679.16. [10.3390/jcm12206679]
Fiore, Michele; Sambri, Andrea; Morante, Lorenzo; Bortoli, Marta; Parisi, Stefania Claudia; Panzavolta, Francesco; Alesi, Domenico; Neri, Elisabetta; Neri, Maria Pia; Tedeschi, Sara; Zamparini, Eleonora; Cevolani, Luca; Donati, Davide Maria; Viale, Pierluigi; Campanacci, Domenico Andrea; Zaffagnini, Stefano; De Paolis, Massimiliano
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/955662
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