Vector or reservoir species of three diseases of crustaceans listed in the Animal Health Law were identified based on evidence generated through an extensive literature review, to support a possible updating of Regulation (EU) 2018/1882. Crustacean species on or in which Taura syndrome virus (TSV), Yellow head virus (YHV) or White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) were identified, in the field or during experiments, were classified as reservoir species with different levels of certainty depending on the diagnostic tests used. Where experimental evidence indicated transmission of the pathogen from a studied species to another known susceptible species, the studied species was classified as vector species. Although the quantification of the risk of spread of the pathogens by the vectors or reservoir species was not part of the terms of reference, such risks do exist for the vector species, since transmission from infected vector species to susceptible species was proven. Where evidence for transmission from infected crustaceans was not found, these were defined as reservoirs. Nonetheless, the risk of the spread of the pathogens from infected reservoir species cannot be excluded. Evidence identifying conditions that may prevent transmission by vectors during transport was collected from scientific literature. It was concluded that it is very likely to almost certain (90-100%) that WSSV, TSV and YHV will remain infective at any possible transport condition. Therefore, vector or reservoir species that may have been exposed to these pathogens in an affected area in the wild or aquaculture establishments or by water supply can possibly transmit WSSV, TSV and YHV.

Species which may act as vectors or reservoirs of diseases covered by the Animal Health Law: Listed pathogens of crustaceans / Nielsen S.S.; Alvarez J.; Bicout D.; Calistri P.; Canali E.; Drewe J.A.; Garin-Bastuji B.; Gonzales Rojas J.L.; Smith C.G.; Herskin M.; Michel V.; Miranda Chueca M.A.; Padalino B.; Spoolder H.; Stahl K.; Velarde A.; Viltrop A.; Winckler C.; Arzul I.; Dharmaveer S.; Olesen N.J.; Schiott M.; Sindre H.; Stone D.; Vendramin N.; Alemu S.; Antoniou S.-E.; Aznar I.; Barizzone F.; Dhollander S.; Gnocchi M.; Karagianni A.E.; Kero L.L.; Munoz Guajardo I.P.; Roberts H.. - In: EFSA JOURNAL. - ISSN 1831-4732. - ELETTRONICO. - 21:8(2023), pp. e08172.1-e08172.33. [10.2903/j.efsa.2023.8172]

Species which may act as vectors or reservoirs of diseases covered by the Animal Health Law: Listed pathogens of crustaceans

Padalino B.;
2023

Abstract

Vector or reservoir species of three diseases of crustaceans listed in the Animal Health Law were identified based on evidence generated through an extensive literature review, to support a possible updating of Regulation (EU) 2018/1882. Crustacean species on or in which Taura syndrome virus (TSV), Yellow head virus (YHV) or White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) were identified, in the field or during experiments, were classified as reservoir species with different levels of certainty depending on the diagnostic tests used. Where experimental evidence indicated transmission of the pathogen from a studied species to another known susceptible species, the studied species was classified as vector species. Although the quantification of the risk of spread of the pathogens by the vectors or reservoir species was not part of the terms of reference, such risks do exist for the vector species, since transmission from infected vector species to susceptible species was proven. Where evidence for transmission from infected crustaceans was not found, these were defined as reservoirs. Nonetheless, the risk of the spread of the pathogens from infected reservoir species cannot be excluded. Evidence identifying conditions that may prevent transmission by vectors during transport was collected from scientific literature. It was concluded that it is very likely to almost certain (90-100%) that WSSV, TSV and YHV will remain infective at any possible transport condition. Therefore, vector or reservoir species that may have been exposed to these pathogens in an affected area in the wild or aquaculture establishments or by water supply can possibly transmit WSSV, TSV and YHV.
2023
Species which may act as vectors or reservoirs of diseases covered by the Animal Health Law: Listed pathogens of crustaceans / Nielsen S.S.; Alvarez J.; Bicout D.; Calistri P.; Canali E.; Drewe J.A.; Garin-Bastuji B.; Gonzales Rojas J.L.; Smith C.G.; Herskin M.; Michel V.; Miranda Chueca M.A.; Padalino B.; Spoolder H.; Stahl K.; Velarde A.; Viltrop A.; Winckler C.; Arzul I.; Dharmaveer S.; Olesen N.J.; Schiott M.; Sindre H.; Stone D.; Vendramin N.; Alemu S.; Antoniou S.-E.; Aznar I.; Barizzone F.; Dhollander S.; Gnocchi M.; Karagianni A.E.; Kero L.L.; Munoz Guajardo I.P.; Roberts H.. - In: EFSA JOURNAL. - ISSN 1831-4732. - ELETTRONICO. - 21:8(2023), pp. e08172.1-e08172.33. [10.2903/j.efsa.2023.8172]
Nielsen S.S.; Alvarez J.; Bicout D.; Calistri P.; Canali E.; Drewe J.A.; Garin-Bastuji B.; Gonzales Rojas J.L.; Smith C.G.; Herskin M.; Michel V.; Miranda Chueca M.A.; Padalino B.; Spoolder H.; Stahl K.; Velarde A.; Viltrop A.; Winckler C.; Arzul I.; Dharmaveer S.; Olesen N.J.; Schiott M.; Sindre H.; Stone D.; Vendramin N.; Alemu S.; Antoniou S.-E.; Aznar I.; Barizzone F.; Dhollander S.; Gnocchi M.; Karagianni A.E.; Kero L.L.; Munoz Guajardo I.P.; Roberts H.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/955539
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