: Peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) is highly aggressive in dogs and demonstrates a poor response to traditional chemotherapy. The aim of this retrospective study was to assess the prognostic significance of peripheral blood (PB) and bone marrow (BM) infiltration evaluated by flow cytometry (FC) in dogs with treatment-naïve and histologically confirmed PTCL. To be included, dogs had to undergo complete staging, including FC on lymph nodes, PB and BM samples. Additionally, dogs had to receive an alkylating-rich protocol and have a complete follow-up. Treatment response was evaluated based on RECIST criteria at each chemotherapy session, and the end-staging was conducted at the completion of treatment. Endpoints were time to progression (TTP) and lymphoma-specific survival (LSS). The relationship between TTP/LSS and the percentage of PB and BM infiltration, categorized as > 1%, > 3%, > 5%, > 10%, > 15% and > 20% was investigated. Fifty dogs were included: based on imaging and FC, 78.0% had stage 5 disease, 14.0% had stage 4, 6.0% had stage 3 and 2.0% had stage 1. By multivariable analysis, the CD4-negative phenotype was the only factor associated with a shorter TTP (P = 0.049), while BM infiltration was significantly associated with LSS (P = 0.037). Dogs with BM infiltration > 5% had shorter median LSS (114 days; 95%CI: 0-240) compared to dogs with BM infiltration ≤ 5% (178 days; 95%CI: 145-211). Lack of complete response (P = 0.039) and administration of corticosteroids before chemotherapy (P = 0.026) also significantly worsened LSS. BM flow cytometric evaluation could be considered an essential part of staging work-up for dogs with PTCL and has prognostic relevance.

Prognostic value of peripheral blood and bone marrow infiltration assessed by flow cytometry in dogs with de novo nodal peripheral T-cell lymphoma receiving alkylating-rich chemotherapy

Marconato, L;Agnoli, C;Gamberini, L;Sabattini, S
2024

Abstract

: Peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) is highly aggressive in dogs and demonstrates a poor response to traditional chemotherapy. The aim of this retrospective study was to assess the prognostic significance of peripheral blood (PB) and bone marrow (BM) infiltration evaluated by flow cytometry (FC) in dogs with treatment-naïve and histologically confirmed PTCL. To be included, dogs had to undergo complete staging, including FC on lymph nodes, PB and BM samples. Additionally, dogs had to receive an alkylating-rich protocol and have a complete follow-up. Treatment response was evaluated based on RECIST criteria at each chemotherapy session, and the end-staging was conducted at the completion of treatment. Endpoints were time to progression (TTP) and lymphoma-specific survival (LSS). The relationship between TTP/LSS and the percentage of PB and BM infiltration, categorized as > 1%, > 3%, > 5%, > 10%, > 15% and > 20% was investigated. Fifty dogs were included: based on imaging and FC, 78.0% had stage 5 disease, 14.0% had stage 4, 6.0% had stage 3 and 2.0% had stage 1. By multivariable analysis, the CD4-negative phenotype was the only factor associated with a shorter TTP (P = 0.049), while BM infiltration was significantly associated with LSS (P = 0.037). Dogs with BM infiltration > 5% had shorter median LSS (114 days; 95%CI: 0-240) compared to dogs with BM infiltration ≤ 5% (178 days; 95%CI: 145-211). Lack of complete response (P = 0.039) and administration of corticosteroids before chemotherapy (P = 0.026) also significantly worsened LSS. BM flow cytometric evaluation could be considered an essential part of staging work-up for dogs with PTCL and has prognostic relevance.
2024
Marconato, L; Comazzi, S; Agnoli, C; Aresu, L; Stefanello, D; Riondato, F; Gamberini, L; Sabattini, S
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/954533
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