Large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) is a rare and aggressive high-grade neuroendocrine tumor, commonly arising in the lung or in the gastrointestinal tract, with a frequent proportion of unknown primary origin (20%). In the metastatic setting, platinum-based or fluoropyrimidine-based chemotherapeutic regimens are as considered the first-line treatment, despite the limited duration of response. To date, the prognosis of advanced high-grade neuroendocrine carcinoma remains poor, suggesting the need to explore new treatment strategies in this orphan tumor. The evolving molecular landscape of LCNEC, not yet been completely defined, could explain the heterogeneous response to different chemotherapeutic regimens and suggest that treatment strategy could be driven by molecular features. v-Raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homolog B (BRAF) mutations, well described in melanoma, thyroid cancer, colon cancer and lung adenocarcinoma, account for approximately 2% of cases in lung LCNEC. Here, we describe the case of a patient with a BRAF V600E-mutated LCNEC of unknown primary origin who partially responded to BRAF/mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase inhibitors after standard treatment. Additionally, BRAF V600E circulating tumor DNA was used to monitor disease response. Thereafter, we reviewed the available literature about the role of targeted therapy in high-grade neuroendocrine neoplasms to provide insight for future research to identify patients with driver oncogenic mutations, who can potentially benefit from target therapy.

Ricco G., Seminerio R., Andrini E., Malvi D., Gruppioni E., Altimari A., et al. (2023). BRAF V600E-mutated large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma responding to targeted therapy: A case report and review of the literature. ANTI-CANCER DRUGS, 34(10), 1076-1084 [10.1097/CAD.0000000000001508].

BRAF V600E-mutated large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma responding to targeted therapy: A case report and review of the literature

Ricco G.
Primo
;
Seminerio R.;Andrini E.
;
Campana D.
Penultimo
;
Lamberti G.
Ultimo
2023

Abstract

Large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) is a rare and aggressive high-grade neuroendocrine tumor, commonly arising in the lung or in the gastrointestinal tract, with a frequent proportion of unknown primary origin (20%). In the metastatic setting, platinum-based or fluoropyrimidine-based chemotherapeutic regimens are as considered the first-line treatment, despite the limited duration of response. To date, the prognosis of advanced high-grade neuroendocrine carcinoma remains poor, suggesting the need to explore new treatment strategies in this orphan tumor. The evolving molecular landscape of LCNEC, not yet been completely defined, could explain the heterogeneous response to different chemotherapeutic regimens and suggest that treatment strategy could be driven by molecular features. v-Raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homolog B (BRAF) mutations, well described in melanoma, thyroid cancer, colon cancer and lung adenocarcinoma, account for approximately 2% of cases in lung LCNEC. Here, we describe the case of a patient with a BRAF V600E-mutated LCNEC of unknown primary origin who partially responded to BRAF/mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase inhibitors after standard treatment. Additionally, BRAF V600E circulating tumor DNA was used to monitor disease response. Thereafter, we reviewed the available literature about the role of targeted therapy in high-grade neuroendocrine neoplasms to provide insight for future research to identify patients with driver oncogenic mutations, who can potentially benefit from target therapy.
2023
Ricco G., Seminerio R., Andrini E., Malvi D., Gruppioni E., Altimari A., et al. (2023). BRAF V600E-mutated large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma responding to targeted therapy: A case report and review of the literature. ANTI-CANCER DRUGS, 34(10), 1076-1084 [10.1097/CAD.0000000000001508].
Ricco G.; Seminerio R.; Andrini E.; Malvi D.; Gruppioni E.; Altimari A.; Zagnoni S.; Campana D.; Lamberti G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/954448
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