Background:The role of meniscal lesions and repair in combination with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and reconstruction has not been extensively investigated in vivo and under weightbearing conditions. Purpose:The purposes of this study were to (1) compare the in vivo knee kinematics between patients with ACL tear and those with combined ACL and medial meniscal tears and (2) investigate kinematic differences between isolated ACL reconstruction and ACL reconstruction plus medial meniscal repair (MR). It was hypothesized that concomitant posterior horn medial meniscal tear and ACL deficiency would affect knee internal-external rotation and anterior-posterior translation but MR would restore these parameters. Study Design:Controlled laboratory study. Methods:Nineteen patients who underwent ACL reconstruction were included: 10 had intact menisci (IM group) and 9 had a medial meniscal injury that was repaired during ACL reconstruction using an all-inside technique (MR group). Preoperatively and 18 months postoperatively, active knee kinematics under weightbearing conditions was evaluated during a single-leg squat using a dynamic biplane x-ray imaging system. The general linear model was used to investigate the differences between group (IM vs MR) and time (preoperative vs follow-up) and their interactions. Results:Tibial internal rotation was higher in the MR group than the IM group both before and after surgery (P = .007). Knee valgus rotation was higher in the MR group preoperatively (P < .001), while no differences were found postoperatively because of an increase of valgus rotation in the IM group, which was significant in the descendant phase (P < .001). Preoperatively, the IM group showed a more medial tibial translation compared with the MR group in the descendant phase (P = .006). Conclusion:When performing a single-leg squat, patients with ACL-deficient knees and a medial meniscal tear demonstrated a more valgus rotation, tibial internal rotation, and lateral tibial translation versus those with intact menisci. After ACL reconstruction and MR, these patients demonstrated significantly higher tibial internal rotation when compared with patients who underwent isolated ACL reconstruction.

Medial Meniscal Posterior Horn Suturing Influences Tibial Internal-External Rotation in ACL-Reconstructed Knees / Grassi, Alberto; Agostinone, Piero; Paolo, Stefano Di; Lucidi, Gian Andrea; Pinelli, Erika; Marchiori, Gregorio; Bontempi, Marco; Bragonzoni, Laura; Zaffagnini, Stefano. - In: ORTHOPAEDIC JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE. - ISSN 2325-9671. - ELETTRONICO. - 11:7(2023), pp. 23259671231177596.7-23259671231177596.17. [10.1177/23259671231177596]

Medial Meniscal Posterior Horn Suturing Influences Tibial Internal-External Rotation in ACL-Reconstructed Knees

Grassi, Alberto;Agostinone, Piero;Paolo, Stefano Di;Lucidi, Gian Andrea;Pinelli, Erika;Bontempi, Marco;Bragonzoni, Laura;Zaffagnini, Stefano
2023

Abstract

Background:The role of meniscal lesions and repair in combination with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and reconstruction has not been extensively investigated in vivo and under weightbearing conditions. Purpose:The purposes of this study were to (1) compare the in vivo knee kinematics between patients with ACL tear and those with combined ACL and medial meniscal tears and (2) investigate kinematic differences between isolated ACL reconstruction and ACL reconstruction plus medial meniscal repair (MR). It was hypothesized that concomitant posterior horn medial meniscal tear and ACL deficiency would affect knee internal-external rotation and anterior-posterior translation but MR would restore these parameters. Study Design:Controlled laboratory study. Methods:Nineteen patients who underwent ACL reconstruction were included: 10 had intact menisci (IM group) and 9 had a medial meniscal injury that was repaired during ACL reconstruction using an all-inside technique (MR group). Preoperatively and 18 months postoperatively, active knee kinematics under weightbearing conditions was evaluated during a single-leg squat using a dynamic biplane x-ray imaging system. The general linear model was used to investigate the differences between group (IM vs MR) and time (preoperative vs follow-up) and their interactions. Results:Tibial internal rotation was higher in the MR group than the IM group both before and after surgery (P = .007). Knee valgus rotation was higher in the MR group preoperatively (P < .001), while no differences were found postoperatively because of an increase of valgus rotation in the IM group, which was significant in the descendant phase (P < .001). Preoperatively, the IM group showed a more medial tibial translation compared with the MR group in the descendant phase (P = .006). Conclusion:When performing a single-leg squat, patients with ACL-deficient knees and a medial meniscal tear demonstrated a more valgus rotation, tibial internal rotation, and lateral tibial translation versus those with intact menisci. After ACL reconstruction and MR, these patients demonstrated significantly higher tibial internal rotation when compared with patients who underwent isolated ACL reconstruction.
2023
Medial Meniscal Posterior Horn Suturing Influences Tibial Internal-External Rotation in ACL-Reconstructed Knees / Grassi, Alberto; Agostinone, Piero; Paolo, Stefano Di; Lucidi, Gian Andrea; Pinelli, Erika; Marchiori, Gregorio; Bontempi, Marco; Bragonzoni, Laura; Zaffagnini, Stefano. - In: ORTHOPAEDIC JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE. - ISSN 2325-9671. - ELETTRONICO. - 11:7(2023), pp. 23259671231177596.7-23259671231177596.17. [10.1177/23259671231177596]
Grassi, Alberto; Agostinone, Piero; Paolo, Stefano Di; Lucidi, Gian Andrea; Pinelli, Erika; Marchiori, Gregorio; Bontempi, Marco; Bragonzoni, Laura; Zaffagnini, Stefano
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/954191
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