Background: Few studies explored the effect of the combination of glucose sodium-cotransporter-2 inhibitors (SGLT-2i) and glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RA) on the incidence of cardiovascular events in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Methods: We recruited patients with T2D and AMI undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention, treated with either SGLT-2i or GLP-1RA for at least 3 months before hospitalization. Subjects with HbA1c < 7% at admission were considered in good glycemic control and maintained the same glucose-lowering regimen, while those with poor glycemic control (HbA1c ≥ 7%), at admission or during follow-up, were prescribed either a SGLT-2i or a GLP-1RA to obtain a SGLT-2i/GLP-1RA combination therapy. The primary outcome was the incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) defined as cardiovascular death, re-acute coronary syndrome, and heart failure related to AMI during a 2-year follow-up. After 3 months, the myocardial salvage index (MSI) was assessed by single-photon emission computed tomography. Findings: Of the 537 subjects screened, 443 completed the follow-up. Of these, 99 were treated with SGLT-2i, 130 with GLP-1RA, and 214 with their combination. The incidence of MACE was lower in the combination therapy group compared with both SGLT-2i and GLP-1RA treated patients, as assessed by multivariable Cox regression analysis adjusted for cardiovascular risk factors (HR = 0.154, 95% CI 0.038-0.622, P = 0.009 vs GLP-1RA and HR = 0.170, 95% CI 0.046-0.633, P = 0.008 vs SGLT-2i). The MSI and the proportion of patients with MSI > 50% was higher in the SGLT-2i/GLP-1RA group compared with both SGLT-2i and GLP-1RA groups. Interpretation: The combination of SGLT-2i and GLP-1RA is associated with a reduced incidence of cardiovascular events in patients with T2D and AMI compared with either drug used alone, with a significant effect also on peri-infarcted myocardial rescue in patients without a second event. Trial registraition ClinicalTrials.gov ID: NCT06017544.

Marfella R., Prattichizzo F., Sardu C., Rambaldi P.F., Fumagalli C., Marfella L.V., et al. (2024). GLP-1 receptor agonists-SGLT-2 inhibitors combination therapy and cardiovascular events after acute myocardial infarction: an observational study in patients with type 2 diabetes. CARDIOVASCULAR DIABETOLOGY, 23(1), 10-18 [10.1186/s12933-023-02118-6].

GLP-1 receptor agonists-SGLT-2 inhibitors combination therapy and cardiovascular events after acute myocardial infarction: an observational study in patients with type 2 diabetes

Pizzi Carmine.;
2024

Abstract

Background: Few studies explored the effect of the combination of glucose sodium-cotransporter-2 inhibitors (SGLT-2i) and glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RA) on the incidence of cardiovascular events in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Methods: We recruited patients with T2D and AMI undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention, treated with either SGLT-2i or GLP-1RA for at least 3 months before hospitalization. Subjects with HbA1c < 7% at admission were considered in good glycemic control and maintained the same glucose-lowering regimen, while those with poor glycemic control (HbA1c ≥ 7%), at admission or during follow-up, were prescribed either a SGLT-2i or a GLP-1RA to obtain a SGLT-2i/GLP-1RA combination therapy. The primary outcome was the incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) defined as cardiovascular death, re-acute coronary syndrome, and heart failure related to AMI during a 2-year follow-up. After 3 months, the myocardial salvage index (MSI) was assessed by single-photon emission computed tomography. Findings: Of the 537 subjects screened, 443 completed the follow-up. Of these, 99 were treated with SGLT-2i, 130 with GLP-1RA, and 214 with their combination. The incidence of MACE was lower in the combination therapy group compared with both SGLT-2i and GLP-1RA treated patients, as assessed by multivariable Cox regression analysis adjusted for cardiovascular risk factors (HR = 0.154, 95% CI 0.038-0.622, P = 0.009 vs GLP-1RA and HR = 0.170, 95% CI 0.046-0.633, P = 0.008 vs SGLT-2i). The MSI and the proportion of patients with MSI > 50% was higher in the SGLT-2i/GLP-1RA group compared with both SGLT-2i and GLP-1RA groups. Interpretation: The combination of SGLT-2i and GLP-1RA is associated with a reduced incidence of cardiovascular events in patients with T2D and AMI compared with either drug used alone, with a significant effect also on peri-infarcted myocardial rescue in patients without a second event. Trial registraition ClinicalTrials.gov ID: NCT06017544.
2024
Marfella R., Prattichizzo F., Sardu C., Rambaldi P.F., Fumagalli C., Marfella L.V., et al. (2024). GLP-1 receptor agonists-SGLT-2 inhibitors combination therapy and cardiovascular events after acute myocardial infarction: an observational study in patients with type 2 diabetes. CARDIOVASCULAR DIABETOLOGY, 23(1), 10-18 [10.1186/s12933-023-02118-6].
Marfella R.; Prattichizzo F.; Sardu C.; Rambaldi P.F.; Fumagalli C.; Marfella L.V.; La Grotta R.; Frigé C.; Pellegrini V.; D’Andrea D.; Cesaro A.; Cal...espandi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/953224
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