Lipid peroxidation (LP) is the most important type of oxidative-radical damage in biological systems, owing to its interplay with ferroptosis and to its role in secondary damage to other biomolecules, such as proteins. The chemistry of LP and its biological consequences are reviewed with focus on the kinetics of the various processes, which helps understand the mechanisms and efficacy of antioxidant strategies. The main types of antioxidants are discussed in terms of structure–activity rationalization, with focus on mechanism and kinetics, as well as on their potential role in modulating ferroptosis. Phenols, pyri(mi)dinols, antioxidants based on heavy chalcogens (Se and Te), diarylamines, ascorbate and others are addressed, along with the latest unconventional antioxidant strategies based on the double-sided role of the superoxide/hydroperoxyl radical system.

Lipid Peroxidation and Antioxidant Protection / Valgimigli L.. - In: BIOMOLECULES. - ISSN 2218-273X. - ELETTRONICO. - 13:9(2023), pp. 1291.1-1291.33. [10.3390/biom13091291]

Lipid Peroxidation and Antioxidant Protection

Valgimigli L.
2023

Abstract

Lipid peroxidation (LP) is the most important type of oxidative-radical damage in biological systems, owing to its interplay with ferroptosis and to its role in secondary damage to other biomolecules, such as proteins. The chemistry of LP and its biological consequences are reviewed with focus on the kinetics of the various processes, which helps understand the mechanisms and efficacy of antioxidant strategies. The main types of antioxidants are discussed in terms of structure–activity rationalization, with focus on mechanism and kinetics, as well as on their potential role in modulating ferroptosis. Phenols, pyri(mi)dinols, antioxidants based on heavy chalcogens (Se and Te), diarylamines, ascorbate and others are addressed, along with the latest unconventional antioxidant strategies based on the double-sided role of the superoxide/hydroperoxyl radical system.
2023
Lipid Peroxidation and Antioxidant Protection / Valgimigli L.. - In: BIOMOLECULES. - ISSN 2218-273X. - ELETTRONICO. - 13:9(2023), pp. 1291.1-1291.33. [10.3390/biom13091291]
Valgimigli L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/952535
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