The possibility of obtaining cocrystals of kojic acid with organic coformers has been investigated by both computational and experimental approaches. Cocrystallization attempts have been carried out with about 50 coformers, in different stoichiometric ratios, by solution, slurry, and mechanochemical methods. Cocrystals were obtained with 3-hydroxybenzoic acid, imidazole, 4-pyridone, DABCO, and urotropine, while piperazine yielded a salt with the kojiate anion; cocrystallization with theophylline and 4-aminopyridine resulted in stoichiometric crystalline complexes that could not be described with certainty as cocrystals or salts. In the cases of panthenol, nicotinamide, urea, and salicylic acid the eutectic systems with kojic acid were investigated via differential scanning calorimetry. In all other preparations the resulting materials were constituted of a mixture of the reactants. All compounds were investigated by powder X-ray diffraction; the five cocrystals and the salt were fully characterized via single crystal X-ray diffraction. The stability of the cocrystals and the intermolecular interactions in all characterized compounds have been investigated by computational methods based on the electronic structure and pairwise energy calculations, respectively.

Searching for Suitable Kojic Acid Coformers: From Cocrystals and Salt to Eutectics / Sun, Renren; Braun, Doris E; Casali, Lucia; Braga, Dario; Grepioni, Fabrizia. - In: CRYSTAL GROWTH & DESIGN. - ISSN 1528-7483. - ELETTRONICO. - 23:3(2023), pp. 1874-1887. [10.1021/acs.cgd.2c01364]

Searching for Suitable Kojic Acid Coformers: From Cocrystals and Salt to Eutectics

Braga, Dario;Grepioni, Fabrizia
2023

Abstract

The possibility of obtaining cocrystals of kojic acid with organic coformers has been investigated by both computational and experimental approaches. Cocrystallization attempts have been carried out with about 50 coformers, in different stoichiometric ratios, by solution, slurry, and mechanochemical methods. Cocrystals were obtained with 3-hydroxybenzoic acid, imidazole, 4-pyridone, DABCO, and urotropine, while piperazine yielded a salt with the kojiate anion; cocrystallization with theophylline and 4-aminopyridine resulted in stoichiometric crystalline complexes that could not be described with certainty as cocrystals or salts. In the cases of panthenol, nicotinamide, urea, and salicylic acid the eutectic systems with kojic acid were investigated via differential scanning calorimetry. In all other preparations the resulting materials were constituted of a mixture of the reactants. All compounds were investigated by powder X-ray diffraction; the five cocrystals and the salt were fully characterized via single crystal X-ray diffraction. The stability of the cocrystals and the intermolecular interactions in all characterized compounds have been investigated by computational methods based on the electronic structure and pairwise energy calculations, respectively.
2023
Searching for Suitable Kojic Acid Coformers: From Cocrystals and Salt to Eutectics / Sun, Renren; Braun, Doris E; Casali, Lucia; Braga, Dario; Grepioni, Fabrizia. - In: CRYSTAL GROWTH & DESIGN. - ISSN 1528-7483. - ELETTRONICO. - 23:3(2023), pp. 1874-1887. [10.1021/acs.cgd.2c01364]
Sun, Renren; Braun, Doris E; Casali, Lucia; Braga, Dario; Grepioni, Fabrizia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/952532
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