Introduction: Visual perception is a complex process that involves the analysis of different spatial and temporal features of the visual environment. One critical aspect of this process is adaptation, which allows the visual system to adjust its sensitivity to specific features based on the context of the environment. Numerous theories highlight the significance of the visual scene and its spectral properties in perceptual and adaptation mechanisms. For example, size perception is known to be influenced by the spatial frequency content of the visual scene. Nonetheless, several inquiries still exist, including how specific spectral properties of the scene play a role in size perception and adaptation mechanisms. Methods: In this study, we explore aftereffects on size perception following adaptation to a natural scene with a biased spectral amplitude distribution. Twenty participants had to manually estimate the horizontal size of a projected rectangle after adaptation to three visually biased conditions: vertical-biased, non-biased, and horizontal-biased. Size adaptation aftereffects were quantified by comparing the perceptual responses from the non-biased condition with the vertical- and horizontal-biased conditions. Results: We found size perception shifts which were contingent upon the specific orientation and spatial frequency distribution inherent in the amplitude spectra of the adaptation stimuli. Particularly, adaptation to vertical-biased produced a horizontal enlargement, while adaptation to horizontal-biased generated a decrease in the horizontal size perception of the rectangle. On average, size perception was modulated by 5–6%. Discussion: These findings provide supporting evidence for the hypothesis that the neural mechanisms responsible for processing spatial frequency channels are involved in the encoding and perception of size information. The implications for neural mechanisms underlying spatial frequency and size information encoding are discussed.

Biases in the spectral amplitude distribution of a natural scene modulate horizontal size perception

Bosco, Annalisa
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Fattori, Patrizia
Penultimo
Writing – Review & Editing
;
2023

Abstract

Introduction: Visual perception is a complex process that involves the analysis of different spatial and temporal features of the visual environment. One critical aspect of this process is adaptation, which allows the visual system to adjust its sensitivity to specific features based on the context of the environment. Numerous theories highlight the significance of the visual scene and its spectral properties in perceptual and adaptation mechanisms. For example, size perception is known to be influenced by the spatial frequency content of the visual scene. Nonetheless, several inquiries still exist, including how specific spectral properties of the scene play a role in size perception and adaptation mechanisms. Methods: In this study, we explore aftereffects on size perception following adaptation to a natural scene with a biased spectral amplitude distribution. Twenty participants had to manually estimate the horizontal size of a projected rectangle after adaptation to three visually biased conditions: vertical-biased, non-biased, and horizontal-biased. Size adaptation aftereffects were quantified by comparing the perceptual responses from the non-biased condition with the vertical- and horizontal-biased conditions. Results: We found size perception shifts which were contingent upon the specific orientation and spatial frequency distribution inherent in the amplitude spectra of the adaptation stimuli. Particularly, adaptation to vertical-biased produced a horizontal enlargement, while adaptation to horizontal-biased generated a decrease in the horizontal size perception of the rectangle. On average, size perception was modulated by 5–6%. Discussion: These findings provide supporting evidence for the hypothesis that the neural mechanisms responsible for processing spatial frequency channels are involved in the encoding and perception of size information. The implications for neural mechanisms underlying spatial frequency and size information encoding are discussed.
2023
Sanz Diez, Pablo; Gisbert, Sandra; Bosco, Annalisa; Fattori, Patrizia; Wahl, Siegfried
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/950986
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