In the brain, cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) are critical for neurite outgrowth, axonal fasciculation, neuronal survival and migration, and synapse formation and maintenance. Among CAMs, the IgLON family comprises five members: Opioid Binding Protein/Cell Adhesion Molecule Like (OPCML or OBCAM), Limbic System Associated Membrane Protein (LSAMP), neurotrimin (NTM), Neuronal Growth Regulator 1 (NEGR1), and IgLON5. IgLONs exhibit three N-terminal C2 immunoglobulin domains; several glycosylation sites; and a glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchoring to the membrane. Interactions as homo- or heterodimers in cis and in trans, as well as binding to other molecules, appear critical for their functions. Shedding by metalloproteases generates soluble factors interacting with cellular receptors and activating signal transduction. The aim of this review was to analyse the available data implicating a role for IgLONs in neuropsychiatric disorders. Starting from the identification of a pathological role for antibodies against IgLON5 in an autoimmune neurodegenerative disease with a poorly understood mechanism of action, accumulating evidence links IgLONs to neuropsychiatric disorders, albeit with still undefined mechanisms which will require future thorough investigations.

The Role of IgLON Cell Adhesion Molecules in Neurodegenerative Diseases / Salluzzo M.; Vianello C.; Abdullatef S.; Rimondini R.; Piccoli G.; Carboni L.. - In: GENES. - ISSN 2073-4425. - ELETTRONICO. - 14:10(2023), pp. 1886.1-1886.20. [10.3390/genes14101886]

The Role of IgLON Cell Adhesion Molecules in Neurodegenerative Diseases

Salluzzo M.;Vianello C.;Rimondini R.;Carboni L.
2023

Abstract

In the brain, cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) are critical for neurite outgrowth, axonal fasciculation, neuronal survival and migration, and synapse formation and maintenance. Among CAMs, the IgLON family comprises five members: Opioid Binding Protein/Cell Adhesion Molecule Like (OPCML or OBCAM), Limbic System Associated Membrane Protein (LSAMP), neurotrimin (NTM), Neuronal Growth Regulator 1 (NEGR1), and IgLON5. IgLONs exhibit three N-terminal C2 immunoglobulin domains; several glycosylation sites; and a glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchoring to the membrane. Interactions as homo- or heterodimers in cis and in trans, as well as binding to other molecules, appear critical for their functions. Shedding by metalloproteases generates soluble factors interacting with cellular receptors and activating signal transduction. The aim of this review was to analyse the available data implicating a role for IgLONs in neuropsychiatric disorders. Starting from the identification of a pathological role for antibodies against IgLON5 in an autoimmune neurodegenerative disease with a poorly understood mechanism of action, accumulating evidence links IgLONs to neuropsychiatric disorders, albeit with still undefined mechanisms which will require future thorough investigations.
2023
The Role of IgLON Cell Adhesion Molecules in Neurodegenerative Diseases / Salluzzo M.; Vianello C.; Abdullatef S.; Rimondini R.; Piccoli G.; Carboni L.. - In: GENES. - ISSN 2073-4425. - ELETTRONICO. - 14:10(2023), pp. 1886.1-1886.20. [10.3390/genes14101886]
Salluzzo M.; Vianello C.; Abdullatef S.; Rimondini R.; Piccoli G.; Carboni L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/950967
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