Errors in choice tasks are not only detected fast and reliably, participants often report that they knew that an error occurred already before a response was produced. These early error sensations stand in contrast with evidence suggesting that the earliest neural correlates of error awareness emerge around 300 ms after erroneous responses. The present study aimed to investigate whether anecdotal evidence for early error sensations can be corroborated in a controlled study in which participants provide metacognitive judgments on the subjective timing of error awareness. In Experiment 1, participants had to report whether they became aware of their errors before or after the response. In Experiment 2, we measured confidence in these metacognitive judgments. Our data show that participants report early error sensations with high confidence in the majority of error trials across paradigms and experiments. These results provide first evidence for early error sensations, informing theories of error awareness.

Are errors detected before they occur? Early error sensations revealed by metacognitive judgments on the timing of error awareness / Di Gregorio F.; Maier M.E.; Steinhauser M.. - In: CONSCIOUSNESS AND COGNITION. - ISSN 1053-8100. - STAMPA. - 77:(2020), pp. 102857.1-102857.14. [10.1016/j.concog.2019.102857]

Are errors detected before they occur? Early error sensations revealed by metacognitive judgments on the timing of error awareness

Di Gregorio F.
Primo
;
2020

Abstract

Errors in choice tasks are not only detected fast and reliably, participants often report that they knew that an error occurred already before a response was produced. These early error sensations stand in contrast with evidence suggesting that the earliest neural correlates of error awareness emerge around 300 ms after erroneous responses. The present study aimed to investigate whether anecdotal evidence for early error sensations can be corroborated in a controlled study in which participants provide metacognitive judgments on the subjective timing of error awareness. In Experiment 1, participants had to report whether they became aware of their errors before or after the response. In Experiment 2, we measured confidence in these metacognitive judgments. Our data show that participants report early error sensations with high confidence in the majority of error trials across paradigms and experiments. These results provide first evidence for early error sensations, informing theories of error awareness.
2020
Are errors detected before they occur? Early error sensations revealed by metacognitive judgments on the timing of error awareness / Di Gregorio F.; Maier M.E.; Steinhauser M.. - In: CONSCIOUSNESS AND COGNITION. - ISSN 1053-8100. - STAMPA. - 77:(2020), pp. 102857.1-102857.14. [10.1016/j.concog.2019.102857]
Di Gregorio F.; Maier M.E.; Steinhauser M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/950421
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