Since the first SARS-CoV-2 outbreak, mutations such as single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and insertion/deletions (INDELs) have changed and characterized the viral genome sequence, structure and protein folding leading to the onset of new variants. The presence of those alterations challenges not only the clinical field but also the diagnostic demand due to failures in gene detection or incompleteness of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) results. In particular, the analysis of understudied genes such as N and the investigation through whole-genome next generation sequencing (WG-NGS) of regions more prone to mutate can help in the identification of new or reacquired mutations, with the aim of designing robust and long-lasting primers. In 48 samples of SARS-CoV-2 (including Alpha, Delta and Omicron variants), a lack of N gene amplification was observed in the genomes analyzed through WG-NGS. Three gene regions were detected hosting the highest number of SNPs and INDELs. In several cases, the latter can interfere deeply with both the sensitivity of diagnostic methodologies and the final protein folding. The monitoring over time of the viral evolution and the reacquisition among different variants of the same mutations or different alterations within the same genomic positions can be relevant to avoid unnecessary consumption of resources.

Genomic and Temporal Analysis of Deletions Correlated to qRT-PCR Dropout in N Gene in Alpha, Delta and Omicron Variants / Gatti, Giulia; Brandolini, Martina; Mancini, Andrea; Taddei, Francesca; Zannoli, Silvia; Dirani, Giorgio; Manera, Martina; Arfilli, Valentina; Denicolò, Agnese; Marzucco, Anna; Montanari, Maria Sofia; Zaghi, Irene; Guerra, Massimiliano; Tennina, Rita; Marino, Maria Michela; Grumiro, Laura; Cricca, Monica; Sambri, Vittorio. - In: VIRUSES. - ISSN 1999-4915. - STAMPA. - 15:8(2023), pp. 1-13. [10.3390/v15081630]

Genomic and Temporal Analysis of Deletions Correlated to qRT-PCR Dropout in N Gene in Alpha, Delta and Omicron Variants

Gatti, Giulia;Brandolini, Martina;Taddei, Francesca;Dirani, Giorgio;Arfilli, Valentina;Marzucco, Anna;Zaghi, Irene;Grumiro, Laura;Cricca, Monica;Sambri, Vittorio
2023

Abstract

Since the first SARS-CoV-2 outbreak, mutations such as single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and insertion/deletions (INDELs) have changed and characterized the viral genome sequence, structure and protein folding leading to the onset of new variants. The presence of those alterations challenges not only the clinical field but also the diagnostic demand due to failures in gene detection or incompleteness of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) results. In particular, the analysis of understudied genes such as N and the investigation through whole-genome next generation sequencing (WG-NGS) of regions more prone to mutate can help in the identification of new or reacquired mutations, with the aim of designing robust and long-lasting primers. In 48 samples of SARS-CoV-2 (including Alpha, Delta and Omicron variants), a lack of N gene amplification was observed in the genomes analyzed through WG-NGS. Three gene regions were detected hosting the highest number of SNPs and INDELs. In several cases, the latter can interfere deeply with both the sensitivity of diagnostic methodologies and the final protein folding. The monitoring over time of the viral evolution and the reacquisition among different variants of the same mutations or different alterations within the same genomic positions can be relevant to avoid unnecessary consumption of resources.
2023
Genomic and Temporal Analysis of Deletions Correlated to qRT-PCR Dropout in N Gene in Alpha, Delta and Omicron Variants / Gatti, Giulia; Brandolini, Martina; Mancini, Andrea; Taddei, Francesca; Zannoli, Silvia; Dirani, Giorgio; Manera, Martina; Arfilli, Valentina; Denicolò, Agnese; Marzucco, Anna; Montanari, Maria Sofia; Zaghi, Irene; Guerra, Massimiliano; Tennina, Rita; Marino, Maria Michela; Grumiro, Laura; Cricca, Monica; Sambri, Vittorio. - In: VIRUSES. - ISSN 1999-4915. - STAMPA. - 15:8(2023), pp. 1-13. [10.3390/v15081630]
Gatti, Giulia; Brandolini, Martina; Mancini, Andrea; Taddei, Francesca; Zannoli, Silvia; Dirani, Giorgio; Manera, Martina; Arfilli, Valentina; Denicolò, Agnese; Marzucco, Anna; Montanari, Maria Sofia; Zaghi, Irene; Guerra, Massimiliano; Tennina, Rita; Marino, Maria Michela; Grumiro, Laura; Cricca, Monica; Sambri, Vittorio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/950198
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