Background: Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) is becoming an increasingly recommended approach for assessing optimal pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) target attainment of ceftazidime/avibactam. Some authors hypothesized that the PK/PD target attainment of ceftazidime/avibactam could be assessed by means of the TDM of solely ceftazidime, since avibactam concentrations might be extrapolated based on the fixed 4:1 ceftazidime-to-avibactam ratio present in the vial. The reliability of this hypothesis could be called into question if a wide interindividual variability in the ceftazidime-to-avibactam ratio would exist among patients. This study aimed to assess the distribution of the individual ceftazidime-to-avibactam ratios in relation to renal function in a cohort of adult patients who were treated with continuous infusion ceftazidime/avibactam and underwent TDM of both ceftazidime and avibactam. Methods: Individual ceftazidime-to-avibactam ratio was calculated at each TDM assessment. Receiving operating characteristics (ROC) curve analysis was performed for testing the potential impact of renal function on ceftazidime-to-avibactam ratio variability. Results: A total of 188 TDM assessments were collected from 107 patients. The ceftazidime-to-avibactam ratios ranged from 1.29:1 to 13.46:1. Seventy-seven out of 188 ceftazidime-to-avibactam ratios (41.0%) were >5:1, and 36 (19.1%) were >6:1. Patients without renal dysfunction had significantly higher proportions of ceftazidime-to-avibactam ratio >5:1 (59.3% versus 23.8%; P < 0.001) and >6:1 (32.1% versus 6.3%; P < 0.001) compared with those with mild-to-severe renal dysfunction. Conclusions: The findings may strengthen the contention that for properly assessing the PK/PD target attainment of ceftazidime/avibactam, both ceftazidime and avibactam concentrations should be measured, given the unpredictability of the ceftazidime-to-avibactam ratio occurring among patients.

Gatti, M., Viale, P., Pea, F. (2024). Therapeutic drug monitoring of ceftazidime/avibactam: why one leg is not enough to run. JOURNAL OF ANTIMICROBIAL CHEMOTHERAPY, 79(1), 195-199 [10.1093/jac/dkad367].

Therapeutic drug monitoring of ceftazidime/avibactam: why one leg is not enough to run

Gatti, Milo;Viale, Pierluigi;Pea, Federico
2024

Abstract

Background: Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) is becoming an increasingly recommended approach for assessing optimal pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) target attainment of ceftazidime/avibactam. Some authors hypothesized that the PK/PD target attainment of ceftazidime/avibactam could be assessed by means of the TDM of solely ceftazidime, since avibactam concentrations might be extrapolated based on the fixed 4:1 ceftazidime-to-avibactam ratio present in the vial. The reliability of this hypothesis could be called into question if a wide interindividual variability in the ceftazidime-to-avibactam ratio would exist among patients. This study aimed to assess the distribution of the individual ceftazidime-to-avibactam ratios in relation to renal function in a cohort of adult patients who were treated with continuous infusion ceftazidime/avibactam and underwent TDM of both ceftazidime and avibactam. Methods: Individual ceftazidime-to-avibactam ratio was calculated at each TDM assessment. Receiving operating characteristics (ROC) curve analysis was performed for testing the potential impact of renal function on ceftazidime-to-avibactam ratio variability. Results: A total of 188 TDM assessments were collected from 107 patients. The ceftazidime-to-avibactam ratios ranged from 1.29:1 to 13.46:1. Seventy-seven out of 188 ceftazidime-to-avibactam ratios (41.0%) were >5:1, and 36 (19.1%) were >6:1. Patients without renal dysfunction had significantly higher proportions of ceftazidime-to-avibactam ratio >5:1 (59.3% versus 23.8%; P < 0.001) and >6:1 (32.1% versus 6.3%; P < 0.001) compared with those with mild-to-severe renal dysfunction. Conclusions: The findings may strengthen the contention that for properly assessing the PK/PD target attainment of ceftazidime/avibactam, both ceftazidime and avibactam concentrations should be measured, given the unpredictability of the ceftazidime-to-avibactam ratio occurring among patients.
2024
Gatti, M., Viale, P., Pea, F. (2024). Therapeutic drug monitoring of ceftazidime/avibactam: why one leg is not enough to run. JOURNAL OF ANTIMICROBIAL CHEMOTHERAPY, 79(1), 195-199 [10.1093/jac/dkad367].
Gatti, Milo; Viale, Pierluigi; Pea, Federico
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/950061
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