The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between joint pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) target attainment of continuous infusion (CI) ceftazidime-avibactam and the microbiological outcome of documented difficult-to-treat resistant (DTR) Gram-negative infections. A 2-year retrospective cohort study was performed in patients receiving CI ceftazidime-avibactam mono- or combo therapy for documented DTR Gram-negative infections and undergoing therapeutic drug monitoring of both ceftazidime and avibactam. The free fractions of steady-state concentrations (fC(ss)) of ceftazidime and avibactam were calculated. The joint PK/PD target was considered optimal when both the fC(ss)/MIC ratio for ceftazidime >= 4 (equivalent to 100% fT(>4xMIC)) and the fC(ss)/C-T ratio for avibactam >1 (equivalent to 100% fT >C-T of 4.0 mg/L) were simultaneously achieved (quasi-optimal if only one of the two and suboptimal if neither of the two was achieved). Multivariate logistic regression analysis was applied for testing potential variables associated with microbiological failure. Fifty-eight patients were treated with CI ceftazidime-avibactam mono- (36) or combo therapy (22) for documented DTR Gram-negative infections [74.2% for primary or secondary bloodstream infections (BSIs)]. Combo therapy was administered more frequently to intensive care unit (ICU) patients (P = 0.023) or for pneumonia (P = 0.001) and less frequently for intra-abdominal infections and BSIs (P = 0.04). Microbiological failure occurred in five cases (8.6%, three in mono- and two in combo therapy). In the multivariate analysis, the suboptimal/quasi-optimal joint PK/PD target emerged as the only independent predictor of microbiological failure (odds ratio [OR] 11.11; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.31-93.98; P = 0.023), whereas monotherapy was not (P = 0.99). Optimized joint PK/PD target attainment of CI ceftazidime-avibactam monotherapy could represent a way forward for allowing microbiological eradication of DTR Gram-negative infections and could render unnecessary combo therapy.

Gatti, M., Rinaldi, M., Bonazzetti, C., Gaibani, P., Giannella, M., Viale, P., et al. (2023). Could an optimized joint pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic target attainment of continuous infusion ceftazidime-avibactam be a way to avoid the need for combo therapy in the targeted treatment of deep-seated DTR Gram-negative infections?. ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS AND CHEMOTHERAPY, 10.1128/aac.00969-23, 1-12 [10.1128/aac.00969-23].

Could an optimized joint pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic target attainment of continuous infusion ceftazidime-avibactam be a way to avoid the need for combo therapy in the targeted treatment of deep-seated DTR Gram-negative infections?

Gatti, Milo;Rinaldi, Matteo;Bonazzetti, Cecilia;Giannella, Maddalena;Viale, Pierluigi;Pea, Federico
2023

Abstract

The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between joint pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) target attainment of continuous infusion (CI) ceftazidime-avibactam and the microbiological outcome of documented difficult-to-treat resistant (DTR) Gram-negative infections. A 2-year retrospective cohort study was performed in patients receiving CI ceftazidime-avibactam mono- or combo therapy for documented DTR Gram-negative infections and undergoing therapeutic drug monitoring of both ceftazidime and avibactam. The free fractions of steady-state concentrations (fC(ss)) of ceftazidime and avibactam were calculated. The joint PK/PD target was considered optimal when both the fC(ss)/MIC ratio for ceftazidime >= 4 (equivalent to 100% fT(>4xMIC)) and the fC(ss)/C-T ratio for avibactam >1 (equivalent to 100% fT >C-T of 4.0 mg/L) were simultaneously achieved (quasi-optimal if only one of the two and suboptimal if neither of the two was achieved). Multivariate logistic regression analysis was applied for testing potential variables associated with microbiological failure. Fifty-eight patients were treated with CI ceftazidime-avibactam mono- (36) or combo therapy (22) for documented DTR Gram-negative infections [74.2% for primary or secondary bloodstream infections (BSIs)]. Combo therapy was administered more frequently to intensive care unit (ICU) patients (P = 0.023) or for pneumonia (P = 0.001) and less frequently for intra-abdominal infections and BSIs (P = 0.04). Microbiological failure occurred in five cases (8.6%, three in mono- and two in combo therapy). In the multivariate analysis, the suboptimal/quasi-optimal joint PK/PD target emerged as the only independent predictor of microbiological failure (odds ratio [OR] 11.11; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.31-93.98; P = 0.023), whereas monotherapy was not (P = 0.99). Optimized joint PK/PD target attainment of CI ceftazidime-avibactam monotherapy could represent a way forward for allowing microbiological eradication of DTR Gram-negative infections and could render unnecessary combo therapy.
2023
Gatti, M., Rinaldi, M., Bonazzetti, C., Gaibani, P., Giannella, M., Viale, P., et al. (2023). Could an optimized joint pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic target attainment of continuous infusion ceftazidime-avibactam be a way to avoid the need for combo therapy in the targeted treatment of deep-seated DTR Gram-negative infections?. ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS AND CHEMOTHERAPY, 10.1128/aac.00969-23, 1-12 [10.1128/aac.00969-23].
Gatti, Milo; Rinaldi, Matteo; Bonazzetti, Cecilia; Gaibani, Paolo; Giannella, Maddalena; Viale, Pierluigi; Pea, Federico
File in questo prodotto:
Eventuali allegati, non sono esposti

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/949047
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 3
  • Scopus 6
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 6
social impact