Background: The long-term results of web-based behavioural intervention in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) have not been described in patients followed in specialised centres. Aims: To analyse the long-term effectiveness of web education compared with the results achieved by a group-based behavioural intervention in the same years 2012-2014. Methods: We followed 679 patients with NAFLD (web-based, n = 290; group-based, n = 389) for 5 years. Weight loss ≥10% was the primary outcome; secondary outcomes were attrition, changes in liver enzymes and in biomarkers of steatosis (Fatty liver Index) and fibrosis (Fibrosis-4 index). Results: The cohorts differed in age, education, working status and presence of diabetes. Attrition was higher in the web-based cohort (hazard ratio: 1.53; 95% CI: 1.24-1.88), but not different after adjustment for confounders. Among patients in active follow-up, 50% lost ≥5% of initial body weight and 19% lost ≥10%, without difference between cohorts. Alanine aminotransferase levels fell to within the normal range in 51% and 45% of web- and group-based cohorts, respectively. Fatty Liver Index declined progressively and, by year 5, it ruled out steatosis in 4.8%, whereas 24.9% were in the indeterminate range. Fibrosis-4 index increased in both cohorts, driven by age, but the prevalence of cases ruling-in advanced fibrosis remained very low (around 1%). Improvements in the class of both surrogate biomarkers were associated with ≥5% weight loss. Conclusions: Although burdened by attrition, web-based behavioural intervention is feasible and effective in NAFLD, expanding the cohort involved in behavioural programs and reducing the risk of progressive disease.

Long-term follow-up of web-based and group-based behavioural intervention in NAFLD in a real world clinical setting / Petroni, Maria Letizia; Colosimo, Santo; Brodosi, Lucia; Armandi, Angelo; Bertini, Flavio; Montesi, Danilo; Bugianesi, Elisabetta; Marchesini, Giulio. - In: ALIMENTARY PHARMACOLOGY AND THERAPEUTICS. - ISSN 1365-2036. - ELETTRONICO. - 1:(2023), pp. 1-11. [10.1111/apt.17768]

Long-term follow-up of web-based and group-based behavioural intervention in NAFLD in a real world clinical setting

Petroni, Maria Letizia;Colosimo, Santo;Brodosi, Lucia;Bertini, Flavio;Montesi, Danilo;Marchesini, Giulio
2023

Abstract

Background: The long-term results of web-based behavioural intervention in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) have not been described in patients followed in specialised centres. Aims: To analyse the long-term effectiveness of web education compared with the results achieved by a group-based behavioural intervention in the same years 2012-2014. Methods: We followed 679 patients with NAFLD (web-based, n = 290; group-based, n = 389) for 5 years. Weight loss ≥10% was the primary outcome; secondary outcomes were attrition, changes in liver enzymes and in biomarkers of steatosis (Fatty liver Index) and fibrosis (Fibrosis-4 index). Results: The cohorts differed in age, education, working status and presence of diabetes. Attrition was higher in the web-based cohort (hazard ratio: 1.53; 95% CI: 1.24-1.88), but not different after adjustment for confounders. Among patients in active follow-up, 50% lost ≥5% of initial body weight and 19% lost ≥10%, without difference between cohorts. Alanine aminotransferase levels fell to within the normal range in 51% and 45% of web- and group-based cohorts, respectively. Fatty Liver Index declined progressively and, by year 5, it ruled out steatosis in 4.8%, whereas 24.9% were in the indeterminate range. Fibrosis-4 index increased in both cohorts, driven by age, but the prevalence of cases ruling-in advanced fibrosis remained very low (around 1%). Improvements in the class of both surrogate biomarkers were associated with ≥5% weight loss. Conclusions: Although burdened by attrition, web-based behavioural intervention is feasible and effective in NAFLD, expanding the cohort involved in behavioural programs and reducing the risk of progressive disease.
2023
Long-term follow-up of web-based and group-based behavioural intervention in NAFLD in a real world clinical setting / Petroni, Maria Letizia; Colosimo, Santo; Brodosi, Lucia; Armandi, Angelo; Bertini, Flavio; Montesi, Danilo; Bugianesi, Elisabetta; Marchesini, Giulio. - In: ALIMENTARY PHARMACOLOGY AND THERAPEUTICS. - ISSN 1365-2036. - ELETTRONICO. - 1:(2023), pp. 1-11. [10.1111/apt.17768]
Petroni, Maria Letizia; Colosimo, Santo; Brodosi, Lucia; Armandi, Angelo; Bertini, Flavio; Montesi, Danilo; Bugianesi, Elisabetta; Marchesini, Giulio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/946665
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