Abstract: Background: Foreign body ingestion (FBI) represents the most common cause of emergent gastrointestinal endoscopy in children. FBI’s management can be quite challenging for physicians because of the variability of the clinical presentation, and the decision tree becomes even more intricate because of patient-specific variables that must be considered in the pediatric age range (e.g., age of patients and neuropsychiatric disorders) in addition to the mere characteristics of the foreign body. We present an application for smartphones designed for pediatricians and pediatric surgeons based on the latest guidelines from the official pediatric societies. The app aims to help physicians manage FBI quickly and properly in children. Materials and methods: The latest pediatric FBI management guidelines were reviewed and summarized. The flow chart we obtained guided the development of a smartphone application. A questionnaire was administered to all pediatric surgeon trainees at our institute to test the feasibility and helpfulness of the application. Results: An app for smartphones was obtained and shared for free on the Google Play Store and Apple Store. The app guides the physician step by step in the diagnostic process, analyzing all patient- and foreign body-specific characteristics. The app consultation ends with a suggestion of the most proper decision to make in terms of further radiological investigations and the indication and timing of endoscopy. A questionnaire administered to trainees proved the app to be useful and easy to use. Conclusion: We developed an app able to help pediatricians and pediatric surgeons manage FBI in children, providing standardized and updated recommendations in a smart and easily available way.

Ask Doctor Smartphone! An App to Help Physicians Manage Foreign Body Ingestions in Children / Di Mitri, Marco; Parente, Giovanni; Bisanti, Cristian; Thomas, Eduje; Cravano, Sara Maria; Cordola, Chiara; Vastano, Marzia; Collautti, Edoardo; Di Carmine, Annalisa; Maffi, Michela; D'Antonio, Simone; Libri, Michele; Gargano, Tommaso; Lima, Mario. - In: DIAGNOSTICS. - ISSN 2075-4418. - STAMPA. - 13:20(2023), pp. 3285.1-3285.12. [10.3390/diagnostics13203285]

Ask Doctor Smartphone! An App to Help Physicians Manage Foreign Body Ingestions in Children

Di Mitri, Marco
;
Bisanti, Cristian;Thomas, Eduje;Cravano, Sara Maria;Cordola, Chiara;Vastano, Marzia;Collautti, Edoardo;Di Carmine, Annalisa;Gargano, Tommaso;Lima, Mario
2023

Abstract

Abstract: Background: Foreign body ingestion (FBI) represents the most common cause of emergent gastrointestinal endoscopy in children. FBI’s management can be quite challenging for physicians because of the variability of the clinical presentation, and the decision tree becomes even more intricate because of patient-specific variables that must be considered in the pediatric age range (e.g., age of patients and neuropsychiatric disorders) in addition to the mere characteristics of the foreign body. We present an application for smartphones designed for pediatricians and pediatric surgeons based on the latest guidelines from the official pediatric societies. The app aims to help physicians manage FBI quickly and properly in children. Materials and methods: The latest pediatric FBI management guidelines were reviewed and summarized. The flow chart we obtained guided the development of a smartphone application. A questionnaire was administered to all pediatric surgeon trainees at our institute to test the feasibility and helpfulness of the application. Results: An app for smartphones was obtained and shared for free on the Google Play Store and Apple Store. The app guides the physician step by step in the diagnostic process, analyzing all patient- and foreign body-specific characteristics. The app consultation ends with a suggestion of the most proper decision to make in terms of further radiological investigations and the indication and timing of endoscopy. A questionnaire administered to trainees proved the app to be useful and easy to use. Conclusion: We developed an app able to help pediatricians and pediatric surgeons manage FBI in children, providing standardized and updated recommendations in a smart and easily available way.
2023
Ask Doctor Smartphone! An App to Help Physicians Manage Foreign Body Ingestions in Children / Di Mitri, Marco; Parente, Giovanni; Bisanti, Cristian; Thomas, Eduje; Cravano, Sara Maria; Cordola, Chiara; Vastano, Marzia; Collautti, Edoardo; Di Carmine, Annalisa; Maffi, Michela; D'Antonio, Simone; Libri, Michele; Gargano, Tommaso; Lima, Mario. - In: DIAGNOSTICS. - ISSN 2075-4418. - STAMPA. - 13:20(2023), pp. 3285.1-3285.12. [10.3390/diagnostics13203285]
Di Mitri, Marco; Parente, Giovanni; Bisanti, Cristian; Thomas, Eduje; Cravano, Sara Maria; Cordola, Chiara; Vastano, Marzia; Collautti, Edoardo; Di Carmine, Annalisa; Maffi, Michela; D'Antonio, Simone; Libri, Michele; Gargano, Tommaso; Lima, Mario
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/945996
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