The European eel, Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus, 1758), is a species of high conservation and commercial value. Also, with a high aquacultural value, it was one of the most farmed species in Europe before its decline. Conservation measures for this species are currently being implemented, some of which are the release of adults to allow them to migrate to spawning grounds and artificial reproduction to minimise the impact of overfishing. Much progress has been made regarding the closing of the life cycle, but several problems remain to be solved, such as the weaning and growth of larvae. In this regard, the study of local populations and the identification of the best spawners could be a good way forward as it would help to identify spawners with high reproductive potential and good offspring quality. In this study, we compared the reproductive performance of female eels from migratory areas of the Northern Adriatic Sea at different maturation stages (10 premigrant stage; 10 migrant stage), treating both groups with the same hormonal protocol (weekly carp pituitary extract, injection of 17 ,20 -Dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one at complete oocyte maturation). The research showed that eels at the beginning of metamorphosis (SI III), i.e., eels not yet ready to undertake migration, achieve reproductive performance equal to that of eels ready for migration (SI IV). Their performance was on par in both qualitative and quantitative terms. The optimal results in hatching (with values of 65.8 3.2% for pre-migrant and 68.2 4.1% for migrant) and survival rates (with value of 25.7 5.4% pre-migrants; 27.2 3.7% migrants), as well as the results about the time to reach full gonadal maturation, may have positive implications when considering release and restocking measures.

Evaluation of the Reproductive Performance of Females of Anguilla anguilla Characterized by Different Levels of Silvering / Oliviero Mordenti, Laura Gentile, Pietro Emmanuele, Bàlint Lòrànt Hausz, Riccardo Brusa, Antonio Casalini. - In: APPLIED SCIENCES. - ISSN 2076-3417. - ELETTRONICO. - 13:19(2023), pp. 10718.1-10718.11. [10.3390/app131910718]

Evaluation of the Reproductive Performance of Females of Anguilla anguilla Characterized by Different Levels of Silvering

Oliviero Mordenti;Laura Gentile
;
Pietro Emmanuele;Riccardo Brusa;Antonio Casalini
2023

Abstract

The European eel, Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus, 1758), is a species of high conservation and commercial value. Also, with a high aquacultural value, it was one of the most farmed species in Europe before its decline. Conservation measures for this species are currently being implemented, some of which are the release of adults to allow them to migrate to spawning grounds and artificial reproduction to minimise the impact of overfishing. Much progress has been made regarding the closing of the life cycle, but several problems remain to be solved, such as the weaning and growth of larvae. In this regard, the study of local populations and the identification of the best spawners could be a good way forward as it would help to identify spawners with high reproductive potential and good offspring quality. In this study, we compared the reproductive performance of female eels from migratory areas of the Northern Adriatic Sea at different maturation stages (10 premigrant stage; 10 migrant stage), treating both groups with the same hormonal protocol (weekly carp pituitary extract, injection of 17 ,20 -Dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one at complete oocyte maturation). The research showed that eels at the beginning of metamorphosis (SI III), i.e., eels not yet ready to undertake migration, achieve reproductive performance equal to that of eels ready for migration (SI IV). Their performance was on par in both qualitative and quantitative terms. The optimal results in hatching (with values of 65.8 3.2% for pre-migrant and 68.2 4.1% for migrant) and survival rates (with value of 25.7 5.4% pre-migrants; 27.2 3.7% migrants), as well as the results about the time to reach full gonadal maturation, may have positive implications when considering release and restocking measures.
2023
Evaluation of the Reproductive Performance of Females of Anguilla anguilla Characterized by Different Levels of Silvering / Oliviero Mordenti, Laura Gentile, Pietro Emmanuele, Bàlint Lòrànt Hausz, Riccardo Brusa, Antonio Casalini. - In: APPLIED SCIENCES. - ISSN 2076-3417. - ELETTRONICO. - 13:19(2023), pp. 10718.1-10718.11. [10.3390/app131910718]
Oliviero Mordenti, Laura Gentile, Pietro Emmanuele, Bàlint Lòrànt Hausz, Riccardo Brusa, Antonio Casalini
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/945156
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