tors of engagement is crucial to maximize mental healthcare interventions in first-episode psychosis (FEP). No Italian study on this topic has been reported to date. Thus, the aims of this investigation were: (1) to examine short-term disengagement rate in an Italian population of FEP patients treated within an EIP service across a 1-year follow-up period, and (b) to assess the most relevant predictors of disengagement in the first year of treatment. Methods All participants were young FEP help-seeking patients, aged 12–35 years, enrolled within the “Parma Early Psychosis” (Pr-EP) protocol. At baseline, they completed the Positive And Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), the Health of the Nation Outcome Scale (HoNOS) and the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) scale. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were used. Results 496 FEP individuals were enrolled in this research. Across the follow-up, a 16.5% prevalence of short-term disengagement was found. Particularly robust predictors of service disengagement were poor baseline treatment non-adherence, living with parents and the presence of brief psychotic disorder or schizophreniform disorder at entry. Conclusion About 16% of FEP patients disengaged the Pr-EP program within the first year of treatment. A solution to reduce disengagement and/or to favor re-engagement of these subjects might be to remain on EIP program caseloads allowing the option for low-intensity support and monitoring, also via remote technology.

Lorenzo Pelizza, E.L. (2023). Short‑term disengagement from early intervention service for first‑episode psychosis: findings from the “Parma Early Psychosis” program. SOCIAL PSYCHIATRY AND PSYCHIATRIC EPIDEMIOLOGY, 0, 1-13 [10.1007/s00127-023-02564-3].

Short‑term disengagement from early intervention service for first‑episode psychosis: findings from the “Parma Early Psychosis” program.

Lorenzo Pelizza
Primo
;
Marco Menchetti
Ultimo
2023

Abstract

tors of engagement is crucial to maximize mental healthcare interventions in first-episode psychosis (FEP). No Italian study on this topic has been reported to date. Thus, the aims of this investigation were: (1) to examine short-term disengagement rate in an Italian population of FEP patients treated within an EIP service across a 1-year follow-up period, and (b) to assess the most relevant predictors of disengagement in the first year of treatment. Methods All participants were young FEP help-seeking patients, aged 12–35 years, enrolled within the “Parma Early Psychosis” (Pr-EP) protocol. At baseline, they completed the Positive And Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), the Health of the Nation Outcome Scale (HoNOS) and the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) scale. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were used. Results 496 FEP individuals were enrolled in this research. Across the follow-up, a 16.5% prevalence of short-term disengagement was found. Particularly robust predictors of service disengagement were poor baseline treatment non-adherence, living with parents and the presence of brief psychotic disorder or schizophreniform disorder at entry. Conclusion About 16% of FEP patients disengaged the Pr-EP program within the first year of treatment. A solution to reduce disengagement and/or to favor re-engagement of these subjects might be to remain on EIP program caseloads allowing the option for low-intensity support and monitoring, also via remote technology.
2023
Lorenzo Pelizza, E.L. (2023). Short‑term disengagement from early intervention service for first‑episode psychosis: findings from the “Parma Early Psychosis” program. SOCIAL PSYCHIATRY AND PSYCHIATRIC EPIDEMIOLOGY, 0, 1-13 [10.1007/s00127-023-02564-3].
Lorenzo Pelizza, Emanuela Leuci, Emanuela Quattrone, Silvia Azzali, Simona Pupo, Giuseppina Paulillo, Pietro Pellegrini, Marco Menchetti
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/945013
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