The Guerbet reaction would be an optimal solution for bio-ethanol refinery by homologation and it substantially requires the development of active and highly selective catalysts. Although heterogeneous catalysis remains more desirable, homogeneous Guerbet catalytic systems are nowadays acknowledged as challenging proposals for high selectivity and conversion under mild reaction conditions. Several molecular bi-functional catalysts, based on ruthenium, iridium and manganese complexes bearing different ligands such as phosphine, bidentate bisphosphine (P-P) and phosphamine (P-N), pincer (N-N-N), (P-N-P) and cyclopentadienone, are active in the copresence of a base, which is essential in all the cases for the condensation reaction. This mini-review is aimed to describe the state of the art, with incremental steps forward to understand the role of the catalytic systems and the reaction conditions on conversion and selectivity. While showing different efficiency, mutable behavior by minimal change in the ligand scaffold, variation in water tolerance and only one example of recyclability, metal catalysts are found to be similar in terms of proposed mechanisms. The influence of additives and capability to maintain activity in fermentation broth and bio-ethanol from wine value chain to second generation bio-fuel are also discussed. Although not yet completely rationalized, experimental and theoretical mechanistic investigations pave the way for the design of more stable and efficient catalysts toward improved applicability.

Messori A., Gagliardi A., Cesari C., Calcagno F., Tabanelli T., Cavani F., et al. (2023). Advances in the homogeneous catalyzed alcohols homologation: The mild side of the Guerbet reaction. A mini-review. CATALYSIS TODAY, 423, 1-18 [10.1016/j.cattod.2023.01.010].

Advances in the homogeneous catalyzed alcohols homologation: The mild side of the Guerbet reaction. A mini-review

Messori A.
Primo
;
Gagliardi A.;Cesari C.;Calcagno F.;Tabanelli T.;Cavani F.;Mazzoni R.
Ultimo
2023

Abstract

The Guerbet reaction would be an optimal solution for bio-ethanol refinery by homologation and it substantially requires the development of active and highly selective catalysts. Although heterogeneous catalysis remains more desirable, homogeneous Guerbet catalytic systems are nowadays acknowledged as challenging proposals for high selectivity and conversion under mild reaction conditions. Several molecular bi-functional catalysts, based on ruthenium, iridium and manganese complexes bearing different ligands such as phosphine, bidentate bisphosphine (P-P) and phosphamine (P-N), pincer (N-N-N), (P-N-P) and cyclopentadienone, are active in the copresence of a base, which is essential in all the cases for the condensation reaction. This mini-review is aimed to describe the state of the art, with incremental steps forward to understand the role of the catalytic systems and the reaction conditions on conversion and selectivity. While showing different efficiency, mutable behavior by minimal change in the ligand scaffold, variation in water tolerance and only one example of recyclability, metal catalysts are found to be similar in terms of proposed mechanisms. The influence of additives and capability to maintain activity in fermentation broth and bio-ethanol from wine value chain to second generation bio-fuel are also discussed. Although not yet completely rationalized, experimental and theoretical mechanistic investigations pave the way for the design of more stable and efficient catalysts toward improved applicability.
2023
Messori A., Gagliardi A., Cesari C., Calcagno F., Tabanelli T., Cavani F., et al. (2023). Advances in the homogeneous catalyzed alcohols homologation: The mild side of the Guerbet reaction. A mini-review. CATALYSIS TODAY, 423, 1-18 [10.1016/j.cattod.2023.01.010].
Messori A.; Gagliardi A.; Cesari C.; Calcagno F.; Tabanelli T.; Cavani F.; Mazzoni R.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/944214
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