We present 3 mm ALMA continuum and line observations at resolutions of 6.5 au and 13 au, respectively, toward the Class 0 system IRAS 16293-2422 A. The continuum observations reveal two compact sources toward IRAS 16293-2422 A, coinciding with compact ionized gas emission previously observed at radio wavelengths (A1 and A2), confirming the long-known radio sources as protostellar. The emission toward A2 is resolved and traces a dust disk with an FWHM size of similar to 12 au, while the emission toward A1 sets a limit to the FWHM size of the dust disk of similar to 4 au. We also detect spatially resolved molecular kinematic tracers near the protostellar disks. Several lines of the J = 5-4 rotational transition of HNCO, NH2CHO, and t-HCOOH are detected, with which we derived individual line-of-sight velocities. Using these together with the CS (J = 2-1), we fit Keplerian profiles toward the individual compact sources and derive masses of the central protostars. The kinematic analysis indicates that A1 and A2 are a bound binary system. Using this new context for the previous 30 yr of Very Large Array observations, we fit orbital parameters to the relative motion between A1 and A2 and find that the combined protostellar mass derived from the orbit is consistent with the masses derived from the gas kinematics. Both estimations indicate masses consistently higher (0.5 less than or similar to M-1 less than or similar to M-2 less than or similar to 2 M-circle dot) than previous estimations using lower-resolution observations of the gas kinematics. The ALMA high-resolution data provides a unique insight into the gas kinematics and masses of a young deeply embedded bound binary system.

Orbital and Mass Constraints of the Young Binary System IRAS 16293-2422 A / María José Maureira; Jaime E. Pineda; Dominique M. Segura-Cox; Paola Caselli; Leonardo Testi; Giuseppe Lodato; Laurent Loinard; Antonio Hernández-Gómez. - In: THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL. - ISSN 0004-637X. - STAMPA. - 897:1(2020), pp. 59.1-59.18. [10.3847/1538-4357/ab960b]

Orbital and Mass Constraints of the Young Binary System IRAS 16293-2422 A

Leonardo Testi;
2020

Abstract

We present 3 mm ALMA continuum and line observations at resolutions of 6.5 au and 13 au, respectively, toward the Class 0 system IRAS 16293-2422 A. The continuum observations reveal two compact sources toward IRAS 16293-2422 A, coinciding with compact ionized gas emission previously observed at radio wavelengths (A1 and A2), confirming the long-known radio sources as protostellar. The emission toward A2 is resolved and traces a dust disk with an FWHM size of similar to 12 au, while the emission toward A1 sets a limit to the FWHM size of the dust disk of similar to 4 au. We also detect spatially resolved molecular kinematic tracers near the protostellar disks. Several lines of the J = 5-4 rotational transition of HNCO, NH2CHO, and t-HCOOH are detected, with which we derived individual line-of-sight velocities. Using these together with the CS (J = 2-1), we fit Keplerian profiles toward the individual compact sources and derive masses of the central protostars. The kinematic analysis indicates that A1 and A2 are a bound binary system. Using this new context for the previous 30 yr of Very Large Array observations, we fit orbital parameters to the relative motion between A1 and A2 and find that the combined protostellar mass derived from the orbit is consistent with the masses derived from the gas kinematics. Both estimations indicate masses consistently higher (0.5 less than or similar to M-1 less than or similar to M-2 less than or similar to 2 M-circle dot) than previous estimations using lower-resolution observations of the gas kinematics. The ALMA high-resolution data provides a unique insight into the gas kinematics and masses of a young deeply embedded bound binary system.
2020
Orbital and Mass Constraints of the Young Binary System IRAS 16293-2422 A / María José Maureira; Jaime E. Pineda; Dominique M. Segura-Cox; Paola Caselli; Leonardo Testi; Giuseppe Lodato; Laurent Loinard; Antonio Hernández-Gómez. - In: THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL. - ISSN 0004-637X. - STAMPA. - 897:1(2020), pp. 59.1-59.18. [10.3847/1538-4357/ab960b]
María José Maureira; Jaime E. Pineda; Dominique M. Segura-Cox; Paola Caselli; Leonardo Testi; Giuseppe Lodato; Laurent Loinard; Antonio Hernández-Gómez
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/940967
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