The widely used Monte Carlo simulation code FLUKA has been utilized to prototype a solid target for the production of 89Zr, by irradiation of a metallic 89Y target foil in a 16.5 MeV proton biomedical cyclotron, through the reaction 89Y(p, n)89Zr. Simulations were performed with and without an Al energy degrader. In the setup of the geometry of the target, state of the art support tools, like SimpleGeo, were used for accurate, detailed modeling. The results permitted a quick assessment of all possible radionuclidic contaminants and confirmed that the use of an energy degrader avoids production of the most important impurity, 88Zr. The estimated value for the activity produced in one hour of irradiation at 20 A is 384+42 MBq; this is encouraging, indicating possible production of clinically significant amounts of activity with the relatively simple target setup adopted. Initial experimental tests gave results in excellent agreement with simulations, confirming the usefulness and accuracy of FLUKA as a tool for the design and optimization of targets for the production of PET radionuclides.

Prediction of 89Zr production using the Monte Carlo code FLUKA

INFANTINO, ANGELO;FANTI, STEFANO;MOSTACCI, DOMIZIANO
2011

Abstract

The widely used Monte Carlo simulation code FLUKA has been utilized to prototype a solid target for the production of 89Zr, by irradiation of a metallic 89Y target foil in a 16.5 MeV proton biomedical cyclotron, through the reaction 89Y(p, n)89Zr. Simulations were performed with and without an Al energy degrader. In the setup of the geometry of the target, state of the art support tools, like SimpleGeo, were used for accurate, detailed modeling. The results permitted a quick assessment of all possible radionuclidic contaminants and confirmed that the use of an energy degrader avoids production of the most important impurity, 88Zr. The estimated value for the activity produced in one hour of irradiation at 20 A is 384+42 MBq; this is encouraging, indicating possible production of clinically significant amounts of activity with the relatively simple target setup adopted. Initial experimental tests gave results in excellent agreement with simulations, confirming the usefulness and accuracy of FLUKA as a tool for the design and optimization of targets for the production of PET radionuclides.
A. Infantino; G. Cicoria; D. Pancaldi; A. Ciarmatori; S. Boschi; S. Fanti; M. Marengo; D. Mostacci
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/94090
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