In recent years, several authors have investigated allocation rules for comparative clinical trials, that are response-adaptive in order to favour, at each stage of the trial, the treatment that appears to be best. In this paper we define admissible allocations, namely proportions of treatment assignments that cannot be simultaneously improved upon with respect both to a specific design criterion, reflecting the inferential properties of the experiment, and to the proportion of patients assigned to the best treatment or treatments; we survey existing designs from this viewpoint. We also suggest combining information and ethical considerations by taking a suitable weighted mean of two corresponding standardized criteria, with weights that depend on the actual treatment effects. This compound criterion leads to a locally optimal allocation that can be targeted by some response-adaptive randomization rule. The paper mainly deals with the case of just two treatments, but the suggested methodology is shown to extend to more than two.

Compound Optimal Allocation for Individual and Collective Ethics in Binary Clinical Trials

BALDI ANTOGNINI, ALESSANDRO;GIOVAGNOLI, ALESSANDRA
2010

Abstract

In recent years, several authors have investigated allocation rules for comparative clinical trials, that are response-adaptive in order to favour, at each stage of the trial, the treatment that appears to be best. In this paper we define admissible allocations, namely proportions of treatment assignments that cannot be simultaneously improved upon with respect both to a specific design criterion, reflecting the inferential properties of the experiment, and to the proportion of patients assigned to the best treatment or treatments; we survey existing designs from this viewpoint. We also suggest combining information and ethical considerations by taking a suitable weighted mean of two corresponding standardized criteria, with weights that depend on the actual treatment effects. This compound criterion leads to a locally optimal allocation that can be targeted by some response-adaptive randomization rule. The paper mainly deals with the case of just two treatments, but the suggested methodology is shown to extend to more than two.
A. Baldi Antognini; A. Giovagnoli
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/93990
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