Featured Application: An energy and environmental performance analysis of air-source and ground-source heat pump systems able to operate with traditional (R-410A) and alternative low-GWP (R-454B) refrigerants is conducted. The case study is composed of an existing residential single-family house, and the coupled HVAC system is modeled by means of the commercial software TRNSYS. The TEWI index is considered to evaluate the environmental impact of the heat pump systems. The results of the numerical simulations show a significant reduction in the overall greenhouse emissions of those systems in which R-454B is employed as a refrigerant. The European Parliament has imposed to reduce by 2030 whole HFC emissions by at least two-thirds with respect to 2014 levels. With the aim of contributing to determine the energy and environmental advantages of refrigerants alternative to R-410A, this paper reports the results of a numerical study focused on an HVAC system coupled to a residential building and based on a reversible electric heat pump. In particular, two heat pump typologies are considered: an air-source and a ground-source heat pump, both operating with the two refrigerants R-410A and R-454B. The environmental performance of the studied system is assessed by means of the TEWI (total equivalent warming impact) index. The adoption of R-454B involves a slight decrease (2–3%) in the overall annual energy performance of the system with respect to the use of R-410A. On the other hand, the working fluid R-454B guarantees a marked decrease in the TEWI indicator. Indeed, considering the current Italian emission factor of electricity taken from the grid, the total emissions over the entire heat pump operating life drop by about 25% and can decrease by up to 89% in perspective, following the current reduction trend of the emission factor.

Energy and Environmental Performance Comparison of Heat Pump Systems Working with Alternative Refrigerants

Dongellini M.;Natale C.;Naldi C.
;
Rossi di Schio E.;Valdiserri P.;Morini G. L.
2023

Abstract

Featured Application: An energy and environmental performance analysis of air-source and ground-source heat pump systems able to operate with traditional (R-410A) and alternative low-GWP (R-454B) refrigerants is conducted. The case study is composed of an existing residential single-family house, and the coupled HVAC system is modeled by means of the commercial software TRNSYS. The TEWI index is considered to evaluate the environmental impact of the heat pump systems. The results of the numerical simulations show a significant reduction in the overall greenhouse emissions of those systems in which R-454B is employed as a refrigerant. The European Parliament has imposed to reduce by 2030 whole HFC emissions by at least two-thirds with respect to 2014 levels. With the aim of contributing to determine the energy and environmental advantages of refrigerants alternative to R-410A, this paper reports the results of a numerical study focused on an HVAC system coupled to a residential building and based on a reversible electric heat pump. In particular, two heat pump typologies are considered: an air-source and a ground-source heat pump, both operating with the two refrigerants R-410A and R-454B. The environmental performance of the studied system is assessed by means of the TEWI (total equivalent warming impact) index. The adoption of R-454B involves a slight decrease (2–3%) in the overall annual energy performance of the system with respect to the use of R-410A. On the other hand, the working fluid R-454B guarantees a marked decrease in the TEWI indicator. Indeed, considering the current Italian emission factor of electricity taken from the grid, the total emissions over the entire heat pump operating life drop by about 25% and can decrease by up to 89% in perspective, following the current reduction trend of the emission factor.
2023
Dongellini M.; Natale C.; Naldi C.; Rossi di Schio E.; Valdiserri P.; Morini G.L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/939760
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