OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the evolution of antibody avidity and Western blot reactivity in recently infected HIV-1 subjects and to study the impact of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on avidity maturation of HIV-1-specific immunoglobulin G (IgG) in patients with recent HIV-1 infection. METHODS: Thirty-six HIV-1 seroconverters were enrolled in this study and followed longitudinally over 24 months to evaluate if the administration of antiretroviral therapy during primary infection affects Western blot reactivity and the evolution of antibody avidity. The patients were divided into two groups; group A consisted of 19 HIV-1-untreated patients who did not receive any drug treatment during our follow-up period; group B consisted of 17 subjects who were treated early with an association of two nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTI) and one non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) within 3 months after seroconversion. RESULTS: At diagnosis, Western blot analysis and avidity index (mean value) were exactly matched in untreated and treated patients; subsequently, however, a significantly lower reactivity to HIV-1 pol and gag proteins and a lower avidity index (mean values) were observed in HAART-treated patients up until the end of the follow-up period. CONCLUSIONS: The impaired production and maturation of the humoral immunological response in antiretroviral-treated patients might be related to a rapid suppression of HIV replication, driven by HAART. These results could have important implications in understanding the complex mechanism of the immune response during HIV infection.

Incomplete IgG response to HIV-1 proteins and low avidity levels in recently converted HIV patients treated with early antiretroviral therapy.

RE, MARIA CARLA;SCHIAVONE, PASQUA;BON, ISABELLA;VITONE, FRANCESCA;DE CRIGNIS, ELISA;BIAGETTI, CARLO;GIBELLINI, DAVIDE
2010

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the evolution of antibody avidity and Western blot reactivity in recently infected HIV-1 subjects and to study the impact of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on avidity maturation of HIV-1-specific immunoglobulin G (IgG) in patients with recent HIV-1 infection. METHODS: Thirty-six HIV-1 seroconverters were enrolled in this study and followed longitudinally over 24 months to evaluate if the administration of antiretroviral therapy during primary infection affects Western blot reactivity and the evolution of antibody avidity. The patients were divided into two groups; group A consisted of 19 HIV-1-untreated patients who did not receive any drug treatment during our follow-up period; group B consisted of 17 subjects who were treated early with an association of two nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTI) and one non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) within 3 months after seroconversion. RESULTS: At diagnosis, Western blot analysis and avidity index (mean value) were exactly matched in untreated and treated patients; subsequently, however, a significantly lower reactivity to HIV-1 pol and gag proteins and a lower avidity index (mean values) were observed in HAART-treated patients up until the end of the follow-up period. CONCLUSIONS: The impaired production and maturation of the humoral immunological response in antiretroviral-treated patients might be related to a rapid suppression of HIV replication, driven by HAART. These results could have important implications in understanding the complex mechanism of the immune response during HIV infection.
Re MC; Schiavone P; Bon I; Vitone F; De Crignis E; Biagetti C; Gibellini D.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/93955
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