Thioridazine (THD) is a commonly prescribed phenotiazine neuroleptic drug, which is extensively biotransformed in the organism producing as main metabolites sulfoxides and a sulfone by sulfur oxidation. Significant differences have been observed in the activity of the THD enantiomers as well as for its main metabolites, and enantioselectivity phenomena have been proved in the metabolic pathway. Here the assignment of the absolute configuration at the sulfur atom of enantiomeric THD-2-sulfoxide (THD-2-SO) has been carried out by circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy. The stereoisomers were separated by HPLC on Chiralpak AS column, recording the CD spectra for the two collected enantiomeric fractions. The theoretical electronic CD spectrum has been obtained by the TDDFT/B3LYP/6-31G*, as Boltzmann averaging of the contributions calculated for the most stable conformations of the drug. The comparison of the simulated and experimental spectra allowed the absolute configuration at the sulfur atom of the four THD-2-SO stereoisomers to be assigned. The developed method should be useful for a reliable correlation between stereochemistry and activity and/or toxicity.

Assignment of the absolute configuration at the sulfur atom of thioridazine metabolites by the analysis of their chiroptical properties: the case of thioridazine 2-sulfoxide.

BERTUCCI, CARLO;
2010

Abstract

Thioridazine (THD) is a commonly prescribed phenotiazine neuroleptic drug, which is extensively biotransformed in the organism producing as main metabolites sulfoxides and a sulfone by sulfur oxidation. Significant differences have been observed in the activity of the THD enantiomers as well as for its main metabolites, and enantioselectivity phenomena have been proved in the metabolic pathway. Here the assignment of the absolute configuration at the sulfur atom of enantiomeric THD-2-sulfoxide (THD-2-SO) has been carried out by circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy. The stereoisomers were separated by HPLC on Chiralpak AS column, recording the CD spectra for the two collected enantiomeric fractions. The theoretical electronic CD spectrum has been obtained by the TDDFT/B3LYP/6-31G*, as Boltzmann averaging of the contributions calculated for the most stable conformations of the drug. The comparison of the simulated and experimental spectra allowed the absolute configuration at the sulfur atom of the four THD-2-SO stereoisomers to be assigned. The developed method should be useful for a reliable correlation between stereochemistry and activity and/or toxicity.
Bertucci C; Guimarães LF; Bonato PS; Borges KB; Okano LT; Mazzeo G; Rosini C.
File in questo prodotto:
Eventuali allegati, non sono esposti

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/93865
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 10
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 10
social impact