Background Primary antibiotic resistance in Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) strains is increasing worldwide, affecting therapy success. The use of therapies tailored on susceptibility pre-testing at culture has been proposed, but data are still conflicting. Method We performed a systematic review to evaluate the role of a culture-based therapeutic approach for H. pylori treatment, taking into account the sensitivity of culture and the success rates achieved with tailored therapies in different therapeutic steps. Results We analyzed data from 51 studies. Overall, H. pylori strains were isolated in 80.7% of 7889 patients, the success rates being 78.1%, 77.5%, 86.3% and 86.6%, before first-, second-, third-line or more therapies, respectively. In comparative studies, the infection was cured in 89.9% of 2052 patients treated with tailored therapies, and in 77.6% of 2516 patients receiving empiric therapy (P<0.001). However, in the subanalysis, the tailored approach achieved optimal eradication rates (>90%) only when it was applied before first-and second-line therapies, but not before third-line or more attempts (<80%). Moreover, no significant difference emerged between the 2 approaches when data from only the most recent (last 5 years) studies were considered, as well as in those performed in Western populations. Conclusions The attempt to achieve antibiotic susceptibility testing before treatment failed in 20% of infected patients managed in dedicated laboratories. Culture-tailored therapies administered after 2 or more therapies achieved suboptimal eradication rates. The role of bacterial culture in patients whose therapeutic management failed to eradicate H. pylori probably needs to be corroborated by further data.

Culture-based antibiotic susceptibility testing for Helicobacter pylori infection: a systematic review

Fiorini G.;Pavoni M.;Saracino I. M.;Giostra F.;Vaira D.
2022

Abstract

Background Primary antibiotic resistance in Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) strains is increasing worldwide, affecting therapy success. The use of therapies tailored on susceptibility pre-testing at culture has been proposed, but data are still conflicting. Method We performed a systematic review to evaluate the role of a culture-based therapeutic approach for H. pylori treatment, taking into account the sensitivity of culture and the success rates achieved with tailored therapies in different therapeutic steps. Results We analyzed data from 51 studies. Overall, H. pylori strains were isolated in 80.7% of 7889 patients, the success rates being 78.1%, 77.5%, 86.3% and 86.6%, before first-, second-, third-line or more therapies, respectively. In comparative studies, the infection was cured in 89.9% of 2052 patients treated with tailored therapies, and in 77.6% of 2516 patients receiving empiric therapy (P<0.001). However, in the subanalysis, the tailored approach achieved optimal eradication rates (>90%) only when it was applied before first-and second-line therapies, but not before third-line or more attempts (<80%). Moreover, no significant difference emerged between the 2 approaches when data from only the most recent (last 5 years) studies were considered, as well as in those performed in Western populations. Conclusions The attempt to achieve antibiotic susceptibility testing before treatment failed in 20% of infected patients managed in dedicated laboratories. Culture-tailored therapies administered after 2 or more therapies achieved suboptimal eradication rates. The role of bacterial culture in patients whose therapeutic management failed to eradicate H. pylori probably needs to be corroborated by further data.
2022
De Francesco V.; Zullo A.; Manta R.; Satriano A.; Fiorini G.; Pavoni M.; Saracino I.M.; Giostra F.; Monti G.; Vaira D.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/935853
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