Wharton's jelly (WJ) is fundamental for the well-being of the fetus, binding to the umbilical vessels and protecting them from twisting and compression. Gross and microscopic studies have been undertaken on the umbilical cord (UC) of human placentae in both normal and high-risk pregnancies, however there is limited research on equine UC. The aim of this study was to describe microscopically and immunohistochemically the equine UC in normal pregnancies, with particular attention to WJ. Forty-seven healthy mares, with no complications during pregnancy, admitted to the hospital for attending delivery were enrolled. Clinical data was collected at foaling on foal health and placental characteristics. UC samples were collected from three sites (amniotic, allantoic and in the region of vein anastomosis) for histology. The thickness of different layers of arteries and veins and WJ in different UC portions were measured (μm). Wharton's Jelly was weighted (g) and its sections were stained with Masson's trichrome, orcein technique and silver impregnation. Immunohistochemistry was undertaken using antibodies raised-against collagen type I, V, VI and fibrillin. Forty-seven UCs, from 19 colt and 28 filly foals, were analyzed for WJ weight and 8/47 UCs were examined histologically. Warton's jelly was only found in the amniotic portion of the UC closest to the foal's abdomen. The weight of WJ (4.0 ± 3.3 g) did not vary between colts and fillies and it was not correlated with any of the clinical or UC parameters measured. The tunica media of arteries and veins was thicker in the amniotic portion of the UC, as described in human UCs in late pregnancy. This finding could be an adaptation to aid in resisting compression because of fetal movements and UC twisting. The umbilical vein was thicker than the umbilical arteries in the tunica media and tunica adventitia in the sections examined throughout the length of the cord. This preliminary study describes gross and histological WJ's structure in the equine species. However, further studies are required to better characterize UC's changes throughout pregnancy and in the presence of mare's or fetal disease.

Lanci, A., Merlo, B., Grandis, A., Mariella, J., Castagnetti, C., Iacono, E. (2023). Gross and histological examination of Wharton's Jelly in the equine umbilical cord. THERIOGENOLOGY, 209, 184-192 [10.1016/j.theriogenology.2023.06.032].

Gross and histological examination of Wharton's Jelly in the equine umbilical cord

Lanci, Aliai
Primo
;
Merlo, Barbara
Secondo
;
Grandis, Annamaria;Mariella, Jole;Castagnetti, Carolina;Iacono, Eleonora
Ultimo
2023

Abstract

Wharton's jelly (WJ) is fundamental for the well-being of the fetus, binding to the umbilical vessels and protecting them from twisting and compression. Gross and microscopic studies have been undertaken on the umbilical cord (UC) of human placentae in both normal and high-risk pregnancies, however there is limited research on equine UC. The aim of this study was to describe microscopically and immunohistochemically the equine UC in normal pregnancies, with particular attention to WJ. Forty-seven healthy mares, with no complications during pregnancy, admitted to the hospital for attending delivery were enrolled. Clinical data was collected at foaling on foal health and placental characteristics. UC samples were collected from three sites (amniotic, allantoic and in the region of vein anastomosis) for histology. The thickness of different layers of arteries and veins and WJ in different UC portions were measured (μm). Wharton's Jelly was weighted (g) and its sections were stained with Masson's trichrome, orcein technique and silver impregnation. Immunohistochemistry was undertaken using antibodies raised-against collagen type I, V, VI and fibrillin. Forty-seven UCs, from 19 colt and 28 filly foals, were analyzed for WJ weight and 8/47 UCs were examined histologically. Warton's jelly was only found in the amniotic portion of the UC closest to the foal's abdomen. The weight of WJ (4.0 ± 3.3 g) did not vary between colts and fillies and it was not correlated with any of the clinical or UC parameters measured. The tunica media of arteries and veins was thicker in the amniotic portion of the UC, as described in human UCs in late pregnancy. This finding could be an adaptation to aid in resisting compression because of fetal movements and UC twisting. The umbilical vein was thicker than the umbilical arteries in the tunica media and tunica adventitia in the sections examined throughout the length of the cord. This preliminary study describes gross and histological WJ's structure in the equine species. However, further studies are required to better characterize UC's changes throughout pregnancy and in the presence of mare's or fetal disease.
2023
Lanci, A., Merlo, B., Grandis, A., Mariella, J., Castagnetti, C., Iacono, E. (2023). Gross and histological examination of Wharton's Jelly in the equine umbilical cord. THERIOGENOLOGY, 209, 184-192 [10.1016/j.theriogenology.2023.06.032].
Lanci, Aliai; Merlo, Barbara; Grandis, Annamaria; Mariella, Jole; Castagnetti, Carolina; Iacono, Eleonora
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/935555
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