Aims: We present a detailed study of the giant radio halo in the galaxy cluster Abell 697 to constrain its origin and connection with the cluster dynamics. Methods: We performed high sensitivity GMRT observations at 325 MHz, which showed that the radio halo is much brighter and larger at this frequency than in previous 610 MHz observations. To derive the integrated spectrum in the frequency range 325 MHz-1.4 GHz, we reanalysed archival VLA data at 1.4 GHz and used proprietary GMRT data at 610 MHz. Results: Our multifrequency analysis shows that the total radio spectrum of the giant radio halo in A 697 is very steep, with α~325 MHz~1.4 GHz ≈ 1.7-1.8. Owing to energy arguments, a hadronic origin of the halo is disfavoured by this steep spectrum. Very steep spectrum halos in merging clusters are predicted in the case that the emitting electrons are accelerated by turbulence. Observations with upcoming low frequency arrays will be able to test these expectations.

The very steep spectrum radio halo in Abell 697

MACARIO, GIULIA;DALLACASA, DANIELE;CASSANO, ROSSELLA;
2010

Abstract

Aims: We present a detailed study of the giant radio halo in the galaxy cluster Abell 697 to constrain its origin and connection with the cluster dynamics. Methods: We performed high sensitivity GMRT observations at 325 MHz, which showed that the radio halo is much brighter and larger at this frequency than in previous 610 MHz observations. To derive the integrated spectrum in the frequency range 325 MHz-1.4 GHz, we reanalysed archival VLA data at 1.4 GHz and used proprietary GMRT data at 610 MHz. Results: Our multifrequency analysis shows that the total radio spectrum of the giant radio halo in A 697 is very steep, with α~325 MHz~1.4 GHz ≈ 1.7-1.8. Owing to energy arguments, a hadronic origin of the halo is disfavoured by this steep spectrum. Very steep spectrum halos in merging clusters are predicted in the case that the emitting electrons are accelerated by turbulence. Observations with upcoming low frequency arrays will be able to test these expectations.
2010
G. Macario; T. Venturi; G. Brunetti; D. Dallacasa; S. Giacintucci; R. Cassano; S. Bardelli; R. Athreya
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/93108
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