BACKGROUND: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) are the major causes of graft failure and posttransplantation mortality among small bowel and multivisceral transplantations (SB/MVT). Little is known about human herpes virus 6 (HHV-6) infections in transplant recipients. STUDY PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to analyze the clinical relevance of CMV, EBV, and HHV-6 infections after small bowel transplantation and to establish whether routine monitoring for HHV-6 infection should be recommended for the prevention of severe complications in this population. METHODS: Ten adult patients were monitored based on CMV, EBV, and HHV6 DNA quantifications in blood and biopsy tissue samples. Three patients were monitored for at least 5 months (early period) and 7 patients were monitored for 1 to 5 years after transplantation (late period). RESULTS: In the early period, despite prophylaxis all 3 patients developed symptomatic CMV infections: 1 fever/diarrhea, 1 enteritis and rejection, as well as 1 fever and pneumonia. Only 1 patient developed EBV and HHV-6 infections. The average time of onset of CMV infection was 3 months after transplantation and only 24 days for HHV6 infection. In the late period, of the 7 SB/MVT recipients only 1 developed an EBV infection at 2 years after transplantation. No CMV or HHV-6 infections were identified in any patient. CONCLUSIONS: CMV infection is a major cause of organ disease and rejection in the early period after transplantation. EBV infection in adult recipients must be considered also in the late period, particularly in association with severe immunosuppression. Because HHV-6 infection occurs earlier than CMV/EBV, it may serve as an indicator for more intense virological surveillance.

Early and late virological monitoring of cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr virus, and human herpes virus 6 infections in small bowel/multivisceral transplant recipients.

PETRISLI, EVANGELIA;Chiereghin A.;ZANFI, CHIARA;Piccirilli G.;ALTIMARI, ANNALISA;CESCON, MATTEO;PINNA, ANTONIO DANIELE;LANDINI, MARIA PAOLA;LAZZAROTTO, TIZIANA
2010

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) are the major causes of graft failure and posttransplantation mortality among small bowel and multivisceral transplantations (SB/MVT). Little is known about human herpes virus 6 (HHV-6) infections in transplant recipients. STUDY PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to analyze the clinical relevance of CMV, EBV, and HHV-6 infections after small bowel transplantation and to establish whether routine monitoring for HHV-6 infection should be recommended for the prevention of severe complications in this population. METHODS: Ten adult patients were monitored based on CMV, EBV, and HHV6 DNA quantifications in blood and biopsy tissue samples. Three patients were monitored for at least 5 months (early period) and 7 patients were monitored for 1 to 5 years after transplantation (late period). RESULTS: In the early period, despite prophylaxis all 3 patients developed symptomatic CMV infections: 1 fever/diarrhea, 1 enteritis and rejection, as well as 1 fever and pneumonia. Only 1 patient developed EBV and HHV-6 infections. The average time of onset of CMV infection was 3 months after transplantation and only 24 days for HHV6 infection. In the late period, of the 7 SB/MVT recipients only 1 developed an EBV infection at 2 years after transplantation. No CMV or HHV-6 infections were identified in any patient. CONCLUSIONS: CMV infection is a major cause of organ disease and rejection in the early period after transplantation. EBV infection in adult recipients must be considered also in the late period, particularly in association with severe immunosuppression. Because HHV-6 infection occurs earlier than CMV/EBV, it may serve as an indicator for more intense virological surveillance.
Petrisli E.; Chiereghin A.; Gabrielli L.; Zanfi C.; Lauro A.; Piccirilli G.; Baccolini F.; Altimari A.; Bagni A.; Cescon M.; Pinna A.D.; Landini M.P.; Lazzarotto T.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/92940
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