Routine regional lymphadenectomy for colorectal liver metastases and primary liver tumors is still a subject for debate. During 2001-2005, we performed a prospective study of cases in which regional lymphadenectomy around the hepato-duodenal ligament and common hepatic artery was applied (group R+ LN) or not (group R- LN). Pre-operative clinical features of patients were comparable among groups as well as the operative data. There were 108 (67%) males; the median age was 66 years; 124 cases had a single lesion (77%), and the median diameter was 4 cm. The type of lesion was: 77 (48%) colorectal liver metastases (M-CR), 75 (46%) hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC) and 10 (6%) cholangiocellular carcinomas. In the R+ LN group, the mean number of lymph nodes removed was 6.7 ± 4.8 (range 4-26), and seven cases (8.6%) presented lymph node metastasis. The median follow-up was 3.5 years. M-CR patients showed comparable hospital mortality (R+ LN 0% vs. R- LN 2.6%) and morbidity (R+ LN 17.9% vs. R- LN 21.1%), but R+ LN had higher 5-year disease-free survival (31 vs. 16%, p < 0.05). HCC cases in the R+ LN group presented higher hospital mortality (13.5 vs. 0%, p < 0.05) without any improvement in disease-free survival (it was at 5-year disease-free survival 34 vs. 33%, respectively, p = n.s.). Routine regional lymphadenectomy should be performed for colorectal liver metastases, and avoided in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma.

Safety and prognostic role of regional lymphadenectomy for primary and metastatic liver tumors.

RAVAIOLI, MATTEO;ERCOLANI, GIORGIO;GRAZI, GIAN LUCA;CESCON, MATTEO;DAZZI, ALESSANDRO;ZANFI, CHIARA;PINNA, ANTONIO DANIELE
2010

Abstract

Routine regional lymphadenectomy for colorectal liver metastases and primary liver tumors is still a subject for debate. During 2001-2005, we performed a prospective study of cases in which regional lymphadenectomy around the hepato-duodenal ligament and common hepatic artery was applied (group R+ LN) or not (group R- LN). Pre-operative clinical features of patients were comparable among groups as well as the operative data. There were 108 (67%) males; the median age was 66 years; 124 cases had a single lesion (77%), and the median diameter was 4 cm. The type of lesion was: 77 (48%) colorectal liver metastases (M-CR), 75 (46%) hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC) and 10 (6%) cholangiocellular carcinomas. In the R+ LN group, the mean number of lymph nodes removed was 6.7 ± 4.8 (range 4-26), and seven cases (8.6%) presented lymph node metastasis. The median follow-up was 3.5 years. M-CR patients showed comparable hospital mortality (R+ LN 0% vs. R- LN 2.6%) and morbidity (R+ LN 17.9% vs. R- LN 21.1%), but R+ LN had higher 5-year disease-free survival (31 vs. 16%, p < 0.05). HCC cases in the R+ LN group presented higher hospital mortality (13.5 vs. 0%, p < 0.05) without any improvement in disease-free survival (it was at 5-year disease-free survival 34 vs. 33%, respectively, p = n.s.). Routine regional lymphadenectomy should be performed for colorectal liver metastases, and avoided in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma.
Ravaioli M.; Ercolani G.; Grazi G.L.; Cescon M.; Dazzi A.; Zanfi C.; Pinna A.D.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/92937
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