(1) Background: Whether standard bismuth quadruple therapy (BQT) is superior to concomitant therapy for the first-line treatment of Helicobacter (H.) pylori infection is unclear. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to compare the efficacy of standard BQT versus concomitant therapy for H. pylori eradication in subjects naive to treatment. (2) Methods: Online databases were searched for randomized controlled trials. We pooled risk ratio (RR) of individual studies for dichotomous outcomes using a random-effect model. (3) Results: Six studies with 1810 adults were included. Overall intention-to-treat (ITT) eradication rate was 87.4% with BQT and 85.2% with concomitant therapy (RR 1.01, 95%CI:0.94-1.07). Subgroup analysis of five Asian studies showed a small but significant superiority of BQT over concomitant therapy (87.5% vs. 84.5%; RR 1.04, 95%CI:1.01-1.08). Pooling four studies at low risk of bias yielded a similar result (88.2% vs. 84.5%; RR 1.05, 95%CI:1.01-1.09). There was no difference between the regimens in the frequency of adverse events (RR = 0.97, 95%CI:0.79-1.2). (4) Conclusions: The efficacy of BQT seems to be similar to concomitant therapy, with similar side effect profile. However, BQT showed a small but significant benefit over concomitant therapy in Asian populations and in studies at low risk of bias.

Zagari, R.M., Dajti, E., Cominardi, A., Frazzoni, L., Fuccio, L., Eusebi, L.H., et al. (2023). Standard Bismuth Quadruple Therapy versus Concomitant Therapy for the First-Line Treatment of Helicobacter pylori Infection: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE, 12(9), 1-12 [10.3390/jcm12093258].

Standard Bismuth Quadruple Therapy versus Concomitant Therapy for the First-Line Treatment of Helicobacter pylori Infection: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

Zagari, Rocco Maurizio
;
Dajti, Elton;Cominardi, Anna;Frazzoni, Leonardo;Fuccio, Lorenzo;Eusebi, Leonardo Henry;Vestito, Amanda;Lisotti, Andrea;Romano, Marco;Bazzoli, Franco
2023

Abstract

(1) Background: Whether standard bismuth quadruple therapy (BQT) is superior to concomitant therapy for the first-line treatment of Helicobacter (H.) pylori infection is unclear. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to compare the efficacy of standard BQT versus concomitant therapy for H. pylori eradication in subjects naive to treatment. (2) Methods: Online databases were searched for randomized controlled trials. We pooled risk ratio (RR) of individual studies for dichotomous outcomes using a random-effect model. (3) Results: Six studies with 1810 adults were included. Overall intention-to-treat (ITT) eradication rate was 87.4% with BQT and 85.2% with concomitant therapy (RR 1.01, 95%CI:0.94-1.07). Subgroup analysis of five Asian studies showed a small but significant superiority of BQT over concomitant therapy (87.5% vs. 84.5%; RR 1.04, 95%CI:1.01-1.08). Pooling four studies at low risk of bias yielded a similar result (88.2% vs. 84.5%; RR 1.05, 95%CI:1.01-1.09). There was no difference between the regimens in the frequency of adverse events (RR = 0.97, 95%CI:0.79-1.2). (4) Conclusions: The efficacy of BQT seems to be similar to concomitant therapy, with similar side effect profile. However, BQT showed a small but significant benefit over concomitant therapy in Asian populations and in studies at low risk of bias.
2023
Zagari, R.M., Dajti, E., Cominardi, A., Frazzoni, L., Fuccio, L., Eusebi, L.H., et al. (2023). Standard Bismuth Quadruple Therapy versus Concomitant Therapy for the First-Line Treatment of Helicobacter pylori Infection: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE, 12(9), 1-12 [10.3390/jcm12093258].
Zagari, Rocco Maurizio; Dajti, Elton; Cominardi, Anna; Frazzoni, Leonardo; Fuccio, Lorenzo; Eusebi, Leonardo Henry; Vestito, Amanda; Lisotti, Andrea; ...espandi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/928094
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