Sorting procedures submit sperm cells to a set of stressful steps that can trigger an increase of ROS production and consequently reduce sorted semen quality. This study evaluated the effect of supplementation with different antioxidants (EGCG, Na pyruvate+catalase, SOD) on acrosome and plasma membrane integrity, activation of caspases (as assayed by FITC-VAD/PI staining) and immunolocalization of Hsp70 of boar spermatozoa after sperm preparation (Hoechst 33342 staining) and sorting procedure. The effect of antioxidants, with or without seminal plasma, on sorted spermatozoa stored for 24h at 15°C was also evaluated. Antioxidants did not exert any preventive action on sperm modification induced by staining and sorting. After 24h of storage at 15°C, sorted samples supplemented with either EGCG or SOD plus seminal plasma showed a significant (p<0.05) increase of the percentage of viable spermatozoa, while no positive effect on the other tested parameters was observed; EGCG seems to exert an inhibition on caspase activation in that a decrease of the number of dead cells FITC-VAD+/PI+ was recorded. In conclusion, our results indicate that EGCG and SOD in association with seminal plasma are effective in exerting some compensatory protection against the detrimental effects of storage of sorted semen while their action is not evident during steps of the sorting procedure.

Effects of antioxidants on boar spermatozoa during sorting and storage.

VALLORANI, CLAUDIA;SPINACI, MARCELLA;BUCCI, DIEGO;TAMANINI, CARLO;GALEATI, GIOVANNA
2010

Abstract

Sorting procedures submit sperm cells to a set of stressful steps that can trigger an increase of ROS production and consequently reduce sorted semen quality. This study evaluated the effect of supplementation with different antioxidants (EGCG, Na pyruvate+catalase, SOD) on acrosome and plasma membrane integrity, activation of caspases (as assayed by FITC-VAD/PI staining) and immunolocalization of Hsp70 of boar spermatozoa after sperm preparation (Hoechst 33342 staining) and sorting procedure. The effect of antioxidants, with or without seminal plasma, on sorted spermatozoa stored for 24h at 15°C was also evaluated. Antioxidants did not exert any preventive action on sperm modification induced by staining and sorting. After 24h of storage at 15°C, sorted samples supplemented with either EGCG or SOD plus seminal plasma showed a significant (p<0.05) increase of the percentage of viable spermatozoa, while no positive effect on the other tested parameters was observed; EGCG seems to exert an inhibition on caspase activation in that a decrease of the number of dead cells FITC-VAD+/PI+ was recorded. In conclusion, our results indicate that EGCG and SOD in association with seminal plasma are effective in exerting some compensatory protection against the detrimental effects of storage of sorted semen while their action is not evident during steps of the sorting procedure.
C. Vallorani ; M. Spinaci; D. Bucci; C. Tamanini ; G. Galeati
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/92770
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