Background: Healthcare cannot achieve net-zero carbon without addressing operating theatres. The aim of this study was to prioritize feasible interventions to reduce the environmental impact of operating theatres. Methods: This study adopted a four-phase Delphi consensus co-prioritization methodology. In phase 1, a systematic review of published interventions and global consultation of perioperative healthcare professionals were used to longlist interventions. In phase 2, iterative thematic analysis consolidated comparable interventions into a shortlist. In phase 3, the shortlist was co-prioritized based on patient and clinician views on acceptability, feasibility, and safety. In phase 4, ranked lists of interventions were presented by their relevance to high-income countries and low-middle-income countries. Results: In phase 1, 43 interventions were identified, which had low uptake in practice according to 3042 professionals globally. In phase 2, a shortlist of 15 intervention domains was generated. In phase 3, interventions were deemed acceptable for more than 90 per cent of patients except for reducing general anaesthesia (84 per cent) and re-sterilization of 'single-use' consumables (86 per cent). In phase 4, the top three shortlisted interventions for high-income countries were: introducing recycling; reducing use of anaesthetic gases; and appropriate clinical waste processing. In phase 4, the top three shortlisted interventions for low-middle-income countries were: introducing reusable surgical devices; reducing use of consumables; and reducing the use of general anaesthesia. Conclusion: This is a step toward environmentally sustainable operating environments with actionable interventions applicable to both high- and low-middle-income countries.

Reducing the environmental impact of surgery on a global scale: systematic review and co-prioritization with healthcare workers in 132 countries / Adisa, Adewale; Bahrami-Hessari, Michael; Bhangu, Aneel; George, Christina; Ghosh, Dhruv; Glasbey, James; Haque, Parvez; Ingabire, J C Allen; Kamarajah, Sivesh Kathir; Kudrna, Laura; Ledda, Virginia; Li, Elizabeth; Lillywhite, Robert; Mittal, Rohin; Nepogodiev, Dmitri; Ntirenganya, Faustin; Picciochi, Maria; Simões, Joana Filipa Ferreira; Booth, L; Elliot, R; Kennerton, A S; Pettigrove, K L; Pinney, L; Richard, H; Tottman, R; Wheatstone, P; Wolfenden, John W D; Smith, A; Sayed, A Emad; Goswami, Aakansha Giri; Malik, Aamer; Mclean, Aaron Lawson; Hassan, Abbas; Nazimi, Abd Jabar; Aladna, Abdallah; Abdelgawad, Abdalrahman; Saed, Abdel; Abdelmageed, Abdelfatah; Ghannam, Abdelilah; Mahmoud, Abdelrahman; Alvi, Abdul; Ismail, Abdulaziz; Adesunkanmi, Abdulhafiz; Ebrahim, Abdulla; Al-Mallah, Abdullah; Alqallaf, Abdullah; Durrani, Abdullah; Gabr, Abdullah; 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Iannella, Giannicola; Bonsaana, Gilbert Batieka; Lever, Gillian; Brachini, Gioia; Giraudo, Giorgio; Lisi, Giorgio; Russo, Giorgio Ivan; Aprea, Giovanni; Pascale, Giovanni; Tomasicchio, Giovanni; Sandri, Giovanni Battista Levi; Armatura, Giulia; Turri, Giulia; Zaccaria, Giulia; Barugola, Giuliano; Lantone, Giuliano; Gasparini, Giulio; Iacob, Giulio; Sozzi, Giulio; Zancana, Giuseppa; Mercante, Giuseppe; Bianco, Giuseppe; Brisinda, Giuseppe; Consorti, Giuseppe; Currò, Giuseppe; Giannaccare, Giuseppe; Palomba, Giuseppe; Pascarella, Giuseppe; Rotunno, Giuseppe; Spriano, Giuseppe; Vizzielli, Giuseppe; Cucinella, Giuseppe; Sica, Giuseppe; Campisi, Giuseppina; Baiocchi, Glauco; Guerra, Glen R; Pacheco, Glenda Marina Falcon; Atis, Gokhan; Augustin, Goran; Šantak, Goran; Chauhan, Govind Singh; Branagan, Graham; Harris, Grant; Stewart, Grant D; Padmore, Greg; Kocher, Gregor Jan; Di Franco, Gregorio; De Jesus Labrador Hernandez, Gregorio; Christodoulidis, Gregory; Neal-Smith, Gregory; Yim, Guang; Piozzi, Guglielmo Niccolò; Claret, Guillem; Yanowsky-Reyes, Guillermo; Dhaity, Guipson Dhaity; Cakmak, Guldeniz Karadeniz; Mohamed, Guleed; Kucuk, Gultekin Ozan; Ancans, Guntis; Banipal, Gurpreet Singh; De Bacco Marangon, Gustavo; Laporte, Gustavo; Martinez-Mier, Gustavo; Recinos, Gustavo; V, Gustavo Miguel Machain; Benshetrit, Guy; Vijgen, Guy; Pickett, Gwynedd; Rodriguez, H Alejandro; Shiwani, Haaris; Derilo, Habtamu; Awad, Hadeel; El Assaad, Hadi; Raji, Hadijat Olaide; Hardgrave, Hailey; Karakullukcu, Haluk Kerim; Abdussalam, Hameedat Opeyemi; Mustafa, Hamid; Parwaiz, Hammad; Khan, Hamza; Arbab, Hana; Naga, Hani; Salem, Hani; Ulgur, Hanife Seyda; Perez-Chrzanowska, Hanna; Greenlee, Hannah; Javanmard-Emamghissi, Hannah; Lederhuber, Hans; Osman, Hany; Adamou, Harissou; Majid, Haroon Javaid; Goor, Harry Van; Spiers, Harry V M; Manesh, Hassan Fatemi; Mushtaq, Hassan; Aljaaly, Hattan; Hasan, Hayat Ben; Ahmed, Hayat Tarig Abdelhafiz; Martinez-Said, Hector; Aguado, Héctor J; Consani, Heitor; Chaplin, Helen; Mohan, Helen; Van Vliet, Helen; Lohse, Helmut Alfredo Segovia; Shah, Hemina; Claireaux, Henry; Lule, Herman; Juara, Hernández; Abozied, Hesham; Bayo, Heura Llaquet; Alibrahim, Hidar; Kroon, Hidde M; Ulman, Hilmican; Khan, Hina; Yonekura, Hiroshi; Abou-Taleb, Hisham; Wong, Ho Ying Flora; Carpenter, Holly; Majd, Hooman Soleymani; Zenha, Horácio; Mayer, Horacio F; Elghadban, Hosam; Abdou, Hossam; Elfeki, Hossam; Yusefi, Hossein; Gomez-Fernandez, Hugo; Horsfall, Hugo Layard; Meleiro, Hugo; Sungurtekin, Hulya; Junior, Humberto Fenner Lyra; Moloo, Husein; Bayhan, Hüseyin; Şevi̇k, Hüsnü; Embarek, Hussein; Hamid, Hytham K S; Pradeep, I H D Saman; Donkin, Ian; Ateca, Ibabe Villalabeitia; Jafarov, Ibrahim; Salisu, Ibrahim; Abdalaal, Ibrahim; Garzali, Ibrahim Umar; Sall, Ibrahima; Adebara, Idowu; Aghadi, Ifeanyi; Ugwu, Ifeanyichukwu; Zapardiel, Ignacio; Reis, Igor; Nwafor, Ikechuwu; Fakhradiyev, Ildar; Surya, Ilham Utama; Robo, Ilma; Njokanma, Iloba; Iannone, Immacolata; Khan, Imran; Correia, Inês; Königsrainer, Ingmar; Seiwerth, Ingmar; Linero, Inmaculada Benítez; Kadiri, Innih; Florian, Ioan-Alexandru; Tzima, Ioanna; Akrida, Ioanna; Baloyiannis, Ioannis; Gerogiannis, Ioannis; Katsaros, Ioannis; Tsakiridis, Ioannis; Valioulis, Ioannis; Negoi, Ionut; Yadev, Ip; De Haro Jorge, Irene; Vázquez, Irene Ortega; Dajti, Irida; Russo, Iris Shari; Afzal, Irrum; Wasserman, Isaac; Chukwu, Isaac; Gracia, Isabel; Oliver, Isabel Mora; Hughes, Isabel; Mondi, Isabella; Ncogoza, Isaie; Bsisu, Isam; Rashid, Isbah; Balasubramanian, Ishwarya; Omar, Islam; Dominguez-Rosado, Ismael; Smati, Ismail; Vokshi, Ismail; Al-Badawi, Ismail A; Saleh, Ismail Ali; Pilkington, Isobel; Kirac, Iva; Trostchansky, Ivan; Gawron, Iwona Magdalena; Trebol, Jacobo; Martellucci, Jacopo; Andreuccetti, Jacopo; Abou-Khalil, Jad; Shah, Jaffer; Manickavasagam, Jaiganesh; De Alarcón, Jaime Rodríguez; Mihanovic, Jakov; O'riordan, James; Archer, James; Ashcroft, James; Blair, James; Hamill, James; Munthali, James; Park, James; Parry, James; Ryan, James; Tomlinson, James; Wheeler, James; Wilkins, James; Balogun, James A; Hodgetts, James Michael; Vatish, Jamie; Žatecký, Jan; Dziakova, Jana; Martin, Janet; Beatty, Jasmine Winter; Stijns, Jasper; Faiz, Javaria; Ripollés-Melchor, Javier; Mata, Javier; Vásquez, Javier Alberto Gutiérrez; Mitra, Jayanta Kumar; Tuech, Jean Jacques; Mvukiyehe, Jean Paul; Fallah, Jean-Michel; Díaz, Jeancarlos Trujillo; Vishnoi, Jeewan Ram; Van Den Eynde, Jef; Rickard, Jennifer; Rolinger, Jens; Kaplowitz, Jeremy; Meyer, Jeremy; Reid, Jeremy; Rossaak, Jeremy; Smelt, Jeremy; Thomas, Jerin Jose; Reyes, Jeryl Anne Silvia; Davies, Jessica; Luc, Jessica; Alonso, Jesús Aarón Martínez; Hajiioannou, Jiannis; Querney, Jill; Van Acker, Jill; Pu, Jingya Jane; Cama, Jitoko; Simoes, Joana; Cozens, Joanne; Barbosa-Breda, Joao; Ribeiro, João; De Haro, Joaquin; Nigh, Joe; Bowen, Joel; Pollok, Joerg Matthias; Strotmann, Johanna Josefine; Doerner, Johannes; Edwards, John; Green, John; Massoud, John; Mcgrath, John; Squiers, John; Street, John; Windsor, John; Santoshi, John Ashutosh; Meara, John G; Abebrese, John Tabiri; Reilly, John-Joe; Zabaleta, Jon; Phillips, Jonathan; Herron, Jonathan; Horsnell, Jonathan; Dawson, Jonathon; Sheen, Jonathon; Kauppila, Joonas H; Konsten, Joop; Raurich-Leandro, Jordi; Romera, Jorge Sanz; Nuñez, Jorge; Gass, Jörn-Markus; Blanco, Jose; Calvache, Jose Andres; Iturralde, Jose Luis Fadil; D’addino, José Luis; Hermosa, Jose María González; Guillen, Jose Ramon Oliver; Beristain-Hernandez, Jose-Luis; Sole-Sedeno, Josep M; Vives, Josep Maria Muñoz; Attwood, Joseph; Furey, Joseph; Hadaya, Joseph; Mckay, Joseph; Meilak, Joseph; Natale, Joseph; Shalhoub, Joseph; Jung, Josephine; Arthur, Joshua; Kealey, Joshua; Wright, Joshua; Moreau, Joshua; Miskovic, Josip; Juloski, Jovan; Bauset, Juan Carlos Catalá; Segura-Sampedro, Juan José; Cisneros, Juan Roberto Torres; Gomez-Rosado, Juan-Carlos; Arneja, Jugpal; Heider, Julia; Fernández, Julio Domenech; Plata-Bello, Julio; Villanueva, Julio; Olaogun, Julius; Hing, Jun Xian; Košir, Jurij Aleš; Daruwalla, Jurstine; Yeung, Justin; Wormald, Justin; Seyi-Olajide, Justina; Rani, Jyotsna; Wong, Kai Yuen; Hristova, Kalina; Kajal, Kamal; Algarni, Kamal; Theivendran, Kanthan; Futaba, Kaori; Elsayem, Karam; Kapur, Karan; Bailey, Karen; El-Boghdadly, Kariem; Ataya, Karim; Lacorbiniere, Karisha; Shah, Karishma; Tellez, Karla Susana Martin; Szyluk, Karol; Rangasamy, Karthick; Iyengar, Karthikeyan; Szabómihályová, Katarína; Atkinson, Kate; Camargo-Parra, Katherin; Galliard, Katherine; Dickson, Kathryn; Singh, Kathryn; Qader, Kawthar; Hasan, Kawthar; Spellar, Kayleigh; Feeney, Kaylem; Ajenifuja, Kayode; Oh, Ke En; Okunade, Kehinde; Adanu, Kekeli; Bateman, Kellie; Saracoglu, Kemal; Ho, Ken Weixing; Enwerem, Kenneth; Mishra, Keshav; Verhoeff, Kevin; Bensoltane, Khadidja; Larabi, Khadidja; Hamdan, Khairul Hazim; Nadi, Khaldoun; Fozo, Khaldoun; Abdelwahab, Khaled; Al-Sayaghi, Khaled; Dajani, Khaled; Algahtany, Khaled; Abdel-Galil, Khalid; Ahmed, Khalid; Bajunaid, Khalid; Bhatti, Khalid; Sofi, Khalid; Abdulsalam, Khalifa; Tamoos, Khalil; Dzhumabaev, Khasan; Samo, Khursheed Ahmed; Purich, Kieran; Madhvani, Kiran; Qin, Kirby R; Underwood, Kirk; Senanayake, Kithsiri Janakantha; Augestad, Knut Magne; Sigamoney, Kohila; Apostolou, Konstantinos; Bouchagier, Konstantinos; Bouliaris, Konstantinos; Bramis, Konstantinos; Gousias, Konstantinos; Lasithiotakis, Konstantinos; Paraskevopoulos, Konstantinos; Perivoliotis, Konstantinos; Roditis, Konstantinos; Stamatis, Konstantinos; Stroumpoulis, Konstantinos; Paraskevas, Kosmas I; Govindarajan, Krishna Kumar; Šimko, Kristián; Olson, Kristofor A; Khobragade, Krunal; Seah, Kt Matthew; Kishore, Kunal; Ayad, Kusay; Papavasiliou, Kyriakos; Angelou, Kyveli; Paniagua, Ladislao Cayetano; Czako, Ladislav; Ching, Laine Valerie Kongsun; Rai, Lajpat; Gupta, Lalit; Ismail, Lamiese; Mbodi, Langanani; Dasanayake, Lanka; Schröder, Lars; Baiyewu, Lateef Ayodele; Fortuna, Laura; Fernandez, Laura Gomez; Vivancos, Laura Guillamon; Jack, Laura; Keçi, Laura; Lavalle, Laura; Leonard, Laura; Shelmerdine, Lauren; Vaassen, Lauretta; Hasan, Layla; Lazarou, Lazaros; Tzelves, Lazaros; Matos, Leandro; Siragusa, Leandro; Licari, Leo; Lima, Leonardo Santos; Solaini, Leonardo; Lichman, Leonid; Moral, Leopoldo Tapia; Cabeza, Leticia; Kaplan, Lewis; Valeanu, Liana; Kaman, Lileswar; Karout, Lina; Pieteris, Linas; Chan, Linda; Grüßer, Linda; Zamora, Lindsey; Catarzi, Lisa; Rampersad, Lisa; Anyanwu, Lofty-John; Cheung, Lok Ka; Rodríguez, Lorena Varela; Andreani, Lorenzo; Cobianchi, Lorenzo; Petagna, Lorenzo; Howse, Louise; Gonzalez, Lourdes Elorduy; Bains, Lovenish; Vohra, Lubna; Ansaloni, Luca; Bertolaccini, Luca; Ferrario, Luca; Orecchia, Luca; Tirloni, Luca; Zanin, Luca; Morelli, Luca; Scaravilli, Luca; Locatello, Luca Giovanni; García, Lucia Diego; Vida, Lucian; Carbone, Ludovico; Heindl, Ludwig Maximilian; Bonavina, Luigi; Conti, Luigi; Marano, Luigi; Verre, Luigi; Conte, Luigi Eduardo; Boccalatte, Luis; Tellez, Luis Garcia-Sancho; Loureiro, Luis; Sánchez-Guillén, Luis; Tallon-Aguilar, Luis; Nakano, Luis; Alvarez-Lozada, Luis Adrian; Gonzalez, Luis Angel Suarez; Flórez, Luis Joaquín García; Capitan-Morales, Luis-Cristobal; Kowalski, Luiz Paulo; Widmer, Lukas Werner; Harper, Luke; Render, Luke; Wheldon, Luke; Abdur-Rahman, Lukman; Doğan, Lütfi; Prusty, Lydia; Katsiaras, Lykoyrgos; Gourbault, Lysander; Siddiqui, M Tayyab; Saleh, Ma'moun; Karthigeyan, Madhivanan; Rodriguez, Magdiel; Chowdhury, Mahbub; Nagappa, Mahesh; Sultania, Mahesh; Bashir, Mahmod; Alam, Mahmood; Elshahawy, Mahmoud Abdelaziz Mohamed; Elfiky, Mahmoud; Loubani, Mahmoud; Marei, Mahmoud; Mewafy, Mahmoud; Alali, Mahmoud; Nassar, Mahmoud A; Alobied, Majd; Bilfaqirah, Majed; Ahmad, Maleeha; Rius, Malena; Manangi, Mallikarjuna; Dornseifer, Mamun David; Tripathi, Manjul; S, Manjula; Sokolov, Manol; Pigeolet, Manon; Alonso, Manuel Diez; Losada, Manuel; Carretero, Manuel Moriche; Tousidonis, Manuel; Cotovio, Manuel Damasio; Wijeyaratne, Manuk; Boira, Mar Achalandabaso; Franza, Mara; Albdour, Maram; Alkhatieb, Maram; Déserts, Marc Danguy Des; Niewiera, Marc; Vallve-Bernal, Marc; Kavanagh, Marcel Marjanović; Migliore, Marcello; Calabrò, Marcello; Martino, Marcello Di; Reicher, Marcello; Baia, Marco; Caricato, Marco; Clementi, Marco; De Zuanni, Marco; Fiore, Marco; Giacometti, Marco; Inama, Marco; Maestri, Marco; Materazzo, Marco; Sparavigna, Marco; Pascale, Marco Maria; Nemeth, Marcus; Serra, Margherita; Fahim, Margo Medhat Fouad; Soucheiron, Maria Coronas; Papadoliopoulou, Maria; Wittmann, Maria; Sotiropoulou, Maria; García-Conde, María; Ranucci, Maria Chiara; Amo, María Dolores Arribas Del; Boedo, Maria Jesus Maroño; Velázquez, Maria Jose Martinez; Pissaridou, Maria Katerina; Petersen, Maria Laura; Sacras, Maria Luís; Modolo, Maria Marta; Caubet, Maria Mercedes; Di Nuzzo, Maria Michela; Ntalouka, Maria P; Menna, Maria Paola; Aguilera-Arevalo, Maria-Lorena; Rela, Mariam; Capuano, Marianna; Hollyman, Marianne; Olivos, Maricarmen; Sacdalan, Marie Dione; Raphael, Marie-Claire; Takkenberg, Marijn; Bortul, Marina; Cabrera, Marino; Castaño, Mario; D'oria, Mario; Giuffrida, Mario; Laborde, Mario Mella; Rodriguez-Lopez, Mario; Trejo-Avila, Mario; Papa, Mario Virgilio; Ghobrial, Marios; Kryzauskas, Marius; Anwer, Mariyah; Cheetham, Mark; Davies, Mark; Higgins, Mark; Siboe, Mark; Tarle, Marko; Velten, Markus; Wurm, Markus; Süleyman, Marlen; Bauer, Marlies; O’dwyer, Marliza; Caretto, Marta; De La Rosa-Estadella, Marta; Fragoso, Marta; Serra, Marta Lopes; Merayo, Marta; Golet, Marta Roldón; Martínez-Sánchez, Marta Isabel; Domingo, Marta María Arroyo; Gosselink, Martijn; Batstone, Martin; Reichert, Martin; Salö, Martin; Soljic, Martina; Zambon, Martina; Angeles, Martina Aida; Abdulkhaleq, Marwa; Abdelkarim, Maryam; Alsefri, Maryam; Iwasaki, Masae; Shiota, Masaki; Veroux, Massimiliano; Molina-Corbacho, Matilde; Frasson, Matteo; Serenari, Matteo; De Pastena, Matteo; Desio, Matteo; Risaliti, Matteo; Rottoli, Matteo; Bence, Matthew; Chan, Matthew; Watson, Matthew; Wiles, Matthew; Boisson, Matthieu; Berselli, Mattia; Capobianco, Mattia; Di Bartolomeo, Mattia; Fehervari, Matyas; Pacilli, Maurizio; Romano, Maurizio; Zizzo, Maurizio; Domanin, Maurizio; Montuori, Mauro; Podda, Mauro; Zago, Mauro; Dzogbefia, Mawutor; Frountzas, Maximos; Thaw, May Htoo; Al-Juaifari, Maytham; Gharat, Mayur; Mohamed, Mazin; Hannan, Md Jafrul; Venketeswaran, Meenakshi; Chisthi, Meer; Dessalegn, Megbar; Kaplan, Mehmet; Çakıcı, Mehmet Çağlar; Ulutaş, Mehmet Eşref; Hassan, Mekki; Elsadek, Menan; Mengesha, Mengistu G; Gómez, Mercedes Estaire; Elbadawy, Merihan A; Pitcher, Meron; Tanal, Mert; Tokocin, Merve; Ergenç, Merve; Çelik, Meryem Nur; Bareka, Metaxia; Pekcici, Mevlut Recep; Cappuccio, Micaela; Dasa, Michael; Dewan, Michael; El Boghdady, Michael; Ezeanochie, Michael; Greenhalgh, Michael; Jenkinson, Michael; Kelly, Michael; Spartalis, Michael; Zyskowski, Michael; Racine, Michaël; De Cillia, Michael; Chu, Michael Jen Jie; Mallmann, Michael R; Zhu, Michael Z L; Klimovskij, Michail; Vailas, Michail; Kisielewski, Michał; Adamina, Michel; Campanelli, Michela; Carvello, Michele; Ammendola, Michele; Manigrasso, Michele; Scopelliti, Michele; White, Michelle; Collins, Michelle L; Chevallay, Mickael; Borges, Miguel Fróis; Mayo-Yáñez, Miguel; Melo, Miguel Rocha; Ruiz-Marín, Miguel; Eiras, Miguel Angel Freiria; Cunha, Miguel F; Pertea, Mihaela; Slavchev, Mihail; Davidescu, Mihnea; Prieto, Mikel; Agapov, Mikhail; Gahwagi, Milad; Prats, Milagros Carrasco; Rudic, Milan; Verbic, Milena Senica; Kostusiak, Milosz; Stoleriu, Mircea Gabriel; Lucas, Miriam Abellan; Barone, Mirko; Ahmad, Misbahu; Alemu, Misganaw Alemu Adimass; Fatima, Mishal; Ida, Mitsuru; Sahu, Mo; Muhaisen, Mo'nes; Salem, Moacyr; Emara, Moataz Maher; Oludara, Mobolaji; Sotudeh, Mohadeseh; Kassab, Mohamad B; Abdelkhalek, Mohamed; Alsori, Mohamed; Anwar, Mohamed; El-Kassas, Mohamed; Elbahnasawy, Mohamed; Eldabaa, Mohamed; Rabie, Mohamed; Hassanin, Mohamed Abdelghafor; Thaha, Mohamed Adhnan; Ali, Mohamed Shafi Mahboob; Alhamid, Mohammad; Almoshantaf, Mohammad Badr; Keramati, Mohammad Reza; Bafaquh, Mohammed; Abuzaid, Mohammed; Al-Shehari, Mohammed; Alharthi, Mohammed; Alkahlan, Mohammed; Alwash, Mohammed; Alyousef, Mohammed; Amir, Mohammed; Basendowah, Mohammed; Deputy, Mohammed; Jibreel, Mohammed; Alam, Mohammed Shadrul; Alsharif, Mohammed; Issahalq, Mohammed Duah; Omer, Mohammed Eltahier Abdalla; Abubakar, Mohammed Kabir; Draman, Mohd Rusdi; Elnour, Moheyaldien Ahmed Elamin; Eltayeb, Momin; Castillo, Monica Noguez; Jawad, Monir; Raut, Monish; Ghalleb, Montassar; Katsura, Morihiro; Lebe, Moritz; Abbas, Mostafa; Abdelrahman, Mostafa; Shalaby, Mostafa; Farhan-Alanie, Muhamed; Farooq, Muhammad; Musadaq, Muhammad; Arshad, Muhammad; Anjum, Muhammad Ayyub; Usman, Muhammad; Chaudhary, Muhammad Amjad; Raza, Muhammad Asif; Karim, Muhammad Fairuz Shah Abd; Chaudhary, Muhammad Hamid; Janjua, Muhammad Haris; Khokhar, Muhammad Imran; Malik, Muhammad Isfandyar Khan; Pirzada, Muhammad Taqi; Younis, Muhammad Umar; Elhadi, Muhammed; Suer, Muhammed Salih; Ergenç, Muhammer; Binnawara, Muhannud; Emmanuel, Muhawenimana; Abbasi, Mujeeb; Naimzada, Mukhammad David; Kulimbet, Mukhtar; Kusunoki, Munenori; Eugene, Muneza; Chauhan, Munish; Shokor, Muntaser Abu; Aljiffry, Murad; Kalın, Murat; Kurawa, Musbahu; Dincer, Müserref Beril; Tolani, Musliu Adetola; Soytas, Mustafa; Yakubu, Mustapha; Usman, Mustapha Ibrahim; Aremu, Muyiwa; Paranyak, Mykola; Talat, Nabila; Kausar, Nabila; Dudi-Venkata, Nagendra; Bazzi, Nagham; Hasan, Najat Ben; Van Wyk, Naomi Natasha; Shaban, Naseebah; Almgla, Naser; Kandevani, Naser Yousefzadeh; Alzerwi, Nasser; Alvarez, Natalia; Motas, Natalia; Rincón, Natalia Andrea Rivera; Blencowe, Natalie; Simon, Natalie; Aghtarafi, Natasha; Ghuman, Navdeep Kaur; Sharma, Naveen; Wijekoon, Naveen; Kumar, Navin; Hassan, Naya; Onyemaechi, Ndubuisi; Prijović, Nebojša; Özçay, Necdet; Goel, Neha; Segaren, Neil; Sharma, Neil; Kalyva, Nektaria; Palacios, Nelson Morales; Alonso, Nestor Fabian Pedraza; Onyeagwara, Ngozi; Petrucciani, Niccolò; Daddi, Niccolo’; Lightfoot, Nicholas; Power, Nicholas; Segaren, Nicholas; Starr, Nichole; Dreger, Nici Markus; Cillara, Nicola; Colucci, Nicola; Eardley, Nicola; Tartaglia, Nicola; Zanini, Nicola; Bacalbasa, Nicolae; Campuzano, Nicolas; Mouawad, Nicolas; Federico, Nicoletta Sveva Pipitone; Tamini, Nicolò; Mariani, Nicolò Maria; Beasley, Nigel; Adu-Aryee, Nii Armah; Burlov, Nikita; Dimitrokallis, Nikolaos; Gouvas, Nikolaos; Machairas, Nikolaos; Memos, Nikolaos; Thomakos, Nikolaos; Tsakiridis, Nikolaos; Schizas, Nikolaos; Börner, Nikolaus; Theochari, Nikoletta; Al-Saadi, Nina; Glass, Nina; Horesh, Nir; R, Nissi Evelyn; Gahlot, Nitesh; Ismail, Nizar; Aljirdabi, Noof; Maria, Noor Ul Huda; Trabulsi, Nora; Akeel, Nouf; Borges, Nuno; Moda, Nupur; Redondo, Nuria Villacé; Nyarko, Obed Ofori; Ginghina, Octav; Enciu, Octavian; Okere, Oghenekevwe; Ekwunife, Okechukwu Hyginus; Quadri, Oladeji; Ogundoyin, Olakayode; Tucker, Olga; Mateo-Sierra, Olga; Azzis, Olivier; Ojewuyi, Olufemi; Habeeb, Olufemi; Idowu, Olufemi; Elebute, Olumide; Agboola, Oluseyi; Ladipo-Ajayi, Oluwaseun; Oyinloye, Oluwaseun; Adebola, Oluwaseyi; Ekor, Oluwayemisi; Ogundoyin, Oluwole; Salamanca, Omar; Vergara-Fernandez, Omar; Wafi, Omar; Aladawi, Omar; Bahassan, Omar Mohammed; Tammo, Ömer; Ozkan, Omer Faruk; Williams, Omolara Modupe; Salami, Omotayo; Akinajo, Opeyemi; Sakhov, Orazbek; Gallo, Oreste; Sole, Oriol Martin; Milella, Oronzo; Alser, Osaid; Bettar, Osama Al; Alomar, Osama; Osman, Osama Saeed; Aisuodionoe-Shadrach, Oseremen; Basnayake, Oshan; Bozbiyik, Osman; Hodges, Owen; Ojo, Owolabi; Yanık, Özge; Mutlu, Özgecan Pırıl Zanbak; Kazan, Ozgur; Calavia, Pablo; García, Pablo Rodríguez; Urriza, Pablo Vallés; Lopez, Paloma Rodriguez; Christidis, Panagiotis; Dorovinis, Panagiotis; Kokoropoulos, Panagiotis; Mourmouris, Panagiotis; Papatheodorou, Panayiotis; Garg, Pankaj Kumar; Patel, Panna; Vassiliu, Panteleimon; Campennì, Paola; De Nardi, Paola; Bernante, Paolo; Ubiali, Paolo; Baroffio, Paolo; Pizzini, Paolo; Sapienza, Paolo; Myrelid, Par; Chatzikomnitsa, Paraskevi; Tsiantoula, Paraskevi; Gada, Parth; Avella, Pasquale; Cianci, Pasquale; Romero, Patricia; Méndez, Patricia Serrano; Pazmiño, Patricio Andrés Freile; Coughlin, Patrick; Kirchweger, Patrick; Pessaux, Patrick; Maguire, Patrick J; Petrone, Patrizio; Cullis, Paul; Köglberger, Paul; Marriott, Paul; Nankivell, Paul; Santos-Costa, Paulo; Martins, Paulo N; Panahi, Pedram; Botelho, Pedro; Teixeira, Pedro; Escobar, Pedro; Vázquez, Pedro José Gil; Gribnev, Petar; Nolte, Peter; Agbonrofo, Peter; Bobak, Peter; Choong, Peter; Elbe, Peter; Hutchinson, Peter; Labib, Peter; Paal, Peter; Pockney, Peter; Reemst, Peter; Szatmary, Peter; Vaughan-Shaw, Peter G; Alexander, Philip; Pucher, Philip; Stather, Philip; Foessleitner, Philipp; Winnand, Philipp; Zehnder, Philipp; Kruse, Philippe; Matos, Philomena Alice Wawer; Lapolla, Pierfrancesco; Cicerchia, Pierfranco Maria; Solli, Piergiorgio; Di Lascio, Pierpaolo; Zarif, Pierre; Champagne, Pierre-Olivier; 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Reducing the environmental impact of surgery on a global scale: systematic review and co-prioritization with healthcare workers in 132 countries

Tarsitano, Achille;Conti, Alfredo;Romano, Angela;Gatta, Anna Nunzia Della;Torre, Beatrice;Nardo, Bruno;Pacilio, Carlo Alberto;Milanesi, Damiano;Morezzi, Daniele;Raimondo, Diego;La Corte, Emanuele;Capozzi, Enrico;Calini, Giacomo;Dolci, Giampiero;Franceschini, Gianluca;Giannaccare, Giuseppe;Russo, Iris Shari;Solaini, Leonardo;Maestri, Marco;Serenari, Matteo;Rottoli, Matteo;