The measurement and emulation of audio systems (devices, environments and sound boxes) have been walked in these years. The most-used methods to obtain information about an audio system are those based on measuring its impulse response (IR). Once the IR has been caught it is possible to recreate, by the use of linear convolution, the output signal that the audio system will generate when it is physically driven by any input signal. This method gives great results if the system is linear and time-invariant (environments behaviour is much linear and therefore its reverberant effect can be faithfully recreated using IRs) but not satisfactory in other cases, such as the emulation of tube preamps (mainly nonlinear) and musical instruments. Since the musical instruments cannot be considered completely linear, their musical performance might be analysed properly considering also their nonlinear behaviour. By using Volterra series it is possible to represent the inputoutput relationship of nonlinear systems. This mathematical theory uses a set of impulse responses to describe the system and not only one as before. By an enhanced impulse response measurement method it is possible to obtain this set of impulses and then with Volterra series it would be possible to have the output of the audio system driven by any input. A special numerical tool has been developed to recreate the system behaviour by using this method. Satisfactory results have been obtained in comparison with the traditional linear convolution based approach

The use of Volterra Series for simulating the nonlinear behaviour of musical instruments

TRONCHIN, LAMBERTO;
2010

Abstract

The measurement and emulation of audio systems (devices, environments and sound boxes) have been walked in these years. The most-used methods to obtain information about an audio system are those based on measuring its impulse response (IR). Once the IR has been caught it is possible to recreate, by the use of linear convolution, the output signal that the audio system will generate when it is physically driven by any input signal. This method gives great results if the system is linear and time-invariant (environments behaviour is much linear and therefore its reverberant effect can be faithfully recreated using IRs) but not satisfactory in other cases, such as the emulation of tube preamps (mainly nonlinear) and musical instruments. Since the musical instruments cannot be considered completely linear, their musical performance might be analysed properly considering also their nonlinear behaviour. By using Volterra series it is possible to represent the inputoutput relationship of nonlinear systems. This mathematical theory uses a set of impulse responses to describe the system and not only one as before. By an enhanced impulse response measurement method it is possible to obtain this set of impulses and then with Volterra series it would be possible to have the output of the audio system driven by any input. A special numerical tool has been developed to recreate the system behaviour by using this method. Satisfactory results have been obtained in comparison with the traditional linear convolution based approach
Proceedings of Vienna Talks - "Bridging the gaps"
141
144
L. TRONCHIN; A. VENTURI
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/92242
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