The footprint of LoTSS-DR2 covers 309 PSZ2 galaxy clusters, 83 of which host a radio halo and 26 host a radio relic(s). It provides us an excellent opportunity to statistically study the properties of extended cluster radio sources, especially their connection with merging activities. We aim to quantify cluster dynamic states to investigate their relation with the occurrence of extended radio sources. We also search for connections between intracluster medium (ICM) turbulence and nonthermal characteristics of radio halos in the LoTSS-DR2. We analyzed XMM-Newton and Chandra archival X-ray data and computed concentration parameters and centroid shifts that indicate the dynamic states of the clusters. We also performed a power spectral analysis of the X-ray surface brightness (SB) fluctuations to investigate large-scale density perturbations and estimate the turbulent velocity dispersion. The power spectral analysis results in a large scatter density fluctuation amplitude. We therefore only found a marginal anticorrelation between density fluctuations and cluster relaxation state, and we did not find a correlation between density fluctuations and radio halo power. Nevertheless, the injected power for particle acceleration calculated from turbulent dissipation is correlated with the radio halo power, where the best-fit unity slope supports the turbulent (re)acceleration scenario. Two different acceleration models, transit-time damping and adiabatic stochastic acceleration, cannot be distinguished due to the large scatter of the estimated turbulent Mach number. We introduced a new quantity $[kT\cdot Y_X]_{r_\mathrm{RH}}$, which is proportional to the turbulent acceleration power assuming a constant Mach number. This quantity is strongly correlated with radio halo power, where the slope is also unity....

The Planck clusters in the LOFAR sky. III. LoTSS-DR2: Dynamic states and density fluctuations of the intracluster medium / Zhang, X.; Simionescu, A.; Gastaldello, F.; Eckert, D.; Camillini, L.; Natale, R.; Rossetti, M.; Brunetti, G.; Akamatsu, H.; Botteon, A.; Cassano, R.; Cuciti, V.; Bruno, L.; Shimwell, T. W.; Jones, A.; Kaastra, J. S.; Ettori, S.; Brüggen, M.; de Gasperin, F.; Drabent, A.; van Weeren, R. J.; Röttgering, H. J. A.. - In: ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS. - ISSN 0004-6361. - ELETTRONICO. - 672:(2023), pp. A42.42-A42.60. [10.1051/0004-6361/202244761]

The Planck clusters in the LOFAR sky. III. LoTSS-DR2: Dynamic states and density fluctuations of the intracluster medium

Gastaldello, F.;Brunetti, G.;Botteon, A.;Cassano, R.;Cuciti, V.;Bruno, L.;
2023

Abstract

The footprint of LoTSS-DR2 covers 309 PSZ2 galaxy clusters, 83 of which host a radio halo and 26 host a radio relic(s). It provides us an excellent opportunity to statistically study the properties of extended cluster radio sources, especially their connection with merging activities. We aim to quantify cluster dynamic states to investigate their relation with the occurrence of extended radio sources. We also search for connections between intracluster medium (ICM) turbulence and nonthermal characteristics of radio halos in the LoTSS-DR2. We analyzed XMM-Newton and Chandra archival X-ray data and computed concentration parameters and centroid shifts that indicate the dynamic states of the clusters. We also performed a power spectral analysis of the X-ray surface brightness (SB) fluctuations to investigate large-scale density perturbations and estimate the turbulent velocity dispersion. The power spectral analysis results in a large scatter density fluctuation amplitude. We therefore only found a marginal anticorrelation between density fluctuations and cluster relaxation state, and we did not find a correlation between density fluctuations and radio halo power. Nevertheless, the injected power for particle acceleration calculated from turbulent dissipation is correlated with the radio halo power, where the best-fit unity slope supports the turbulent (re)acceleration scenario. Two different acceleration models, transit-time damping and adiabatic stochastic acceleration, cannot be distinguished due to the large scatter of the estimated turbulent Mach number. We introduced a new quantity $[kT\cdot Y_X]_{r_\mathrm{RH}}$, which is proportional to the turbulent acceleration power assuming a constant Mach number. This quantity is strongly correlated with radio halo power, where the slope is also unity....
2023
The Planck clusters in the LOFAR sky. III. LoTSS-DR2: Dynamic states and density fluctuations of the intracluster medium / Zhang, X.; Simionescu, A.; Gastaldello, F.; Eckert, D.; Camillini, L.; Natale, R.; Rossetti, M.; Brunetti, G.; Akamatsu, H.; Botteon, A.; Cassano, R.; Cuciti, V.; Bruno, L.; Shimwell, T. W.; Jones, A.; Kaastra, J. S.; Ettori, S.; Brüggen, M.; de Gasperin, F.; Drabent, A.; van Weeren, R. J.; Röttgering, H. J. A.. - In: ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS. - ISSN 0004-6361. - ELETTRONICO. - 672:(2023), pp. A42.42-A42.60. [10.1051/0004-6361/202244761]
Zhang, X.; Simionescu, A.; Gastaldello, F.; Eckert, D.; Camillini, L.; Natale, R.; Rossetti, M.; Brunetti, G.; Akamatsu, H.; Botteon, A.; Cassano, R.; Cuciti, V.; Bruno, L.; Shimwell, T. W.; Jones, A.; Kaastra, J. S.; Ettori, S.; Brüggen, M.; de Gasperin, F.; Drabent, A.; van Weeren, R. J.; Röttgering, H. J. A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/922134
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