Background The present research studied the interaction of two ribosome-inactivating proteins (RIPs) from Adenia genus with HeLa cells. Namely, lanceolin and stenodactylin were examined in comparison to volkensin, another toxic two-chain RIP from Adenia genus. Methods The binding, endocytosis, intracellular routing, degradation and exocytosis were investigated by measuring the distribution of radiolabelled RIP and by determining its cytotoxicity. Results Stenodactylin was the most toxic, resulting in the greater inhibition of protein synthesis and cell death. Lanceolin and stenodactylin bound to cells with comparable affinity and have a similar number of binding sites (105/cell). The uptake of lanceolin and stenodactylin was 10 and 30 times greater, respectively, than that reported for volkensin. The two toxins bound to cell membrane receptors via their lectin B chain, were endocytosed through a clathrin-independent pathway, were internalised in a manner independent from endosomal acidification, and required routing through the Golgi apparatus, as reported for modeccin and volkensin. Stenodactylin showed greater uptake, exocytosis and re-uptake of non-degraded RIP than lanceolin and volkensin, whereas volkensin had the highest residual activity after being released from the cell. Conclusions The high cytotoxicity of RIPs from the Adenia genus may depend on the following: high affinity binding to the cell and efficient endocytosis, intracellular routing that appears similar to that of other ricin-like toxic RIPs, partial resistance to proteolysis, and, regarding stenodactylin, high accumulation in cell. General significance The data provide a model that could lead to new strategies for anti-cancer therapy and neuroscience studies.

Binding and intracellular routing of the plant-toxic lectins, lanceolin and stenodactylin

BATTELLI, MARIA GIULIA;SCICCHITANO, VITTORIA;POLITO, LETIZIA;FARINI, VALENTINA;BARBIERI, LUIGI;BOLOGNESI, ANDREA
2010

Abstract

Background The present research studied the interaction of two ribosome-inactivating proteins (RIPs) from Adenia genus with HeLa cells. Namely, lanceolin and stenodactylin were examined in comparison to volkensin, another toxic two-chain RIP from Adenia genus. Methods The binding, endocytosis, intracellular routing, degradation and exocytosis were investigated by measuring the distribution of radiolabelled RIP and by determining its cytotoxicity. Results Stenodactylin was the most toxic, resulting in the greater inhibition of protein synthesis and cell death. Lanceolin and stenodactylin bound to cells with comparable affinity and have a similar number of binding sites (105/cell). The uptake of lanceolin and stenodactylin was 10 and 30 times greater, respectively, than that reported for volkensin. The two toxins bound to cell membrane receptors via their lectin B chain, were endocytosed through a clathrin-independent pathway, were internalised in a manner independent from endosomal acidification, and required routing through the Golgi apparatus, as reported for modeccin and volkensin. Stenodactylin showed greater uptake, exocytosis and re-uptake of non-degraded RIP than lanceolin and volkensin, whereas volkensin had the highest residual activity after being released from the cell. Conclusions The high cytotoxicity of RIPs from the Adenia genus may depend on the following: high affinity binding to the cell and efficient endocytosis, intracellular routing that appears similar to that of other ricin-like toxic RIPs, partial resistance to proteolysis, and, regarding stenodactylin, high accumulation in cell. General significance The data provide a model that could lead to new strategies for anti-cancer therapy and neuroscience studies.
Battelli M.G.; Scicchitano V.; Polito L.; Farini V.; Barbieri L.; Bolognesi A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/92183
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