Timely delivery of adjuvant chemotherapy has been shown to be advantageous in many human cancers and canine osteosarcoma. Adjuvant chemotherapy has been shown to improve outcome for canine splenic hemangiosarcoma. The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate whether timely adjuvant chemotherapy administration resulted in better outcome in dogs with non-metastatic splenic hemangiosarcoma undergoing splenectomy. Medical records were searched for dogs with non-metastatic, splenic hemangiosarcoma that received splenectomy and adjuvant chemotherapy. The number of days from surgery to the first chemotherapy dose (StoC) was evaluated to identify the cut-off value associated with the best survival advantage. StoC and other possible prognostic factors were tested for influence on time to metastasis (TTM) and overall survival (OS). Seventy dogs were included. Median StoC was 20 days (range: 4-70). The time interval associated with the greatest survival benefit was 21 days. Median TTM and OS of dogs with StoC <= 21 days were significantly longer than those with StoC > 21 days (TTM: 163 vs. 118 days, p = .001; OS: 238 vs. 146 days, p < .001). On multivariable analysis, StoC > 21 days was the only variable significantly associated with increased risk of tumour progression (HR 2.1, p = .010) and death (HR 2.3; p = .008). Starting adjuvant chemotherapy within 21 days of surgery may be associated with a survival benefit in dogs with non metastatic splenic hemangiosarcoma, possibly due to the early targeting of newly recruited metastatic cells after surgery.

Timely adjuvant chemotherapy improves outcome in dogs with non-metastatic splenic hemangiosarcoma undergoing splenectomy / Faroni, E; Sabattini, S; Guerra, D; Iannuzzi, C; Chalfon, C; Agnoli, C; Stefanello, D; Polton, G; Ramos, S; Aralla, M; Ciaccini, R; Foglia, A; Okonji, S; Marconato, L. - In: VETERINARY AND COMPARATIVE ONCOLOGY. - ISSN 1476-5810. - ELETTRONICO. - 21:1(2023), pp. 123-130. [10.1111/vco.12875]

Timely adjuvant chemotherapy improves outcome in dogs with non-metastatic splenic hemangiosarcoma undergoing splenectomy

Faroni, E
;
Sabattini, S;Guerra, D;Iannuzzi, C;Chalfon, C;Agnoli, C;Stefanello, D;Foglia, A;Okonji, S;Marconato, L
2023

Abstract

Timely delivery of adjuvant chemotherapy has been shown to be advantageous in many human cancers and canine osteosarcoma. Adjuvant chemotherapy has been shown to improve outcome for canine splenic hemangiosarcoma. The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate whether timely adjuvant chemotherapy administration resulted in better outcome in dogs with non-metastatic splenic hemangiosarcoma undergoing splenectomy. Medical records were searched for dogs with non-metastatic, splenic hemangiosarcoma that received splenectomy and adjuvant chemotherapy. The number of days from surgery to the first chemotherapy dose (StoC) was evaluated to identify the cut-off value associated with the best survival advantage. StoC and other possible prognostic factors were tested for influence on time to metastasis (TTM) and overall survival (OS). Seventy dogs were included. Median StoC was 20 days (range: 4-70). The time interval associated with the greatest survival benefit was 21 days. Median TTM and OS of dogs with StoC <= 21 days were significantly longer than those with StoC > 21 days (TTM: 163 vs. 118 days, p = .001; OS: 238 vs. 146 days, p < .001). On multivariable analysis, StoC > 21 days was the only variable significantly associated with increased risk of tumour progression (HR 2.1, p = .010) and death (HR 2.3; p = .008). Starting adjuvant chemotherapy within 21 days of surgery may be associated with a survival benefit in dogs with non metastatic splenic hemangiosarcoma, possibly due to the early targeting of newly recruited metastatic cells after surgery.
2023
Timely adjuvant chemotherapy improves outcome in dogs with non-metastatic splenic hemangiosarcoma undergoing splenectomy / Faroni, E; Sabattini, S; Guerra, D; Iannuzzi, C; Chalfon, C; Agnoli, C; Stefanello, D; Polton, G; Ramos, S; Aralla, M; Ciaccini, R; Foglia, A; Okonji, S; Marconato, L. - In: VETERINARY AND COMPARATIVE ONCOLOGY. - ISSN 1476-5810. - ELETTRONICO. - 21:1(2023), pp. 123-130. [10.1111/vco.12875]
Faroni, E; Sabattini, S; Guerra, D; Iannuzzi, C; Chalfon, C; Agnoli, C; Stefanello, D; Polton, G; Ramos, S; Aralla, M; Ciaccini, R; Foglia, A; Okonji, S; Marconato, L
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/921431
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