Since Tversky's (1977) seminal investigation, the triangle inequality, along with symmetry and mini-mality, have had a central role in investigations of the fundamental constraints on human similarity judgments. The meaning of minimality and symmetry in similarity judgments has been straightforward, but this is not the case for the triangle inequality. Expressed in terms of dissimilarities, and assuming a simple, linear function between dissimilarities and distances, the triangle inequality constraint implies that human behaviour should be consistent with Dissimilarity (A,B) Dissimilarity (B,C) &gt;= Dissimilarity (A,C), where A, B, and C are any three stimuli. We show how we can translate this constraint into one for similarities, using Shepard's (1987) generalization law, and so derive the multiplicative triangle inequality for similarities, Sim(A, C) &gt;= Sim(A, B). Sim(B, C) where 0 &lt;= Sim(x,y) &lt;= 1. Can humans violate the multiplicative triangle inequality? An empirical demonstration shows that they can. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

### The triangle inequality constraint in similarity judgments

#### Abstract

Since Tversky's (1977) seminal investigation, the triangle inequality, along with symmetry and mini-mality, have had a central role in investigations of the fundamental constraints on human similarity judgments. The meaning of minimality and symmetry in similarity judgments has been straightforward, but this is not the case for the triangle inequality. Expressed in terms of dissimilarities, and assuming a simple, linear function between dissimilarities and distances, the triangle inequality constraint implies that human behaviour should be consistent with Dissimilarity (A,B) Dissimilarity (B,C) >= Dissimilarity (A,C), where A, B, and C are any three stimuli. We show how we can translate this constraint into one for similarities, using Shepard's (1987) generalization law, and so derive the multiplicative triangle inequality for similarities, Sim(A, C) >= Sim(A, B). Sim(B, C) where 0 <= Sim(x,y) <= 1. Can humans violate the multiplicative triangle inequality? An empirical demonstration shows that they can. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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2017
Yearsley, James M; Barque-Duran, Albert; Scerrati, Elisa; Hampton, James A; Pothos, Emmanuel M
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: `https://hdl.handle.net/11585/920367`
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