This study investigated the impact of the fourth COVID-19 pandemic wave on dialysis patients of Romagna territory, assessing the associations of vaccination status with infection risk, clinical severity and mortality. From November 2021 to February 2022, an epidemiological search was conducted on 829 patients under dialysis treatment for at least one month. The data were then analyzed with reference to the general population of the same area. A temporal comparison was also carried out with the previous pandemic waves (from March 2020 to October 2021). The epidemiological evolution over time in the dialysis population and in Romagna citizens replicated the global trend, as the peak of the fourth wave corresponded to the time of maximum diffusion of omicron variant (B.1.1.529). Of 771 prevalent dialysis patients at the beginning of the study, 109 (14.1%) contracted SARS-CoV-2 infection during the 4-month observation period. Vaccine adherence in the dialysis population of the reference area was above 95%. Compared to fully or partially vaccinated subjects, the unvaccinated ones showed a significantly higher proportion of infections (12.5% vs. 27.0% p = 0.0341), a more frequent need for hospitalization (22.2% vs. 50.0%) and a 3.3-fold increased mortality risk. These findings confirm the effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccines in keeping infectious risk under control and ameliorating clinical outcomes in immunocompromised patients.

Efficacy of SARS-CoV-2 Vaccination in Dialysis Patients: Epidemiological Analysis and Evaluation of the Clinical Progress / Mosconi, Giovanni; Fantini, Michela; Righini, Matteo; Flachi, Marta; Semprini, Simona; Hu, Lilio; Chiappo, Francesca; Veterani, Barbara; Ambri, Katia; Ferrini, Franca; Milanesi, Catia; Giudicissi, Antonio; La Manna, Gaetano; Rigotti, Angelo; Buscaroli, Andrea; Sambri, Vittorio; Cappuccilli, Maria. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 2077-0383. - STAMPA. - 11:16(2022), pp. 4723.1-4723.14. [10.3390/jcm11164723]

Efficacy of SARS-CoV-2 Vaccination in Dialysis Patients: Epidemiological Analysis and Evaluation of the Clinical Progress

Righini, Matteo;Hu, Lilio;Chiappo, Francesca
;
La Manna, Gaetano;Buscaroli, Andrea;Sambri, Vittorio;Cappuccilli, Maria
2022

Abstract

This study investigated the impact of the fourth COVID-19 pandemic wave on dialysis patients of Romagna territory, assessing the associations of vaccination status with infection risk, clinical severity and mortality. From November 2021 to February 2022, an epidemiological search was conducted on 829 patients under dialysis treatment for at least one month. The data were then analyzed with reference to the general population of the same area. A temporal comparison was also carried out with the previous pandemic waves (from March 2020 to October 2021). The epidemiological evolution over time in the dialysis population and in Romagna citizens replicated the global trend, as the peak of the fourth wave corresponded to the time of maximum diffusion of omicron variant (B.1.1.529). Of 771 prevalent dialysis patients at the beginning of the study, 109 (14.1%) contracted SARS-CoV-2 infection during the 4-month observation period. Vaccine adherence in the dialysis population of the reference area was above 95%. Compared to fully or partially vaccinated subjects, the unvaccinated ones showed a significantly higher proportion of infections (12.5% vs. 27.0% p = 0.0341), a more frequent need for hospitalization (22.2% vs. 50.0%) and a 3.3-fold increased mortality risk. These findings confirm the effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccines in keeping infectious risk under control and ameliorating clinical outcomes in immunocompromised patients.
2022
Efficacy of SARS-CoV-2 Vaccination in Dialysis Patients: Epidemiological Analysis and Evaluation of the Clinical Progress / Mosconi, Giovanni; Fantini, Michela; Righini, Matteo; Flachi, Marta; Semprini, Simona; Hu, Lilio; Chiappo, Francesca; Veterani, Barbara; Ambri, Katia; Ferrini, Franca; Milanesi, Catia; Giudicissi, Antonio; La Manna, Gaetano; Rigotti, Angelo; Buscaroli, Andrea; Sambri, Vittorio; Cappuccilli, Maria. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 2077-0383. - STAMPA. - 11:16(2022), pp. 4723.1-4723.14. [10.3390/jcm11164723]
Mosconi, Giovanni; Fantini, Michela; Righini, Matteo; Flachi, Marta; Semprini, Simona; Hu, Lilio; Chiappo, Francesca; Veterani, Barbara; Ambri, Katia; Ferrini, Franca; Milanesi, Catia; Giudicissi, Antonio; La Manna, Gaetano; Rigotti, Angelo; Buscaroli, Andrea; Sambri, Vittorio; Cappuccilli, Maria
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/919242
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