Background: Anastomotic leak (AL) remains one of the most relevant complications after intestinal resection for Crohn's disease (CD). While surgery has always been considered the standard treatment for perianastomotic collection, percutaneous drainage (PD) has been proposed as a potential alternative. Methods: Retrospective study in consecutive patients treated with either PD or surgery for AL after intestinal resection for CD between 2004 and 2022. AL was defined as a perianastomotic fluid collection confirmed by radiological findings. Patients with generalized peritonitis or clinical instability were excluded. Primary aim: To compare the success rate of PD vs. surgery. Secondary aims: To compare the outcomes at 90 days after the procedures; to identify the variables associated with the indication for PD. Results: A total of 47 patients were included, of which 25 (53%) underwent PD and 22 (47%) surgery. The success rate was 84% in the PD and 95% in the surgery group (p = 0.20). There were no significant differences between the PD and surgery group in postoperative medical and surgical complications, discharge, readmission or reoperation rates at 90 days. PD was more likely to be performed in patients with later diagnosis of AL (OR 1.25, 95% CI 1.03-1.53, p = 0.027), undergoing ileo-colic anastomosis alone (OR 3.72, 95% CI 2.29-12.45, p = 0.034) and treated after 2016 (OR 6.36, 95% CI 1.04-39.03, p = 0.046). Conclusion: The present study suggests that PD is a safe and effective procedure to treat anastomotic leak and perianastomotic collection in CD patients. PD should be indicated in all eligible patients as an effective alternative to surgery.

Percutaneous Drainage vs. Surgery as Definitive Treatment for Anastomotic Leak after Intestinal Resection in Patients with Crohn's Disease / Belvedere, Angela; Dajti, Gerti; Larotonda, Cristina; Angelicchio, Laura; Rizzello, Fernando; Gionchetti, Paolo; Poggioli, Gilberto; Rottoli, Matteo. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 2077-0383. - ELETTRONICO. - 12:4(2023), pp. 1392.1-1392.7. [10.3390/jcm12041392]

Percutaneous Drainage vs. Surgery as Definitive Treatment for Anastomotic Leak after Intestinal Resection in Patients with Crohn's Disease

Belvedere, Angela
Primo
;
Dajti, Gerti;Larotonda, Cristina;Angelicchio, Laura;Rizzello, Fernando;Gionchetti, Paolo;Poggioli, Gilberto;Rottoli, Matteo
Ultimo
2023

Abstract

Background: Anastomotic leak (AL) remains one of the most relevant complications after intestinal resection for Crohn's disease (CD). While surgery has always been considered the standard treatment for perianastomotic collection, percutaneous drainage (PD) has been proposed as a potential alternative. Methods: Retrospective study in consecutive patients treated with either PD or surgery for AL after intestinal resection for CD between 2004 and 2022. AL was defined as a perianastomotic fluid collection confirmed by radiological findings. Patients with generalized peritonitis or clinical instability were excluded. Primary aim: To compare the success rate of PD vs. surgery. Secondary aims: To compare the outcomes at 90 days after the procedures; to identify the variables associated with the indication for PD. Results: A total of 47 patients were included, of which 25 (53%) underwent PD and 22 (47%) surgery. The success rate was 84% in the PD and 95% in the surgery group (p = 0.20). There were no significant differences between the PD and surgery group in postoperative medical and surgical complications, discharge, readmission or reoperation rates at 90 days. PD was more likely to be performed in patients with later diagnosis of AL (OR 1.25, 95% CI 1.03-1.53, p = 0.027), undergoing ileo-colic anastomosis alone (OR 3.72, 95% CI 2.29-12.45, p = 0.034) and treated after 2016 (OR 6.36, 95% CI 1.04-39.03, p = 0.046). Conclusion: The present study suggests that PD is a safe and effective procedure to treat anastomotic leak and perianastomotic collection in CD patients. PD should be indicated in all eligible patients as an effective alternative to surgery.
2023
Percutaneous Drainage vs. Surgery as Definitive Treatment for Anastomotic Leak after Intestinal Resection in Patients with Crohn's Disease / Belvedere, Angela; Dajti, Gerti; Larotonda, Cristina; Angelicchio, Laura; Rizzello, Fernando; Gionchetti, Paolo; Poggioli, Gilberto; Rottoli, Matteo. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 2077-0383. - ELETTRONICO. - 12:4(2023), pp. 1392.1-1392.7. [10.3390/jcm12041392]
Belvedere, Angela; Dajti, Gerti; Larotonda, Cristina; Angelicchio, Laura; Rizzello, Fernando; Gionchetti, Paolo; Poggioli, Gilberto; Rottoli, Matteo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/918511
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