Simple Summary Gemtuzumab Ozogamicin (GO) is a drug approved for the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). It targets leukemic cells that express the CD33 molecule on their surface and brings the toxic agent calicheamicin inside the cell to kill it. Several studies have shown that AML patients can benefit of the addition of GO to chemotherapy during induction regimens, pre- and post-transplantation. Moreover, some disease features have been addressed or are under investigation for their capacity to predict response to GO, with the future aim of selecting AML patients that can mostly benefit of GO treatment. Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a complex hematological malignancy characterized by genetic and clinical heterogeneity and high mortality. Despite the recent introduction of novel pharmaceutical agents in hemato-oncology, few advancements have been made in AML for decades. In the last years, the therapeutic options have rapidly changed, with the approval of innovative compounds that provide new opportunities, together with new challenges for clinicians: among them, on 1 September, 2017 the Food and Drug Administration granted approval for Gemtuzumab Ozogamicin (GO) in combination with daunorubicin and cytarabine for the treatment of adult patients affected by newly diagnosed CD33(+) AML. Benefits of GO-based regimens were also reported in the pre- and post-transplantation settings. Moreover, several biomarkers of GO response have been suggested, including expression of CD33 and multidrug resistance genes, cytogenetic and molecular profiles, minimal residual disease and stemness signatures. Among them, elevated CD33 expression on blast cells and non-adverse cytogenetic or molecular risk represent largely validated predictors of good response.

Therapeutic Targeting of Acute Myeloid Leukemia by Gemtuzumab Ozogamicin / Gottardi, Michele; Simonetti, Giorgia; Sperotto, Alessandra; Nappi, Davide; Ghelli Luserna di Rorà, Andrea; Padella, Antonella; Norata, Marianna; Giannini, Maria Benedetta; Musuraca, Gerardo; Lanza, Francesco; Cerchione, Claudio; Martinelli, Giovanni. - In: CANCERS. - ISSN 2072-6694. - ELETTRONICO. - 13:18(2021), pp. 4566-4566. [10.3390/cancers13184566]

Therapeutic Targeting of Acute Myeloid Leukemia by Gemtuzumab Ozogamicin

Simonetti, Giorgia;Ghelli Luserna di Rorà, Andrea;Padella, Antonella;Musuraca, Gerardo;Lanza, Francesco
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Martinelli, Giovanni
2021

Abstract

Simple Summary Gemtuzumab Ozogamicin (GO) is a drug approved for the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). It targets leukemic cells that express the CD33 molecule on their surface and brings the toxic agent calicheamicin inside the cell to kill it. Several studies have shown that AML patients can benefit of the addition of GO to chemotherapy during induction regimens, pre- and post-transplantation. Moreover, some disease features have been addressed or are under investigation for their capacity to predict response to GO, with the future aim of selecting AML patients that can mostly benefit of GO treatment. Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a complex hematological malignancy characterized by genetic and clinical heterogeneity and high mortality. Despite the recent introduction of novel pharmaceutical agents in hemato-oncology, few advancements have been made in AML for decades. In the last years, the therapeutic options have rapidly changed, with the approval of innovative compounds that provide new opportunities, together with new challenges for clinicians: among them, on 1 September, 2017 the Food and Drug Administration granted approval for Gemtuzumab Ozogamicin (GO) in combination with daunorubicin and cytarabine for the treatment of adult patients affected by newly diagnosed CD33(+) AML. Benefits of GO-based regimens were also reported in the pre- and post-transplantation settings. Moreover, several biomarkers of GO response have been suggested, including expression of CD33 and multidrug resistance genes, cytogenetic and molecular profiles, minimal residual disease and stemness signatures. Among them, elevated CD33 expression on blast cells and non-adverse cytogenetic or molecular risk represent largely validated predictors of good response.
2021
Therapeutic Targeting of Acute Myeloid Leukemia by Gemtuzumab Ozogamicin / Gottardi, Michele; Simonetti, Giorgia; Sperotto, Alessandra; Nappi, Davide; Ghelli Luserna di Rorà, Andrea; Padella, Antonella; Norata, Marianna; Giannini, Maria Benedetta; Musuraca, Gerardo; Lanza, Francesco; Cerchione, Claudio; Martinelli, Giovanni. - In: CANCERS. - ISSN 2072-6694. - ELETTRONICO. - 13:18(2021), pp. 4566-4566. [10.3390/cancers13184566]
Gottardi, Michele; Simonetti, Giorgia; Sperotto, Alessandra; Nappi, Davide; Ghelli Luserna di Rorà, Andrea; Padella, Antonella; Norata, Marianna; Giannini, Maria Benedetta; Musuraca, Gerardo; Lanza, Francesco; Cerchione, Claudio; Martinelli, Giovanni
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/918383
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